Research article of International Research Journal of Optics and Photonics
Infrared Thermography as a Predictor of Inflammatory Response in the Elderly with Arthritis
Madruga, M.L.L.H1; Melo, G.A2; Martins, M.L3; Aranha, R.E.L.B4; Marinho, J.S5; Alves, N.T6
1Estudante de Fisioterapia – UFPB; 2,3,4Mestranda em Neurociência Cognitiva e Comportamento – UFPB, 5Estudante de Engenharia de Produção – UFPB, 6Docente/Pesquisador do Departamento de Psicologia – UFPB.
Among the physiological responses associated with osteoarthritis, the increase in muscle and epithelial temperature is an indicator of pro-inflammatory status. However, however, the association between epithelial temperature increase and osteoarthritis in elderly individuals was not yet measured. Therefore, the objective of the study was to investigate whether the thermographic pattern is able to predict the inflammatory in lower limbs in individuals with osteoarthritis. The sample consisted of 10 participants with arthritis separated by men (MW: 2; age: 75 ± 10.2 years; body mass: 78.5 ± 12.2 kg; height: 164.5 ± 8.6 cm) and women (FW: 8, age: 75 ± 10.2 years, body mass: 69.1 ± 9.5 kg, height: 153.6 ± 9.9 cm). Infrared thermography (FLIR® thermography) was performed in 6 regions of interest (IR) in the coronal (anterior and posterior) and sagittal (left and right portions) planes. To obtain predictive models, regression analyzes were performed for both sexes, p≤0.05. The results indicated that the presence of inflammation could be predicted by the following models for men: RI Posterior thigh (Exp (B) = 3.023 95% C.I. = 1.065 to 8.578, S.E = 0.532, Wald = 4.331, p = 0.038). While women showed two predictive IRs in the first model, calf thermography (Exp (B) = 3.8442 95% CI = 0.167 to 1.00, SE = 0.457, Wald = 3.84, p = 0.050) and, in the second model, the left anterior calf (Exp (B) = 6.211 95% CI = 1.447 to 21.976, SE = 0.694, Wald = 5.639, p = 0.013) and left anterior cinnamon (Exp (B) = 7.368 95% CI = 0.024 to 0.547 , SE = 0.800, Wald = 0.114, p = 0.007). The findings from this preliminary study may be used by health professionals as a noninvasive method to predict the inflammation caused by osteoarthritis.
Keywords: Infrared Thermography, Inflammatory Response,Elderly, Arthritis
How to cite this article:
Miarka, B., Quintana, M.S, Moreira, D.G, Brito, C.J. Infrared Thermography as a Predictor of Inflammatory Response in the Elderly with Arthritis.International Research Journal of Optics and Photonics, 2018, 1:5. DOI: 10.28933/irjop-2018-05-1805