The influence of population aging in Public Health

The influence of population aging in Public Health

Nélio Veiga 1,2, Patrícia Couto 1,2, Adélia Fernandes 1, Alexia Oliveira 1, Daniela Gomes 1, Daniela Santos 1, Odete Amaral 3, Carlos Pereira 3, Pedro Pereira 1, Inês Coelho 4

1Health Sciences Institute, Universidade Católica Portuguesa-Viseu, Portugal;
2Centre for Interdisciplinary Health Research (CIIS)- Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Portugal;
3CI&DETS- Polytechnic Institute of Viseu, Portugal;
4Family Health Unit Grão Vasco- Viseu, Portugal.

Population aging is one of the greatest challenges in contemporary public health. Thus, one of the consequences of this dynamic is a greater demand for health services. The aim of the present research consists in explaining the main topics that justify the fact that the increase of population-aging worldwide influences public health strategies applied.
Materials and methods
To carry out this review article the search strategies included electronic databases, such as PubMed, Cochrane Library and Science Direct, reference lists of articles, and selected textbooks. Articles and textbooks used in this study were mainly reached by using the following keywords: “Public health”; “Population-ageing “; “Global Aging”; “Elderly” and “Health”. Selection criteria included articles published from 1985 to the present year of 2018. At the end of the search, 11 scientific articles were selected.
Results and Discussion
The physical / biological, psychological and social changes associated with the elderly leads to decrease of health, withdrawal from the labor market and several unfavorable situations, which cannot be controlled. In this context, the elderly seek to find support in the family, neighborhood, friends and institutions that will influence their quality of life. Therefore, the path of Public Health has three essential points: first, health promotion and primary prevention, which requires a lot of health education to develop healthy living habits and improve understanding of the aging process; secondly, appropriate health treatments, including professionals trained in Geriatrics and Gerontology, aiming at early diagnosis and interdisciplinary administration of diseases, seeking to preserve functional capacity; and finally, the rehabilitation of the functions committed, aiming at functional independence and mental autonomy, in any type of incapacity or limitation.
Aging is a challenge to be integrated by Public Health and the vulnerability inherent in the elderly should never be seen in a unique way. Thus, we believe in the importance of different forms of support, not only in terms of assistance, clinical treatment and rehabilitation, but also in the implementation of public policies and disease prevention actions, as well as health promotion of the population of integral form.

Keywords: “Public health”, “Population-ageing”, “Global Aging”, “Elderly” and “Health”.

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Nélio Veiga, Patrícia Couto P, Adélia Fernandes, Alexia Oliveira, Daniela Gomes, Daniela Santos, Odete Amaral, Carlos Pereira, Pedro Pereira, Inês Coelho.The influence of population aging in Public Health.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:12. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-07-1001

1. Veras R, Lima-Costa M. Public Health and aging. Cadernos Saude Publica. 2003;19(3):700-1.
2. Chau F, Soares C, Sousa Fialho JA, Sacadura MJ. Aging of the Population: Dependence, Activation and Quality. [Lisbon]: Portuguese Catholic University; 2012.
3. Paz AA, Dos Santos BRL, Eidt OR. Vulnerability and aging in the context of health. Acta Paul Enferm. 2006; 19(3): 338-42.
4. Ramos LR. Public Health and Aging: the paradigm of functional capacity. Bulletin of the Institute of Health. 47th ed. April 2009:40-1.
5. Veras R. Population aging today: demands, challenges and innovations. Rev Saude Publica. 2009; 43(3):548-54.
6. Fernandes L, Paul C. Aging and mental health. Front Aging Neurosci. 2017; 9:25.
7. Kalache A, Veras RP, Ramos LR. The aging of the world population. A new challenge. Rev Saúde Pública. 1987; 21 (3): 200-10.
8. Gary AR. Promoting health and function in an aging population. BMJ. 2001;322(7288):728–729.
9. Anderson GF, Hussey PS. Population aging: a comparison among industrialized countries. Health Affairs. 2000; 19 (3): 191-203.
10. Wiener JM, Tilly J. Population aging in the United States of America: implications for public programs. Int J Epidemiol. 2002;31(4):776-81.
11. Kalache A, Aboderin I, Hoskins I. Compression of morbidity and active aging: key priorities for public health policy in the 21st century. Public Health Classics. 2002;80 (3):243-50.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details). This site cannot and does not contain professional advice. The information on this site is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals. We do not provide any kind of professional advice. The use or reliance of any information contained on this site or our mobile application is solely at your own risk. Under no circumstance shall we have any liability to you for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as a result of the use of the site or our mobile application or reliance on any information provided on the site and our mobile application. We may publish articles without peer-review. Published articles of authors are open access. Authors hold the copyright and retain publishing rights without restrictions. Authors are solely responsible for their articles published in our journals. Publication of any information in authors’ articles does not constitute an endorsement by us. We make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information that authors provided. more..

CC BY 4.0
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.