Malaria infection among persons patronizing drugstores for malaria treatment in Port Harcourt and its environs Rivers, State Nigeria

Malaria infection among persons patronizing drugstores for malaria treatment in Port Harcourt and its environs Rivers, State Nigeria

Augustine- D’Israel, E. and Abah, A.E
Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323 Port Harcourt 50001, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Background: Malaria continues to be of grave concern, despite all efforts geared towards its control and so remains a public health dilemma in Nigeria. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of malaria among persons patronizing drugstores for malaria treatment in Port Harcourt and its environs, Rivers State, Nigeria. Methods: Ethical clearance was obtained and samples were randomly collected from 24 drug stores in three different locations and analyzed using both microscopy and rapid diagnostic techniques. Results: Out of 663 participants, 151(22.78%) were positive for Plasmodium falciparum. None was positive for P. Vivax. Preponderance by location showed that out of 221 sampled in each location, Mile IV (Rumueme) 68(30.77%), Rumuosi had 51(23.08%) and D/Line area 32(14.48%). The occurrence of malaria in the study area was significantly different (X2 = 16.69; p = 0.001). Out of the 151 positive cases, 134 (88.0%) had an intensity level of 1,000 parasites/µl, 16 (10.6%) had an intensity level of 1000-9999 parasites/µl and only 1(0.71%) had an intensity level of ≥10,000parasites/µl (0.71%). (X2 = 2.58; P = 0.275). This implies that majority of those patronizing drugstores for malaria treatments do not have severe malaria. In conclusions: The occurrence of malaria among the study group is high. There was a significant difference in the occurrence of malaria across the three study areas. Therefore, the populace should be encouraged to step up their practice on malaria prevention and control.

Keywords:Malaria; Occurrence; drugstores; treatment; patronage.

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How to cite this article:
Augustine- D’Israel, E. and Abah, A.E. Malaria infection among persons patronizing drugstores for malaria treatment in Port Harcourt and its environs Rivers, State Nigeria.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:20. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-10-2801


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