Exposure and transmission risk of blood and body fluids among health care personnel at first level referral public hospitals in Meme division, Cameroon

Exposure and transmission risk of blood and body fluids among health care personnel at first level referral public hospitals in Meme division, Cameroon

Tinyami Erick Tandi1, 2, 3*, KyungHee Kim3, Tambetakaw Njang Gilbert2, JaeWook Choi13*

1Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Graduate School of Public Health Korea University, Seoul South Korea. 2Ministry of Public Health Yaounde, Yaoude Cameroon; 3Institute for Occupational and Environmental Health, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea

Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids is a serious concern for health care personnel (HCP), and posed a serious risk for the transmission of infectious pathogens. The aim of this study was to investigate occupational exposures of HCP at first level hospitals in Meme Division, Cameroon.
We sampled 190 HCP working in 3 first level referral hospitals in Meme division in Cameroon using a structured questionnaire with a participation rate of 94.06 %. Descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis using logistic regression were performed.
Of the 190 HCP who participated in the study, 77 (40.53 %) indicated having at least an encounter with exposure with blood and body fluids within the past 12 months. The physicians (78.57%) and the nurses (40.54%) were the most exposed categories of HCP. Working for long hours, lack of continuous training on infection prevention, 7-10 years working experience, dissatisfaction with current jobs, recapping needles after used were significantly associated with exposure and transmission risk to blood and body fluids among HCP.
There was a high level of exposure to blood and body fluids among HCP at the first level referral hospitals in Meme division in Cameroon. Programs targeting the implementation of surveillance systems for training, registering, reporting, provision of basic personal protective equipment and management of occupational exposures in health care settings should be prioritised.

Keywords: Health care personnel, blood and body fluids, public district hospitals, Cameroon

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How to cite this article:
Tinyami Erick Tandi, KyungHee Kim, Tambetakaw Njang Gilbert, JaeWook Choi.Exposure and transmission risk of blood and body fluids among health care personnel at first level referral public hospitals in Meme division, Cameroon. International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:22. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-10-2808


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