Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health
The Maternal Outcomes and its Determinants among Pregnant Women Complicated by Severe Preeclampsia at Hidar 11 Hospital
NIGUSS CHERIE1, AHMED MOHAMMED2
1Department of public health, Wollo University, Ethiopia
2Asayta Hospital, Afar, Ethiopia
Background: Pre-eclampsia is one of the causes of maternal morbidity and mortality throughout the world. It is common problem in developing countries. This study was aimed to assess the maternal outcomes of severe pre-eclampsia among pregnant women admitedand managed at at Hidar 11 Hospital in 2018.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among preeclamptic women who were admitted to maternity ward of at Hidar 11 Hospital in a four year period from JAN 1/ 2014 – Decem 31/ 2018. All laboring mothers that are admitted and managed at hidar 11 hospitals was a source population retrieved by review of clinical records and then, the data was collected from April 1-30 2018. Daily completeness of the questionnaire was cross checked by principal investigator for data quality control using prepared checklist after a pretest given. Data regarding patient characteristics and treatment outcome (eg. maternal death, maternal complication, hospital stay) were collected. Data was collected using data collection format from patient medical charts. data was cleaned coded entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used. All the statistical tests were significant at P-value < 0.05,Besides odd ratio 95%CI was used.
Results: A total of 318 mothers’ medical charts were reviewed. One hundred sixty five (82.5%) pregnant women were diagnosed with severe preeclampsia. About 98(30.8%) of the women developed complications. The most common maternal complication was HELLP syndrome Mothers with gestational age less than 34weeks were 6.8 times more likely to develop complication [AOR=6.8, 95% CI = 1.974-24.026].similarly primigravida 4 times more likely to develop complication[AOR=4.934 CI =2.281-10.675 ]. Mothers with antipartum preeclampsia were 6.6 times more likely to have prolonged hospital stay [AOR=6.611 ,95% CI=2.749-15.898].
Conclusion: The commonly seen poor treatment outcomes in preclamptic mothers were magnesium sulphate toxicity, prolonged hospital stay and development of complications. Preeclampsia at gestational age of less than 34 weeks significantly increases the risk of developing maternal complication.
Keywords: Maternal outcome, pre-eclampsia
How to cite this article:
NIGUSS CHERIE and AHMED MOHAMMED.The Maternal Outcomes and its Determinants among Pregnant Women Complicated by Severe Preeclampsia at Hidar 11 Hospital.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:24.. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-11-2908
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