Community Based Assessment of Bed Bug Infestation Status in Arba Minch Zuria Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Community Based Assessment of Bed Bug Infestation Status in Arba Minch Zuria Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Abate Waldetnasi*1, Araya Eukubay1, Jemal Mohammed1, Sileabat Aschalew2

1Ethipian Public Health Institutes, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2South Omo zone Health Department, Jinka, Ethiopia

Introduction: Bedbug infestations have become a serious problem in housing dueto their crawling and blood sucking activities.
Objective: This study was aimed to assess the infestation status and public health importance of bed bug infestation in low income communities at household level.
Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted between January and February, 2018 on 721 housuholds in Arba Minch zuria Woreda, Southern Ethiopia with random sampling technique. Data collection was undertaken on knowledge and attitude about bed bug and bedbug infestation health impacts and factors for the infestation and control practices used were collected with well prepared questionnaire and standard observational check.
Results: From all inspected materials, 97% infestation were on wall and sleeping and mosquito bed nets. The left materials relatively infested less were arm chair (2.76%) and other materials (0.89%) found in the house of the participants. About 31% and 15% participants reported bed bug infestation prohibited from using mosquito nets and cause thyphoid respectively. The left 55 % of participants reported the infestation causes wounds, itching, lossing rest and skin lesion. 98.1% of the participants have a knowledge about bed bug, blood sucking insects and 44% of respondents believed in insecticide nets increases the infestation. 72.5% household are using together hot water (42.28%) and ajjacks with water (30.2%) followed by 18.8% chemicals to control infestation. Omo soap, sun lights and plants were optional mechanisms of infestation controls.
Conclusion: Bedbugs resurgences and its related factors are being considered as public health problem in Ethiopia. More researches focusing on bed bug biology and epidemiology are required establish a new prevention, treatment, control options and public health response.

Keywords: Bed bugs, bed bugs infestation, Ethiopia

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Abate Waldetnasi, Araya Eukubay, Jemal Mohammed, Sileabat Aschalew. Community Based Assessment of Bed Bug Infestation Status in Arba Minch Zuria Woreda, Southern Ethiopia.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2019; 3:30


1. Mcmenaman KS, Gausche-hill M. Cimex lectularius ( “ Bed Bugs ” ) Recognition , Management , and Eradication. CME. 2016;32(11):801–4.
2. Tabuchi RL, Sutherland AM, Choe D, Tsutsui ND. Researchers combat resurgence of bed bug in behavioral studies and monitor trials. Calif Agric. 2013;67(3):172–8.
3. Davies TGE, Field LM, Williamson MS. The re-emergence of the bed bug as a nuisance pest: Implications of resistance to the pyrethroid insecticides. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 2012. p. 241–54.
4. Lai O, Ho D, Glick S, Jagdeo J. Bed bugs and possible transmission of human pathogens : a systematic review. Arch Dermatol Res [Internet]. Springer Berlin Heidelberg; 2016;308(8):531–8. Available from: “
5. Giudice P Del, Levy-bencheton A, Chosidow O, Marty P, Delaunay P, Brouqui P. Bedbugs and Infectious Diseases. Clin Infect Dis. 2013;52(2):200–10.
6. Chen H, Copes R. A review on bed bugs : epidemiology , health effects , and surveillance activities. 2010;1–35.
7. Wang C, Wen X. Bed bug infestations and control practices in China: Implications for fighting the global bed bug resurgence. Insects. 2011;2(2):83–95.
8. Mumcuoglu KY, Shalom U. Questionnaire survey of common bedbug (Cimex lectularius) infestations in Israel. Isr J Entomol. 2010;40:1–10.
9. Jones SC, Bryant JL, Harrison SA. Behavioral Responses of the Bed Bug to Permethrin-Impregnated ActiveGuardTM Fabric. 2013;230–40.
10. Romero A. Biology and management of the bed bug, Cimex lectularius L. (Heteroptera: Cimicidae). Dissertation. 2009.
11. Ibrahim O, Syed UM, Tomecki KJ. Bedbugs : Helping your patient through an infestation. CME. 2017;84(3):207–11.
12. Karunamoorthi K, Beyene B, Ambelu A. Prevalence , Knowledge and Self-Reported Containment Practices about Bedbugs in the Resource-Limited Setting of Ethiopia : A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Survey. Health (Irvine Calif). 2015;7:1142–57.
13. Bennett GW, Gondhalekar AD, Wang C, Buczkowski G, Gibb TJ. Using research and education to implement practical bed bug control programs in multifamily housing. Pest Manag Sci. 2015;(April).
14. Mekonnen D, Zenebe Y, Derbie A, Adem Y, Hailu D, Mulu W. Health impacts of bedbug infestation : A case of five towns in Amhara Region , Ethiopia. Ethiop J Heal Dev. 2018;31(4):251–8.
15. Fong D, Bos C, Stuart T, Perron S, Kosatsky T, Shum M. Prevention , Identification , and Treatment Options for the Management of Bed Bug Infestations. J Can Inst Public Heal Insp [Internet]. 2013;55(4):1–17. Available from:
16. Wu Y, Tracy DM, Barbarin AM, Barbu CM, Levy MZ. A Door-to-Door Survey of Bed Bug ( Cimex lectularius ) Infestations in Row Homes in Philadelphia , Pennsylvania. Am J Trop Med Hyg,. 2014;91(1):206–10.
17. Studdiford, James S Conniff, Kathryn M Trayes, Kathryn P Tully AS, Clinic C, River R. Bedbug Infestation. Am Fam Physician [Internet]. 2012;86(7):653–8. Available from:
18. Liu B, Kim H, Pennington-Gray L. Responding to the bed bug crisis in social media. Int J Hosp Manag. 2015;47:76–84.
19. Salazar R, Castillo-Neyra R, Tustin AW, Borrini-Mayorí K, Náquira C, Levy MZ. Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) as vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015;92(2).
20. Giorda F, Guardone L, Mancini M, Accorsi A, Macchioni F, Mignone W. Cases of bed bug (Cimex lectularius) infestations in Northwest Italy. Vet Ital. 2013;49(4):335–40.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details). This site cannot and does not contain professional advice. The information on this site is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals. We do not provide any kind of professional advice. The use or reliance of any information contained on this site or our mobile application is solely at your own risk. Under no circumstance shall we have any liability to you for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as a result of the use of the site or our mobile application or reliance on any information provided on the site and our mobile application. We may publish articles without peer-review. Published articles of authors are open access. Authors hold the copyright and retain publishing rights without restrictions. Authors are solely responsible for their articles published in our journals. Publication of any information in authors’ articles does not constitute an endorsement by us. We make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information that authors provided. more..

CC BY 4.0
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.