Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health
Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training Programme on Blood Cholesterol Profile in Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases among Young Adults
D.I. Adeagbo1, A .O Awosusi1, O.M Bolarinwa1, B. G. Agboola2
1Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. 2Department ofAdult Education and Community Development, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado- Ekiti, Nigeria.
This study investigated the effects of aerobic exercise training programme on blood cholesterol profile as cardiovascular disease risk factor among adolescents. The study employed the true experimental of pretest post test design with one experimental and control group. The population consisted of 745 students of Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti. The participants for the study were 32 students comprising 22 participants for the experimental and 10 for the control groups with equal number of male and female in each case. The instruments used for sample and data collection for the study were; stadiometer, vacutainer needles, plastic vacuum tubes, vacutainer holder, tourniquet, disinfection swabs, microspore tape, adhesive dressing, rubber gloves, lithium heparin bottles and spectrophotometer. The training programme consisted of graded activities lasting for 25-40 minutes, administered three times a week for 12 weeks. The blood samples collected were subjected to chemical analysis generated for the study. The data were subjected to descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation and range and inferential statistics of Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA) was employed to determine how much effect the treatment had on the cholesterol profile of the students. Statistical analysis showed significant reduction of total cholesterol, low density lipoproteincholesterol, and increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Aerobic exercise training programme had positive effects on total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels of the adolescents. It is therefore recommended that behavioural counseling will goal on way re-orientating the adolescents towards aerobic exercise training programme which will help in preventing cardio vascular diseases in adult population.
Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, Blood Cholesterol, Aerobic Training, Adolescents.
How to cite this article:
D.I. Adeagbo, A .O Awosusi, O.M Bolarinwa, B. G. Agboola. Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training Programme on Blood Cholesterol Profile in Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases among Young Adults. International Research Journal of Public Health, 2020; 4:44. DOI: 10.28933/irjph-2020-04-1605
1. American Council on Exercise (ACE, 2011); Managing cholesterol with exercise.http://www.livestrong.com/article/381757-what-efect-does-exercise. Retrieved on 24/06/2012.
2. American Heart Association (AHA, 2012); Physical activity and cholesterol http://www.livestrong.com/article/381757-what-effect-does-exercise.Retrieved on 20/09/2012.
3. Blessing, D. L., Keith, R. E. &Williford, H. N. (1995); Blood lipid and physiological responses to endurance training in adolescents: Pediatric Exercise Science; 192-202.
4. deVries, H. A, Housh, T. J &Housh, D. J. (2003); Applied exercise & sportphysiology; Holcomb Hathaway Publishers Inc.
5. Durstine, J. L., & Thompson, R. W. (2000); Exercise modulates blood lipids and lipoproteins, a great explanation and exercise plan; American College of Sports Medicine Health and Fitness Journal;4:7-12
6. Fahey, T. D., Insel, P. M., & Roth, W. T. (2003); Fit and Well: Core conceptsand labs in physical fitness and wellness; (5th ed.), Mayfield Publishing Company.
7. Healy, G. N., Matthews, C. E., Dunstan, D. W., Winkler, E. A., & Owen, N. (2011).Sedentary time and cardio-metabolic biomarkers in US adults: NHANES 2003–06. European heart journal, 32(5), 590-597.
8. Jeong, S. M., Choi, S., Kim, K., Kim, S. M., Lee, G., Park, S. Y., …& Park, S. M. (2018). Effect of change in total cholesterol levels on cardiovascular disease among young adults.Journal of the American Heart Association, 7(12), e008819.
9. Kids Health (2012); Cholesterol and your child. The Numours Foundation.
10. Lee, Y. H., Lee, S. G., Lee, M. H., Kim, J. H., Lee, B. W., Kang, E. S., … & Cha, B. S. (2014). Serum cholesterol concentration and prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of high low‐density lipoprotein cholesterol in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2008–2010: beyond the Tip of the Iceberg. Journal of the American Heart Association, 3(1), e000650.
11. Rodriguez, D. K. (2011); What effect does exercise have on cholesterol levels? http://www.livingstrong.com/article/381757-what-effect-does-exercise-have-on-cholesterol-levels Retrieved on 20/05/2012.
12. Stergioulas, A. T &Filippou, D. K (2006); Effects of Physical Conditioning on lipids and arachidonic acid metabolites in untrained boys: a longitudinal study; Applied Physiology of Nutrition Metabolism; 31(4), 432-441.
13. The United States Department of Health and Human Services (2008); “Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans”
14. Tolfrey, K., Campbell, I. G., &Batterham, A. M., (1998); Exercise training induced alterations in prepubertal children’s lipid-lipoprotein profile; Medicine Science, Sports and Exercise; 30(12); 1684-1692.
15. Washington, R. L. (1999); Interventions to reduce cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents; American Family Physician; 59(8): 2211 – 2218.
16. Williford H.N & Blessing D.L (1996); Exercise training in black adolescents: Changes in blood lipids and VO2 max; Ethnic Disease; 6(3-4), 279-285.
17. Wilmore, J. H., &Costill, D. L. (2004); Physiology of Sport and Exercise, (3rd ed.), Hong Kong, Human Kinetics.