Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health
KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE OF POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME AMONG FEMALE QASSIM REGION, SAUDI ARABIA
IBTISAM AYAD ALHARBI
Department of Medical Laboratories College of Applied Medical Sciences Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Introduction: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most endocrine disorders in young women during their reproductive years. PCOS is associated with the incidence of type 2 DM and infertility, which in turn increases the financial burden to healthcare system. The aim of this study is to determine the knowledge, attitude, and practice of polycystic ovary syndrome among female Qassim region.
Methods: An observational, cross-section study recruited young women age between 18 and 50 years from September 2019 to November 2019 in Al Qassim region. The data is obtained through an online survey that is posted in commonly used social media applications: namely, Instagram, Snapchat, Telegram, WhatsApp, and twitter. EPI INFO 7 is used to determine the association among demographical factors and knowledge, attitude, and practice of polycystic ovary syndrome.
Results: Over 400 participated women there is 84% have knowledge about PCOS, 73% know the correlation between PCOS and obesity, 46% know that PCOS is heredity. At the same time, 63% did not realize that PCOS can cause type 2 DM. Moreover, knowledge has a significant association with age, social status, and education level with P-value 0.003, 0.02, 0.018, respectively. In terms of prevalence, 22% of participants have PCOS, while 17% of their mother or sister has PCOS.
Conclusion: Knowledge of PCOS is a significant association with age, social status, and education level. To increase awareness of women related PCOS, these factors should keep in mind to produce an effective education program/campaign.
Keywords: Polycystic ovarian syndrome; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice; Qassim region
How to cite this article:
IBTISAM AYAD ALHARBI.KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE OF POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME AMONG FEMALE QASSIM REGION, SAUDI ARABIA.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2020; 4:48. DOI: 10.28933/irjph-2020-10-1305
1. Archer, J. and Chang, R. (2004). Hirsutism and acne in polycystic ovary syndrome. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 18(5), pp.737-754.
2. Baptiste, C., Battista, M., Trottier, A. and Baillargeon, J. (2010). Insulin and hyperandrogenism in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.
3. Bozdag, G., Mumusoglu, S., Zengin, D., Kara-bulut, E. and Yildiz, B. (2016). The prevalence and phenotypic features of polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and me-ta-analysis. Human Reproduction, 31(12), pp.2841-2855.
4. Colwell, K., Lujan, M., Lawson, K., Pierson, R. and Chizen, D. (2010). Women’s Perceptions of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Following Participation in a Clinical Research Study: Implications for Knowledge, Feelings, and Daily Health Practices. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, 32(5), pp.453-459.
5. Franks, S. (1995). Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine, 333(13), pp.853-861.
6. Gervásio, C., Bernuci, M., Silva-de-Sá, M. and Rosa-e-Silva, A. (2014). The Role of Androgen Hormones in Early Follicular Development.
7. HF, E. (2019). Polycystic ovary syndrome: definition, aetiology, diagnosis and treatment. – PubMed-NCBI. [online] Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Available at:
a. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29569621 [Accessed 28 Sep. 2019].
8. Huber-Buchholz, M., Carey, D. and Norman, R. (1999). Restoration of Reproductive Potential by Lifestyle Modification in Obese Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Role of Insulin Sensitivity and Luteinizing Hormone1. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 84(4), pp.1470-1474.
9. KIDDY, D., HAMILTON-FAIRLEY, D., BUSH, A., SHORT, F., ANYAOKU, V., REED, M. and FRANKS, S. (1992). Improvement in Endocrine and Ovarian Function During Dietary Treatment of Obese Women With Polycystic Ovary Syn-drome. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, 47(9), pp.640-642.
10. Knochenhauer, E., Key, T., Kahsar-Miller, M., Waggoner, W., Boots, L. and Azziz, R. (1998). Prevalence of the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Unselected Black and White Women of the Southeastern United States: A Prospective Study1. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 83(9), pp.3078-3082.
11. Lizneva, D., Suturina, L., Walker, W., Brakta, S., Gavrilova-Jordan, L. and Azziz, R. (2016). Criteria, prevalence, and phenotypes of polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertility and Sterility, 106(1), pp.6-15.
12. Melo, A., Ferriani, R. and Navarro, P. (2015). Treatment of infertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: approach to clinical practice.
13. Moran, L., Gibson-Helm, M., Teede, H. and Deeks, A. (2010). Polycystic ovary syndrome: a biopsychosocial understanding in young women to improve knowledge and treatment options. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gyne-cology, 31(1), pp.24-31.
14. Norman, R., Dewailly, D., Legro, R. and Hickey, T. (2007). Polycystic ovary syndrome. The Lancet, 370(9588), pp.685-697.
15. Pasquali, R. and Casimirri, F. (1993). The impact of obesity on hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary syndrome in premenopausal women. Clinical Endocrinology, 39(1), pp.1-16.
16. Patel, J. and Rai, S. (2018). Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) awareness among young women of central India. International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 7(10), p.3960.
17. Sam, S. (2007). Obesity and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Obesity Management, 3(2), pp.69-73.
18. Tahir, M., Haq, N., Naseem, A. and Razzaque, G. (2016). Effect of Educational Intervention on Osteoporosis Knowledge among University Female Students in Quetta, Pakistan. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine, 2(2), pp.40-45.
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.