Determination of some Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern in Typha domingensis invaded Soil in Bauchi, Nigeria

Determination of some Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern in Typha domingensis invaded Soil in Bauchi, Nigeria

U .F 1, Hassan, H. F2, Ushie, O. A3, MUSA, Z .A2 and Ntui, T.N4

1 Department of Chemistry, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria;2General Hospital, Bauchi State, Nigeria;
3Department of Chemical Science, Federal University, Wukari Nigeria; 4Department of Chemical Science, Cross River University of Technology Calabar, Nigeria

Journal of Plant and Environmental Research

The speciation of some heavy metals on Typha domingensis invaded soil along Gombe road, Bauchi were evaluated. Soil samples from the Typha domengensis invaded soil and the control site were collected and analysed for exchangeable bound metals, carbonate bound metals, manganese bound metals, iron-manganese bound metals, organic/sulphide bound metals and residual bound metals. The results on the Typha domingensis invaded soil were found to be exchangeable bound metals; Fe 1.47 ± 0.21 mg/dm3, Zn 1.45 ± 0.02 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.16 ± 0.04 mg/dm3. Carbonate bound metals Fe 26.10 ± 1.01 mg/dm3, Zn 2.66 ± 0.17 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.89 ± 0.03 mg/dm3 and Manganese bound metals Fe 14.50 ± 0.45 mg/dm3, Zn 4.03 ± 0.78 mg/dm3 and Pb 1.22 ± 0.06 mg/dm3. Iron-manganese bound metals Fe 120.40 ± 19.15 mg/dm3, Zn 6.79 ± 1.12 mg/dm3 and Pb 2.16 ± 0.05 mg/dm3. Organic/sulphide bound metals Fe 5.90 ± 0.50 mg/dm3, Zn 4.14 ± 0.68 mg/dm3 and Pb 3.58 ± 0.07 mg/dm3. Residual bound metals Fe 13.10 ± 0.55 mg/dm3, Zn 6.12 ± 0.17 mg/dm3 and Pb 4.48 ± 0.09 mg/dm3.The results of the control sample (without Typha domingensis) shows that the exchangeable bound metals Fe 9.40 ± 1.89 mg/dm3, Zn 1.71 ± 0.45 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.28 ± 0.05 mg/dm3, Carbonate bound metals Fe 0.70 ± 0.12 mg/dm3, Zn 2.20 ± 0.71 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.46 ± 0.12 mg/dm3, Manganese bound metals Fe 2.50 ± 0.21 mg/dm3, Zn 1.90 ± 0.09 mg/dm3 and Pb 1.68 ± 0.04 mg/dm3, Iron-manganese bound metals Fe 221.30 ± 21.12 mg/dm3, Zn 7.46 ± 0.48 mg/dm3 and Pb 2.75 ± 0.06 mg/dm3, Organic/sulphide Fe 4.20 ± 0.62 mg/dm3, Zn 3.70 ± 0.80 mg/dm3 and Pb 3.93 ± 0.04 mg/dm3 and Residual bound metals Fe 30.10 ± 5.80 mg/dm3, Zn 7.38 ± 0.61 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.53 ± 0.03 mg/dm3. Statistical analysis using pooled standard deviation methods of computing t indicates significant difference in all the fractions at (p=0.05). This research work shows that the plant (Typha domingensis) have negative impacts on the soil samples.

Keywords: Determination, Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern, Typha domingensis invaded Soil, Bauchi, Nigeria

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How to cite this article:
Hassan, U .F, Hassan, H. F, Ushie, O. A, MUSA, Z .A and Ntui, T.N.Determination of some Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern in Typha domingensis invaded Soil in Bauchi, Nigeria. Journal of Plant and Environmental Research, 2018,3:7. DOI:10.28933/jper-2018-01-0201


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