Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research
Determination of some Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern in Typha domingensis invaded Soil in Bauchi, Nigeria
U .F 1, Hassan, H. F2, Ushie, O. A3, MUSA, Z .A2 and Ntui, T.N4
1 Department of Chemistry, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria；2General Hospital, Bauchi State, Nigeria;
3Department of Chemical Science, Federal University, Wukari Nigeria; 4Department of Chemical Science, Cross River University of Technology Calabar, Nigeria
The speciation of some heavy metals on Typha domingensis invaded soil along Gombe road, Bauchi were evaluated. Soil samples from the Typha domengensis invaded soil and the control site were collected and analysed for exchangeable bound metals, carbonate bound metals, manganese bound metals, iron-manganese bound metals, organic/sulphide bound metals and residual bound metals. The results on the Typha domingensis invaded soil were found to be exchangeable bound metals; Fe 1.47 ± 0.21 mg/dm3, Zn 1.45 ± 0.02 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.16 ± 0.04 mg/dm3. Carbonate bound metals Fe 26.10 ± 1.01 mg/dm3, Zn 2.66 ± 0.17 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.89 ± 0.03 mg/dm3 and Manganese bound metals Fe 14.50 ± 0.45 mg/dm3, Zn 4.03 ± 0.78 mg/dm3 and Pb 1.22 ± 0.06 mg/dm3. Iron-manganese bound metals Fe 120.40 ± 19.15 mg/dm3, Zn 6.79 ± 1.12 mg/dm3 and Pb 2.16 ± 0.05 mg/dm3. Organic/sulphide bound metals Fe 5.90 ± 0.50 mg/dm3, Zn 4.14 ± 0.68 mg/dm3 and Pb 3.58 ± 0.07 mg/dm3. Residual bound metals Fe 13.10 ± 0.55 mg/dm3, Zn 6.12 ± 0.17 mg/dm3 and Pb 4.48 ± 0.09 mg/dm3.The results of the control sample (without Typha domingensis) shows that the exchangeable bound metals Fe 9.40 ± 1.89 mg/dm3, Zn 1.71 ± 0.45 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.28 ± 0.05 mg/dm3, Carbonate bound metals Fe 0.70 ± 0.12 mg/dm3, Zn 2.20 ± 0.71 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.46 ± 0.12 mg/dm3, Manganese bound metals Fe 2.50 ± 0.21 mg/dm3, Zn 1.90 ± 0.09 mg/dm3 and Pb 1.68 ± 0.04 mg/dm3, Iron-manganese bound metals Fe 221.30 ± 21.12 mg/dm3, Zn 7.46 ± 0.48 mg/dm3 and Pb 2.75 ± 0.06 mg/dm3, Organic/sulphide Fe 4.20 ± 0.62 mg/dm3, Zn 3.70 ± 0.80 mg/dm3 and Pb 3.93 ± 0.04 mg/dm3 and Residual bound metals Fe 30.10 ± 5.80 mg/dm3, Zn 7.38 ± 0.61 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.53 ± 0.03 mg/dm3. Statistical analysis using pooled standard deviation methods of computing t indicates significant difference in all the fractions at (p=0.05). This research work shows that the plant (Typha domingensis) have negative impacts on the soil samples.
Keywords: Determination, Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern, Typha domingensis invaded Soil, Bauchi, Nigeria
How to cite this article:
Hassan, U .F, Hassan, H. F, Ushie, O. A, MUSA, Z .A and Ntui, T.N.Determination of some Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern in Typha domingensis invaded Soil in Bauchi, Nigeria. Journal of Plant and Environmental Research, 2018,3:7. DOI:10.28933/jper-2018-01-0201
1. Albertoni, E.F., C. Palma-Silva and C.C. Veiga. (2005). Estrutura da comunidade Elsokkarmacro invertebra dosassociada às macrófit as a quáticas Nymphoides indicae Azolla filliculoides em dois lagos subtropicais (Rio Grande, RS, Brasil). Acta Biologica Leopondensia 27(3): 137-145.
2. Calmano W., Mangold S., and Welter E. (2001) An XAFS investigation of the artefacts caused by sequential extraction analyses of Pb-contaminated soils. Fres. J. Anal. Chem. 371, 823-830.
3. Cottenie, A., A. Verloo, L. Kiekense, G. Velghe and L. Camerynck, (1982). Chemical Analysis of Plant and Soil. State Univ. of Belgium-Gent, Hand Book, Belgium., pp: 1-6.
4. Elsokkary, I.H. 1980. Selenium distribution, chemical fractionation and adsorption in someEgyptian alluvial and lacustrine soils. Z. Pflanzenernaehr. Bodenkd. 143:74–83.
5. Kolo, B.G, Jibrin, M.D and Ishaku I. N (2009) Elemental analysis of Tap and Borehole water in Maiduguri, semi arid region, Nigeria. Environmental Journal of Science 1(2), 26-29.
6. Olumu MO, Racz CJ, Cho CM (1973) Effect of flooding on the Eh, pH and concentration of Fe and Mn in several Manitoba soils. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 37:220–224
7. Omuku P, Asiagwu AK, Okeke JJ and Okoye PAC. (2009). Heavy metal speciation patterns in refuse dumpsites of Awka City,Nigeria. Journal of Chemical Society of Nigeria 34(2), 17-23.
8. Sanders, J.W, Venema, G, Kok, J, Leenhouts, K (1998) Identification of a sodium chloride-regulated promoter in Lactococcus lactis by single-copy chromosomal fusion with a reporter gene. Mol. Gen. Genet. 257, 681–685.
9. Opaluwa, O. D., Aremu, M. O., Ogbo, L. O, Abiola, K. A., Odiba, I. E, Abubakar, M. M and
10. Nweze, N.O (2012) .Heavy metal concentrations in soils, plant leaves and crops grown around dump sites in Lafia Metropolis, Nasarawa State, Nigeria Advances in Applied Science Research, , 3 (2):780-784
11. Tessier, A., Campbell, P.G.C. and Bisson, M. (1979) Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals. Anal. Chem.51(7), 844–850
12. Uwumarongie, E.G, Okieimen, F.E and Uwumarongie, O.H. (2008). Spatial distribution and speciation of arsenic, chromium and copper in contaminated soil. J. Chem. Soc.Nig. 33(1), 112-121