Nitrogen Release Dynamics of Erythrina abyssinian and Erythrina brucei litters as Influenced by Polyphenol, Lignin and Nitrogen Contents

Nitrogen Release Dynamics of Erythrina abyssinian and Erythrina brucei litters as Influenced by Polyphenol, Lignin and Nitrogen Contents

Abebe Abay

Central Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Centre, P. O. Box 31037, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Journal of Plant and Environmental Research

Litter mineralization is a crucial process in providing nutrients through decomposition to plants, which also depends in the chemical composition of the litter and soil properties as well. Decomposition rate of Erythrina abyssinian and Erythrina brucei in Luvisol was investigated in relation to their nutrient release dynamics such as NH4+ and NO3- in relation to their initial concentrations of lignin, ADF, cellulose and total polyphenol content and their ratios. The dynamic was followed in an incubation pot experiment, CRD design in replication. Erythrina abyssinian has an average of 4.05%, 9.7% and 2.04% TN, lignin and total polyphenol content respectively. Erythrina brucei has also an average of 3.05 %, 12.63 % and 1.05 % content of TN, lignin and total polyphenol respectively. The samples of Erythrina abyssinian and Erythrina brucei were ground and incorporated with Luvisol in pots. Each treatment and control were sampled and analyzed on weekly basses to determine the amount of ammonium and nitrate released. The lignin and total polyphenol was significantly positively correlated with the release of NH4+, while the NO3- showed significant negative correlations with the release of ammonium. From the experiment it was observed that the Erythrina abyssinian with lower content of lignin and high in TN has released the nutrients faster where as Erythrina brucei with high lignin and low total polyphenol content released slowly. In general, these leguminous trees released NH4+and NO3- easily because of their high total nitrogen content and low lignin, ADF, cellulose and total polyphenol content. They attained their half-life within 2–3 weeks. Therefore, Erythrina abyssinica and Erythrina brucei bears fast mineralization as a result they can be used for fast-term correction of crop nutrient demand. However, more detailed researches are needed to synchronize and verify laboratory results with field measurements of their effect on crop production and synchronization of soil nutrient availability and crop demand in different agro ecology and soil types.

Keywords:Incubation, Lignin, Luvisol, Total Polyphenol, Nitrate.

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Abebe Abay. Nitrogen Release Dynamics of Erythrina abyssinian and Erythrina brucei litters as Influenced by Polyphenol, Lignin and Nitrogen Contents. Journal of Plant and Environmental Research, 2018,3:11. DOI:10.28933/jper-2018-04-3001

1. Abiven, S., Recous, S., Reyes, V. and R. Oliver. 2005. Mineralisation of C and N from root, stem and leaf residues in soil and role of their biochemical quality. Biology & Fertility of Soils 42:119–128.
2. Aerts R., 1997. Climate, leaf litter chemistry and leaf litter decomposition in terrestrial ecosystems: a triangular relationship. Oikos ,79:439–449
3. Anis, S., Sugeng, P., Sri-Rahayu, U., and Eko, H. 2012. “N Mineralization from Residues of Crops Grown with Varying Supply of 15N Concentrations.” J. Agri. Sci. 4: (8): 117-23.
4. Arunachalam, K., Singh, N.D. and Arunachalam A., 2003. Decomposition of leguminous crop residues in jhum cultivation system in northeast India. Journal of Plant Nutrition & Soil Science 166: 731–736.
5. Bekele-Tesemma, A., 2007. Useful trees of Ethiopia: identification, propagation and management in 17 agroecological zones. Nairobi: RELMA in ICRAF Project
6. Boerjan W., Ralph J., Baucher M., 2003. Lignin biosynthesis. Annu Rev Plant Biol 54: 519–546.
7. Bouyoucos, G.H., 1951. A Reclamation of the Hydrometer for Making Mechanical Analy. Soil. Agro. J., 43: Pp 434-438.
8. Browning, B. L., 1967. Methods of Wood Chemistry. Vol. II. New York, London: John Wiley and Sons, 387.
9. Cates, R. G. and Rhoades, D. F., 1997. “Patterns in the production of antiherbivore chemical defenses in plant communities,” Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 185–193,
10. Clancy, M. J., and Wilson, R. K., 1966. “Development and Application of New Chemical Method for Predicting the Digestibility and Intake of Herbage Samples.” In Proceedings of the 10th International Grassland Congress, 445-53.
11. Giller, K.E. and Cadisch, G., 1997. Driven by nature: a sense of arrival or departure. In: Cadisch, G. and Giller, K.E. (eds.), Driven by Nature: Plant Litter Quality and Decomposition. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 393-399.
12. Goya, J.F., Frangi, J.L., Perez, C. and F.D. Tea. 2008. De-composition and nutrient release from leaf litter in Eucalyptus grandis plantations on three different soils in Entre Rios, Argentina. Bosque. 29: Pp 217-226.
13. Grubesic, R. J., Vukovic, J., Kremer, D., and Vladimir-Knezevic, C. 2005. “Spectrophotometric Method for Polyphenols Analysis: Prevalidation and Application on Plantago L. Species.” J. Pha. Bio. Ana. 39 (3-4) .
14. Handayanto, E., Giller, K. R., and Cadisch, G., 1997. “Regulating N Release from Legume Tree Prunings by Mixing Residues of Different Quality.” Soil Biol. Biochem. 29: 1417-1426.
15. Havlin, J.L., Beaton, J.D., Tisdale, S.L. and Nelson, W.L., 2010. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. An Introduction to Nutrient Management.7th ed. PHI Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi.
16. Hillel, D.,1980. Fundamental of Soil Physics. Academic Press, New York.
17. HMD (Hawassa Meteorological Directorate), 2015, Hawassa, Ethiopia
18. Hole, D.G., A.J. Perkins, J.D. Wilson, I.H. Alexander, P.V. Grice and Evans, A.D., 2005. Does organic farming benefit biodiversity? Biological conservation 122:113-130.
19. Keeney, D.R. and Nelson, D.W., 1982. Nitrogen – Inorganic Forms: In: Methods of Soil Analysis: Part Agronomy Monogr. 9, 2nd ed. A.L. Page, Et Al., (eds), ASA and Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Madison, WI. Pp. 643-687
20. Khalil, M.I., Rosenani, A.B., Van Cleemput, O., Shamshuddin, J. and Fauziah, C.I., 2002. Nitrous oxide production from an ultisol treated with different nitrogen sources and moisture regimes. Bio. and Fert. Soils 36: 59–65.
21. Landon JR., 1996. Booker tropical soil manual. A handbook for soil survey and agricultural land evaluation in the tropics and sub tropics. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
22. Lebo, Stuart E. Jr.; Gargulak, Jerry D.; McNally, Timothy J., 2001. “Lignin”. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Kirk Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
23. Legesse, N. 2002. Review of research advances in some selected African tree with special reference to Ethiopia. Ethio. J. Biol. Sci., 1: 81-126.
24. Loranger, G., Jean-Franccois, P., Imbert, D. & Lavelle, P., 2002. Leaf decomposition in two semi-evergreen tropical forests: influence of litter quality. Biology and Fertility of Soils 35: 247-252.
25. Martone, Pt; Estevez, Jm; Lu, F; Ruel, K; Denny, Mw; Somerville, C; Ralph, J., 2009. “Discovery of Lignin in Seaweed Reveals Convergent Evolution of Cell-Wall Architecture”. Current Biology. 19 (2): Pp 169–75
26. Mesfin, A. 1998. Nature and management of Ethiopian soils. Alemaya University of Agriculture. Ethiopia. Pp 272.
27. MoA (Ministry of Agriculture), 2000. Agroecological Zonation’s of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
28. Mohammed, A., 2003. Land suitability evaluation in the Jelo catchments of Chercher Highlands (Ethiopia). A PhD Thesis presented to University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
29. Mugendi, D. N, Waswa, B. S, and Mucheru-Muna and Kimetu JM., 2011. Startegies to adapt, disseminate and scale out legume based technologies. Pp. 85-116.
30. Olsen, S.R. and Sommer, L.E., 1982. Phosphorus. Methods of Soil Analysis. In: Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R. (eds) Agronomy Vol. 9, Part II. Am. Soc. Agron, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., Madison. WI. Pp. 403-430.
31. Orwa C, A Mutua, Kindt R, Jamnadass R, S Anthony. 2009 Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0
32. Palm, C.A. and A.P. Rowland, 1997. A Minimum Data Set for Characterization of Plant Decomposition. In: Driven by Nature: Plant Litter Quality and Decomposition, Cadisch, G. and K.E. Giller (Eds.). 28: Pp: 379-390.
33. Palm, C.A. and Sanchez, P.A., 1990. Decomposition and nutrient release patterns of the leaves of three tropical legumes. Biotropica. 22: Pp 330-338.
34. Parton W, et al., 2007. Global-scale similarities in nitrogen release patterns during long-term decomposition. Science. 315:361–364.
35. Probert, M. E., Delve, R. J., Kimaniand, S. K., and Dimes, J. P., 2004. “Modelling Nitrogen Mineralization from Manures: Representing Quality Aspects by Varying C:N Ratio of Sub-Pools.” Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 37 (2): Pp 279-87.
36. Reeuwijk, L.P, 2002. Procedures for Soil Analysis.6th Edition. Technical Paper/International Soil Reference and Information Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
37. Reganold J, Elliott L. and Unger Y., 1987. Long-term effects of organic and conventional farming on soil erosion, Nature 330: Pp 370 – 372
38. Rochette, P., Angers, DA., and Cote, D., 2000. Soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics following applications of pig slurry for the 19thconsecutive years: I. Carbon dioxide fluxes and microbial biomass carbon. Soil Sci Soc Am. 64:1389–1395
39. Rovira P. and Vallejo V. R.,2002. “Labile and recalcitrant pools of carbon and nitrogen in organic matter decomposing at different depths in soil: an acid hydrolysis approach,” Geoderma, vol. 107, no. 1-2, pp. 109–141.
40. Sakala, W. D., Cadisch, G., and Giller, K. E. 2000. “Interactions between Residues of Maize and Pigeonpea and Mineral N Fertilizers during Decomposition and N Mineralization.” Soil. Biol. Biochem. 32: 679-88.
41. Sangiga, N and P.L. Woomer, 2009. Integrated soil fertility management in Africa: Principles, practices and development process. Tropical soil biology and fertility program of the CIAT, Nairobi. 263pp.
42. Schomberg, H.H., S. Wietholter, T.S. Griffin, D.W. Reeves, M.L. Cabrera, D.S. Fisher., 2009. Assessing indices for predicting nitrogen mineralization in soils under different management systems. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 73: Pp 1575–1586.
43. Shi, J., 2013. “Decomposition and Nutrient Release of Different Cover Crops in Organic Farm Systems”. Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources.
44. Srisuda, T., Banyong, T., Patma, V., Aran, P., and Georg, C. 2008. “Interactions in Decomposition and N Mineralization between Tropical Legume Residue Components.” Agrof. Syst. 72 (2): Pp 137-48.
45. Stump, L.M. and Binkley, D., 1993. Relationship between litter quality and nitrogen availability in Rock Mountain forests, Can. J. Forest Res.,23: Pp 492-502
46. Swarup, A., 1987. Effects of preemergence and green manuring (Sesbania aculata) on nutrition and yield of wetland rice (Oryza sativa, L.) on sodic soil. Biol. Fertil. Soils, 5: Pp 203-208
47. Taylor, B.R., Parsons, W.F.J. and Parkinson, D., 1989b. Decomposition of Populus tremuloides leaf litter accelerated by addition of Alnus crispa litter. Can. J. forestry. Res. 19: Pp 674–679
48. Teklay, T., Nordgren, A., Nyberg, G., and Malmer, A. 2007. “Carbon Mineralization of Leaves from Four Ethiopian Agroforestry Species under Laboratory and Field Conditions.” Appl. Soil Ecol. 35 (1): Pp 193-202.
49. Tian, G., Kang, B.T. and Brussaard, L., 1992. Biological effect of plant residues with contrasting chemical compositions under humid tropical conditions—decompositions and nutrient release. Soil Biol Biochem 24: Pp 1051–1060
50. Toberman, H., Laiho,R. . Evans C. D et al., 2010. “Long-term drainage for forestry inhibits extracellular phenol oxidase activity in Finnish boreal mire peat,” European Journal of Soil Science. 61: 6, pp. 950–957.
51. Walkley, A., and Black, I.A., 1934. An examination of the digestion method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 34: Pp 29-38.
52. Watson, C.A., D. Atkinson, P. Gosling, L.R. Jackson and F.W. Rayns. 2002. Managing soil fertility in organic farming systems. Soil Use and Management 18: Pp 239-247.
53. Werner, MR., 1997. Soil Quality characteristics during conversion to organic orchard management. Appl. Soil Ecol., 5: Pp 151-167.
54. Yamoah, C.H., A.A. Agboola and K. Mulongoy, 1986. Decomposition, nitrogen release and weed control by prunings of selected alley cropping shrubs. Agrofor. Syst. 4: Pp 234-246.
55. Zaharah, A.R. & A.R. Bah. 1999. Patterns of decomposition and nutrient release by fresh Gliricidia (Gliricidia sepium) leaves in an Ultisol. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 55: 269–277.
56. Zhang D, Hui D, Luo Y, Zhou G., 2008. Rates of litter decomposition in terrestrial ecosystems: global patterns and controlling factors. J Plant Ecol 1: Pp 85