Research Article of Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Reviews
Knowledge and Perceptions of Pharmacy Students about Pharmacovigilance in Oman
1Noof Ali Salim Al-Shekaili, 1 Sujith Haridass, 2Mohamed Azmi Hassali, 2Ahmed Ibrahim Nouri
*1School of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy and Nursing, University of Nizwa
2School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia , Pulau Penang, 11800, Malaysia
Background: In the modern world, patient safety and the safe use of medicines are of a high priority. Huge competition exists among pharmaceutical manufacturers resulting in medicinal products being registered and marketed in many countries simultaneously. Because of this, adverse drug reactions (ADR) may not always be readily identified or monitored systematically. In order to minimize or prevent harm to patients arising from their drugs, pharmacists can play a vital role in both ADR reporting and pharmacovigilance activities. Rates of ADR reporting can be improved by promoting awareness of its importance and the procedures for doing so, and this is best done during undergraduate pharmacy education. Pharmacy students must be trained well on how to recognize, prevent, and report ADRs. Lack of knowledge about ADR reporting process is associated with negative attitudes towards the pharmacovigilance.
Objectives: We aim in this study to assess pharmacy students’ knowledge and perception towards pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reaction reporting.
Methodology: a Cross-sectional study was conducted between in the period of February 2017 to April 2017 using a self-administered questionnaire to a sample population of 118 pharmacy students from University of Nizwa and Oman Medical College. Univariate analysis was done to the collected data.
Results: The response rate of the survey was 79%. The study revealed that mean knowledge score of the pharmacy students for pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting was 8.65 (±2.91) Significant differences in the mean score of the knowledge in domains of study institution and nationality of the pharmacy students were observed. Majority of the respondents answered correctly the definitions of pharmacovigilance (61%) and ADRs (55.9%). About 81.35%of the respondents answered correctly about the question related to the required data that should be collected for the assessment of a suspected ADR. Almost 61 % of the pharmacy students had a correct knowledge about the types of ADRs that should report. Almost 65% of the pharmacy students agreed that they can perform ADR reporting during their clerkship/internship program.
Conclusion: Respondents had adequate knowledge on pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting. However, pharmacy students lack an in-depth understanding of concepts about ADR reporting and may require more information on the national pharmacovigilance program and reporting process of ADRs. Educational intervention should be done in order to increase the awareness of pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting process among pharmacy students
Keywords: Pharmacovigilance, Adverse drug reactions, Knowledge, Perception, students
How to cite this article:
Sujith Haridass, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Noof Ali Salim Al-Shekaili, Ahmed Ibrahim Nouri. Knowledge and Perceptions of Pharmacy Students about Pharmacovigilance in Oman.Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Reviews, 2017; 1:1. DOI:10.28933/jprr-2017-11-2401
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