Phytochemical & nutritional of aqueous and ethyl acetate leaf extracts of alchornea cordifolia

Phytochemical and nutritional evaluation of aqueous and ethyl acetate leaf extracts of alchornea cordifolia

1Ebenyi L. N and 2Uraku, A.J

1Department of Biotechnology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki.
2Department of Biochemistry, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki.

Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy-2d Code

Background: Alchornea cordifolia is a strangling shrub or small evergreen plant used by traditional healers to treat different ailments.

Materials and Methods: The evaluation of phytochemical and nutritional contents of aqueous and ethylacetate leaf extracts of Alchornea cordifolia were performed using standard methods.

Results: The results of the phytochemical analysis revealed that both extracts of the plant contained verse amounts of the phytochemiacls in the order of alkaloids> tannins> flavonoids> saponins> phenols>cyanogenic glycosides while the proximate compositions were in the order of moisture> carbohydrates> protein> ash> lipids> crude fibre. Vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, C, E and K were found present in comparable proportions while minerals Ca, K, Fe, Mg, Mn, Cu, Na, Se and Zn were found in the extracts in varying degrees.

Conclusions: The prosperous chemical compositions of A. cordifolia leaf extracts might justify its use in the prevention and treatment of diverse ailments.

Keywords: Alchornea cordifolia, phytochemicals, proximates, vitamins, minerals and diseases

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