Research Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
THE INFLUENCE OF TERATOGENS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MENTAL DISORDERS
RIBEIRO, P.V.C1, JARDIM, A.C.V1, JATOBÁ, V.P1, SILVA NETO, J.F2, SILVA, E.V3, ANJOS, FB1
Medical Student, Federal University of Pernambuco/UFPE1,
Federal Rural University of Pernambuco/UFRPE2
The Mental Disorders (MD) are neuropsychological disorders that are gaining greater prominence in society and have the most widespread etiology sociocultural factors. However, recent surveys indicate that teratogenic agents may also play a role in the genesis of these disorders due to changes that promote on embryonic and fetal development. Among such agents, stand out in the study: Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS); Congenital syphilis; alcohol; drugs such as thalidomide, valproic acid and SSRI; hypervitaminosis of retinoic acid. Another recent study line is responsible for relating the mother’s exposure to psychological stress during pregnancy to the onset of mental disorders such as schizophrenia, attention deficit, hyperactivity and anxiety in their children. The aim of this paper was to investigate the origin of various MD, set the embryological basis of individuals who were exposed to teratogens and have developed various types of mental illness.
Keywords: Teratogens. Mental Disorders. Syndromes. Drugs. Environmental Factors.