Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Occupational Therapy Contribution in Health Promotion in School Context: Experience Report
EWERTON MATIAS, E1; FERNANDES, L.O1; SOUZA, M.C.S1; MELO, N.J
Alagoas State University of Health Sciences1
The School Health Program (PSE) of the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education, was established in 2007 by Presidential Decree nº 6.286. Created with efforts by the federal government to build intersectoral policies for the improvement of the population quality of life. PSE aims to contribute to the integral formation of students through promotion, prevention and health care, with a view to addressing the vulnerabilities that compromise the full development of children and teenagers in the public school system3. Thus, the school is perceived as a privileged space for education and health and, therefore, this policy proposes, in short, to expand the role of the school in the process of care, prevention and health education, with a view to contribute to the improvement of the population quality of life through education for citizenship and healt3. According to the Pan American Health Organization OPS (1995), health promotion within school starts with a comprehensive and multidisciplinary vision of the human being, which considers people in their family environment, community, social and environmental. Practices in education and health should consider the different contexts in order to accomplish shared knowledge of buildings sustained by individual and collective stories, with different social roles, producing significant learning and ratifying inclusive ethics. Thus, dimensioning the active participation of many partners / subjects in everyday practices, it is possible to glimpse a school that form critical citizens and informed with skills to act in defense of life and their quality and that should be understood by the health teams of the Family (ESF) in their care strategies. Occupational therapy in school health field acts by applying educational resources (games, conversations, drawings), drive the kids to the theoretical and practical construction of edifying knowledge to respect the item health, seeking their own benefit and others, not only limiting the discharge of knowledge, but always bothering to motivate children to explore learning, always taking care to analyze and assess information on the topics covered with them. The implementation of the project by occupational therapy students occurred in a public school in the municipality of Maceio, capital of the state of Alagoas, specifically Tuesday, featuring 30 minutes to carry out the proposed activities under the guidance of the head teacher, were worked in a playful manner topics related to health care based on the School Health Program. This study aimed to report the life experiences of academic occupational therapy in a municipal school in the city of Maceió, during practical classes of the discipline of occupational therapy applied to public health. Experience report with a descriptive character, developed by graduation students of Occupational Therapy at the State University of Health Sciences of Alagoas, from backed experiences on the recommendations of the School Health Program (PSE), from September to November 2014 with actions that have been developed corresponding to practical requirements of the discipline of Applied Occupational Therapy to Public Health. The activities were carried out with children between the age group of four to six years, aiming to instruct them and guide to be aware about a better quality of life, but also incite in them a desire to be multipliers of health-promoting practices. Lucid and inexpensive materials were used as cartoons, paintings and collage activities, recycling and modeling clay. We selections of topics submitted to the classroom, given the context in which the children then inserted and always aiming for promotion and prevention of health problems. The topics were: health and hygiene, my friend environment, playing with recycling and healthy eating. Taking it always in a playful manner, in an accessible language, always exemplifying and educating the proposed activities. If a child grows up in the midst of a healthy lifestyle, the tendency is to become a healthy adult. Can also educate your family to live in means a higher quality of life. Was visible interaction of children with the proposed themes, they contributed actively in the explanation of each topic debated, relantando situations of everyday life, explaining their habits, those of the family, and also the community in which it operates. We take the information ludiciosa way, Relaxed, insentivando the development of critical thinking and political, indispensable for the construction of personal values, beliefs, concepts, one ways to see the world and crucial to the social production of health. Every explanation of the above topics, the children came more curious and enthusiastic, bringing to us, development reports, in your community, the proposed actions and worked at the school being received in the success of its preventive actions speak. These practices allows a great value knowledge about the role of occupational therapy in the area of public health, providing a broader view of health education in schools. It was through these experiences that we have seen the importance of working with health concepts children as they can be multipliers of knowledge learned in the classroom, taking their knowledge to the community to which they belong.
Keywords: Terapia Occupational, Saúde na Escola e Promoção da Saúde
- Ministério da Saúde. Saúde na escola: Caderno de Atenção Básica. Brasília, 2009. (Série B. Textos Básicos de Saúde; n.24) Ministério da Saúde. Instrutivo PSE – Brasília, 2011. – (Série C. Projetos, programas e relatórios) Portal do Departamento de Atenção Básica. Programa Saúde na Escola (PSE). Disponível em: <httphttp://dab.saude.gov.br/portaldab/pse.php>. Acesso em:30/09/2015.
- Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Caderno do gestor do PSE / Ministério da Saúde, Ministério da Educação. – Brasília: Ministério da Saúde, 2015.68 p.: il.
- Barbieri, A.F; Noma, A.K. Políticas públicas de educação e saúde na escola: apontamentos iniciais sobre o programa saúde na escola (pse). Universidade Estadual de Maringá, jun.2013.