Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Analysis of Contents of School of Body Mass a School of Recife / Pe, Accompanied by the Health Program in Schoo
BARROS, G.P.W.; OLIVEIRA, B.F.A.; SILVA, N.M.; MACIEL, M.F.
University of Pernambuco
According to Argote et al. 2001 obesity is currently the main disease related to nutrition, which affects more best young 20 years. And one important fact among the causes of obesity that deserves attention is that over 9 % of people develop obesity due to nutritional changes and the remaining % are related to other factors. The School Health Program (PSE) is a intersotorial partnership between the Ministries of Health and Education that aims to strengthen health promotion and disease prevention of students from public schools of basic education and build a peaceful environment in schools. The program is structured into three components, one being focused on the evaluation of health conditions, which involves anthropometric status, early incidence of hypertension and diabetes, oral health, eyesight, hearing and psychological assessment of students; in addition to working the dimensions of peacebuilding in school and fight to the different expressions of violence, alcohol and other drugs. The body assessment is fundamental to trace a health profile, especially children and adolescents, who are in physical growth phase and the establishment and maturation of physical activity habits. The aim of the study was to analyze the Mass Index (BMI) of students in a school of Recife / PE. 136 students were analyzed, aged between 5:15 years, both sexes, student of the School Municipal Cecilia Meireles, located in the neighborhood of Macaxeira, Recife / PE. The collection was carried out in 3 days in September 2015. The data were obtained through the collection of anthropometric measurements (weight and height) of the students to calculate the Body Mass Index (BMI), because it is-a method of easy measurement and noninvasive. On anthropometric measurements collected at school, the students were classified as low BMI, normal weight, overweight or obese based on the BMI growth charts by age, as proposed by the World Health Organization. Overweight were characterized children who presented BMI above the 85th percentile, and those with obesity with BMI above the 95th percentile The children were weighed and measured with light clothes and barefoot. The measures were collected by a single evaluator, with aparelhamentos, properly calibrated. For the measurement of weight, we used digital scale, portable, with a capacity of 150 kg and accuracy of 100 g, and the children were instructed to remain upright in the center of the scale, with your arms straight by your sides and without roam. Measurement of height was used estadiometer of 2 meters with accuracy of 0.1 cm, and the child was asked to remain standing with your heels, calves, buttocks and shoulders touching the wall in respiratory apnea during the collection period, remaining the head arranged on the Frankfurt horizontal plane. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences software – SPSS version 17.0. For females the weight averaged 33,1 kg (14.8 min – max 98.7), With an average height of 1,32 m (1.09 min – max 1.68) And BMI medium and 18,01 (12.45 min. – max 34.97). For males the average weight was 33,24 kg (16.2 min. – Max. 81 kg), with an average height of 1.35m (1.08 min. – Max. 1.68) and mean BMI of 17, 57 (10.44 min. – max. 32.93) According to the data obtained for boys 05-09 years old, were found 03 (8.8 %) underweight, 23 (67.6 %) eutrophic, 05 (14.7 %) overweight and 03 (8.8 %) characterized obese. Boys 10-15 years have not found any underweight, 30 (73.2 %) eutrophic, 05 (12.2 %) were overweight and 06 (14.6 %) with obesity. For girls 05-09 years old, were found 05 (13.2 %) underweight, 22 (57.9 %) eutrophic, 07 (18.4 %) overweight and 04 (10.5 %) obese. For girls 10-15 years old, were found 01 (4.3 %) underweight, 13 (56.5 %) were eutrophic, 04 (17.4 %) were overweight and 05 (21.7 %) obese. It was not identified significant differences between boy and girls. We found high index of eutrophic characterized school, which corroborates with the study, but has also been a large index for obesity, this can be explained by the lack of knowledge of students about body issues, food and physical activity. Comparing overweight and obesity prevalence rates with international studies that used the same diagnostic criteria and similar age, coming of overweight and obesity values were found in France. Higher prevalences were found in Chilpancingo / Mexico. These data show that overweight and obesity include both developed and developing countries. The changes in behavior and lifestyle are fundamenteis for the treatment of childhood obesity, which includes changes in eating and physical activity plans. While the vast majority of students is with adequate weight for height, the percentage of obese students is significant, which leads to reflection on the need for effective action on physical activity and healthy lifestyle in schools. Thus, the education and health activities presented by PSE, with the participation of the school community and family health teams, is a strategy for improving the health conditions of school especially at this stage of life where the living habits are not fully consolidated. In order to strengthen the knowledge of body practices and healthy eating habits inside and outside the school environment, so that students have a better quality of life (QOL).
Keywords: BMI; school; Body evaluation; Eutrophic
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