Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Diabetic Foot and Its Self-care: the Integration of Multi Professional Team in Health Education
COSTA, E.M1, FILHO, H.F.F1, SANTANA, V.M.A.G1, LEÃO, V.M1, SANTOS, Y.R1
One of the common complications in diabetic patients is the diabetic foot, a term that has been used to denote the syndrome that affects the feet of people with diabetes mellitus (DM). Tal disease is considered a chronic disease with the highest incidence in the world stage as well the developments needed to prevent its possible complicações¹. According to the Ministry of Health2, 20 % to 25 % of hospitalizations of people with diabetes are due to complications in the feet, 85 % of amputations preceded by ulcers, usually caused by inadequate footwear, which could be prevented with education and self-care adequado². Health education is a process of knowledge exchange and experiences among the population as a whole, including their users and professionals, and each person is valued as an apprentice and educador³. Before the change processes that impact the lives of patients with DM is of great importance the work to be done with health service users and multi-professional team towards a better quality of life for individuals and health promotion. To find in the literature the integration of the multidisciplinary team in health education on the care of the diabetic foot made from self-care. Therefore, propose a reflection-criticism on the subject for adoption of new practices for improving assistance to users and prevention of complications, especially to amputations caused by diabetic foot. This is a literature review conducted by the search of indexed articles in SCIELO online database, available in the Virtual Library of Health, through the website (www.bireme.br), which provides technical and scientific articles in health, hand the Ministry of Health and Public Health Journals. As the eligibility criteria, the references that were designed to study self-care, diabetes mellitus and diabetic foot in the last five years. Note that people with diabetes need to be supported to make necessary changes in your lifestyle and instructed on how to do it. The integration of the multidisciplinary team in health education encourages self-care not only in carriers of the disease as well as their caregivers, who assist in daily care, and the health team, which aims to provide assistance to better quality and resolution, avoiding amputation diabetic foot. It is therefore important that the multidisciplinary team work in health education with users, aiming the discussion on the topic and answering questions, making the carrier DMatue responsibly, assuming its role as an active subject in lifestyle changes.Thus, reduction of complications can be involved in this disease, like diabetic foot.
Keywords: diabetic; Cheers; multi.
- Couto, T. A. et al. “HEALTH EDUCATION, PREVENTION AND DIABETIC FOOT CARE: AN EXPERIENCE REPORT.” Bahia Journal of Public Health 38.3 (2015): 760-768.
- Brasil. Ministry of Health. Department of Health Care. Department of Primary Care. Diabetes Mellitus. Brasilia: Ministry of Health, 2013.
- Silva, the PMM; Juliani, CMCM Health Education. University of São Paulo (UNESP). São Paulo, 2010.
- Silva RCL, Figueiredo NMA, Meireles IB, Costa MM, Silva CRL. Wounds: foundations and updates in nursing. São Caetano do Sul: Yendis Publisher; 2011