Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Everybody Has a Family: What About the Homeless Adolescents?
SILVA, B.K1; BEZERRA, W.C1; CAVALCANTE, V.M.S1; LEMOS, R.C.R1; TAVARES, T.S.S.P1, BARBOSA, F.D.S1.
This study is a result of a research done with homeless adolescents in Maceio-AL, 2015. The aim of this study was to identify the existence of family relationships in their lives. The study was a qualitative and exploratory research which the data came from a semistructured interview, a sample characterization form and a work field diary. The data was analyzed through the content analysis method. A large proportion of the sample were males aging between 12 and 17 years old. The results were categorized in two subjects: the existence or not of family relationships and the quality of these family relationships. In the first one, it was identified a variety of narratives which allowed subdividing this subject in those who maintain frequently family relationships, the ones who maintain sporadically family relationships and the ones who does not maintain family relationships. In the second subject, it was observed that when the family relationship exists, they can be categorized in good, unstable and bad relationships. It was observed that the majority of the homeless adolescents were not abandoned or alone, but they were maintaining some familiar reference nearby, considering less relevant the abandonment idea1,3. Nevertheless, conflict situations at home can decrease or weaken the family relationship which can result in home abandonment by this youth. It is highlighted that conflict and rupture situations occur due to the social place that these family occupy, running out of their control and leaving family members disorientated. They are left without the necessary support to build good family references3. The research highlights the necessity of rupturing the idea that homeless adolescents do not have family relationships or familiar reference because even if these relationships are not strong enough to take them out of the homelessness, these relationships still present in their speech. The homeless situation is determined by social and structural factors that run out of these adolescents and their family’s control. The homelessness trajectory reveals that this process begins with the scarcity of material goods, social and affective at home. This condition weakens families’ protective capacity and triggers ruptures that take to disaffiliation.
Keywords: Adolescent, Family, Homeless.
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