Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Health Education on the Attention Patient Oncological Tracheostomy, an Experience Report th
COSTA, E.M1; FERREIRA FILHO, H.F1; SANTANA, V.M.A.G1; PESSOA, V.M.L1; SOARES, L.H.M1; SANTOS, L.F.P.B1
Head and neck cancer is considered a worldwide public health problem, especially in developing countries, where it is among the ten most frequent types of cancer in the world¹. The removal of the lesion impairs the self-image, causes psychological sequelae and sensory and functional deficits². In addition to these reactions we have to deal with new adaptations from the surgery that will occur in the daily routine. A tracheostomy is a surgical procedure that involves the opening of the trachea to the outside, in order to overcome a mechanical obstruction of the upper airway, reducing airway resistance, allowing ventilation through this pathway and also facilitating removal of tracheobronchial secretions in excess³. It is aimed to describe the health education activities carried out with tracheostomy patient. This study it is an experience report, held at the radiotherapy department of a private hospital in the state of Alagoas, Brazil, and addresses health education in patient care with head and neck cancer who underwent tracheostomy. It was observed that the educational activities are present in all assignments of the multidisciplinary team, and in this sector information is transmitted effectively, so the decrease in the incidence of xerostomia, mucositis and oral infections was remarkable due to improvement in oral hygiene. This report is part of the description of an educational activity for the purpose of raising awareness on the prevention of diseases resulting from prolonged use of tracheostomy. In terms of methodology, it can be considered that the use of the banner and the conversation wheel as an educational resource, increase the possibility of the listener-patient interaction with the health team and increased its bond with the service, making it available possible assistance interventions. So, it was possible to see that continuing education activities are of great importance in assisting tracheostomy patients who possess great power of resoluteness when associated with health staff and the accountability of the patient.
Keywords: Health education, tracheostomy, head and neck neoplasms
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