Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Occupational Therapy Intervention in Hospital Area With Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus
NEVES, R.S1; NASCIMENTO, A.L.S.S1; RÊGO, D.B1, SILVA, G.M1; QUEIROZ, S.B1.
This report discusses the experience of Occupational Therapy students at Dr. Hélvio Auto School Hospital (HEHA) in Maceió, Alagoas State capital. The hospital is intended to care for patients with infectious diseases coming from all over the state, such as leprosy, plague, cholera, malaria and others. The experience took place between September and October 2015, a total of four meetings as part of the practical lessons of a discipline at the Occupational Therapy course of UNCISAL. It was decided to carry out cognitive activities with patients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as an intervention instrument, which was divided into three stages: presentation and decisions about the activities, patient assessments and results discussion. All decisions regarding service (approach, assessment, enforcement activities, etc.) were discussed and defined with the participation of all those involved (students, patients and teacher). It was concluded that the application of cognitive activities characterized a favorable intervention enabling autonomy, interpersonal relationships, exchange of information, free expression of ideas, creativity stimulation, interests and life story recovery.It is noticed that, from the occupational therapy intervention, there is an improvement in the mood minimizing disruptions in functional and occupational performance as the emotional conditions resulting from hospitalization facilitate interpersonal relationships between the patient and the society. Throughout the practice, it was perceives the rescue of roles and occupational performance, promotion and preservation of self-esteem feelings, recognition and appreciation. The experience enabled the students the understanding of the occupational therapy role under the Hospital as well as the place and significance of the activity in this space, understanding it as a humane and relational actitude, encouraged by historical, cultural and social factors.
Keywords: occupational therapy, HIV-AIDS, activity.
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