Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Private Lives in Public Spaces: People in Street Situation and Possibilities of Intervention of Occupational Therapy
FIRMINO, G.C.S1, BEZERRA, W.C1, JAVARROTTI, E.S1, MELO, J.V.M1, CALHEIROS, P.F.F1, SILVA, R.G.L1
Alagoas State University of Health Sciences
Currently, millions of people homeless and live in Brazilian cities worldwide, setting a collective problem of universal dimension, which has challenged state power to provide solution to reverse this situation of extreme social exclusion. For a long time, this population has been invisible before the public policies being excluded from formal research taking as a basis for analysis unit the home, making it even little known in Brazil (Silva, 2009). This paper presents part of the results of a survey that aimed to draw a profile of the population living on the streets who attends a hostel from the public welfare of the city of Maceió, AL, identifying possible intervention demands for therapy occupational. This is a qualitative study with 37 subjects users of a hostel through semi structured interviews and data were analyzed using content analysis technique. Upon completion of the analysis revealed three major themes, namely: The fragility or rupture of belonging ties as determinants of homelessness; The nuances of life on the street; Overcoming homelessness as an (im) possibility. It was identified that the studied population has unique characteristics such as the loss of family bonds and unemployment as determinants of return higher for the street; local constraints to perform self-care and food; experiences of discrimination and violence; restricting access to social policies; informality and precarious work. The findings corroborate existing studies (BRAZIL, 2009), showing that this is a heterogeneous population, but guarding particular as regards the disruptions that occur in life, everyday organization and the prospects for overcoming this situation or not. The process of entering and living on the streets are part of the social complexity of the phenomenon in question, which places demands on the occupational therapist in the social field. The complexity of the issues raised and demands require the creation of interdisciplinary and intersectoral action, in which the occupational therapist can enter developing projects aimed at rescuing the social rights of these people and promote greater social participation.
Keywords: Street Population, Social Vulnerability, Occupational Therapy
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