Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
The Use of the Activity in the Practices of the Curricular Internship Required for Students of Occupational Therapy
ONÓRIO, J.L.S1; BEZERRA, W.C1; SANTOS, E.M.S1; SILVA, E.N.
State University of Sciences of Alagoas
The use of human activity as a tool in the practice of the occupational therapist starts since the origins of the profession and is the centralizing element of professional intervention currently. The activity is present as a resource in the occupational therapy process, regardless of the theoretical and methodological perspectives adopted by each professional. However, the way the activity is designed and used in this process varies according to such views and process models adopted by the professional and that will guide its intervention. The aim of the study was to investigating the use of activity by students of Occupational Therapy in the mandatory curricular training practices in a public university in the Northeast. This is a field study of a qualitative approach. It was used the semi-structured interview with 13 interns in the second semestre of 2014, being the data analyzed through the technic of Content Analysis. From the content analysis three categories emerged: Activity place in Occupational Therapy; Selection and analysis of the activity; Influence of theoretical and methodological models. It was observed that the activity appears as a central instrument in the occupational therapy process, which is used for specific purposes, from the demands identified by the trainee and / or brought by the patient, with emphasis on maximizing the functionality and well-being of the subjects. Another finding was the selection process and analysis of the activities, which occur from the perception of the individual needs of patients and limited institutional resources. As a last question, it was also discussed the influence of theoretical and methodological models in the use of process activity as a therapeutic resource. We conclude that despite the recognition of the centrality of the activity in the profession, there are weaknesses related to the theoretical and methodological mastering of the applicability of activity as a therapeutic resource, expressed the difficulty in relating their practice to a some specific model, even this being implicit in its speech.
Keywords: Occupational Therapy; Activity; Students