Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Occupational Therapy of Social Actions in a Service of Institutional Home Maceió – Al Municipality
TORRES, M.L.R1; ONÓRIO, J.L.S1; BEZERRA, W.C1
Alagoas State University of Health Sciences1
This report searchs to discuss the experience of academics of Occupational Therapy with children and adolescents in a service of institutional shelter of the Only System of Social Assistance (SUAS) in the city of Maceió, Alagoas. The service integrates Special the Social Protection of high complexity and has the objective to guarantee integral protection the boys who if find without reference, in threat situation whose physical or psychological integrity was violated and that they had needed to be removed of the familiar and/or communitarian nucleus (COUTO et al., 2002). The interventions had occurred between the months of September and October of 2014, in a six total, as part of the practical lessons of the course of Occupational Therapy of the UNCISAL, 20 boys had participated, with ages between 4 and 17 years. Results And Discussion: Initially, to construct bond with the users it was necessary to discover the aspects that them were significant, searching to identify to necessities and common interests to the group. Had to the short time of the intervention and the description of relationary ruptures in the life of the users, it was opted to the use of activities of leisure with the objective to promote the relationary conviviality and exchanges and of affection, transforming differentiated relations and institutional spaces into spaces of shelter and production of life, to the measure that other questions also went being worked (daily organization of the institucional one, elaboration of conflicts, autonomy, creativity, expression, etc.) (ABRATO, 2011). Throughout the experience a gradual improvement of the performance and the abilities of the users inside and outside of the activities proposals was noticed, mainly in the conviviality between them and the autonomy to make choices, rescuing itself it individuality and the capacity to act actively on the way, characteristics these many lost times for the institutionalization and some violence suffered. Final Considerations: The experience allowed to perceive the activities of leisure as potential resources for the social occupational therapist next to the infant-youthful public, a time that favors the approach to the users, the construction of bond and the identification of demands to be worked. Also it was possible to observe the understanding on the use of the activity in the social contexts, understanding it as a dynamic and relationary process, fed for cultural and social factors.
Keywords: Shelter, Occupational Therapy, Activities of Leisure
1. Abrato. Occupational therapy in the Social Assistance, ABRATO – Brazilian Association of the Occupational Therapists, Project METUIA USP/UFSCar, 2011.
2. Couto, B. R. et. al. (orgs.). The Only System of Social Assistance in Brazil: a reality in movement. 3 ed. São Paulo: Cortez, 2012.