The Perception of Occupational Therapy Students Regarding the Training for the Use of Activity

The Perception of Occupational Therapy Students Regarding the Training for the Use of Activity


State University of Sciences of Alagoas1

Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy-2d Code

In the process of training occupational therapists, activity is presented as the centralizing tool and guiding the complex construction of the therapeutic process (FRANCISCO, 2001). It becomes the central theme of training, being discussed in different areas of the curriculum so that it is understood from its conceptual aspect to its use (CRUZ; CAMPOS, 2004). The aim of the study was to investigating the perception of occupational therapy interns on their training for the use of activity in a public university in the Northeast. It is a field study of a qualitative approach, which was conducted with semi-structured interviews with 13 trainees in the second semester of 2014. The data were analyzed using Content Analysis Technique. From the analysis of the data emerged two categories: Curricular Organization and Role of the Preceptor. It was observed that there is a failure in the early years of the course on the content-related activity and for trainees this is due to the curricular organization that does not favor the interdisciplinarity and the relation between theory and practice, the content is transmitted decontextualized practice and with little integration with other disciplines, leading to a misunderstanding of the importance of the activity for the profession. It was noted that this understanding only occurs in the penultimate year of the course, where the practice is more present, which the curriculum meets the applied disciplines. The reasoning about the role of the preceptor, it is noted that while exists the preceptor accompanying the realization, supporting and discussing the activity with the trainees, there is also what does not, leaving to the trainees the responsibility for the activity / service and when making an argument, just do it after the service. It is felt that this position is not accepted by the trainees, who charge more involved and insightful mentors, thus contributing to its best performance.  It is concluded that there are weaknesses in curriculum level and mentoring in the training process for the use of activities that need to be overcome, being interdisciplinary, theory-practice correlation and the greater involvement of the preceptor, the path indicated by the subjects of this research.

Keywords: Curriculum; Vocational Training; Activity; Occupational Therapy

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