Review Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Homeopathy and Mental Health
Dr. Alok Kumar Shukla* & Dr. Papiya Bigoniya
*Department of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy, Radharaman College of Pharmacy, Radharaman Group of Institutions, Bhadbhada Road, Ratibad, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA.
All medicines were derived from natural materials in the ancient time (1). Most of those early medicines are described under the broad heading “herbs,” although that term may prove misleading. Even though people often think of herbs as plants or plant-derived materials, several commonly used items were obtained from animals and minerals. Further, although the term “herbs” suggests something that is beneficial and has little potential for harm, numerous toxic materials were used, such as foxglove, deadly nightshade, and jimson weed (Datura). Herbalists sometimes processed the herbs to change them from their original form. As the science developed the researchers attempted and succeeded to isolate some active constituents from herbs, so that the end products were not as nature presented them. For example, aconite was processed extensively in China to reduce its toxicity so that it could more readily be used, and borneol, the active constituent found in a few tropical plants, was isolated centuries ago in relatively pure form, a translucent crystal, for both internal and external use. The use of potent and toxic substances and the intentional alteration of natural substances are characteristics of production of modern drugs. Thus, some issues that arise today about interactions of herbs and drugs may have already been encountered in earlier times when herbs were combined with each other (2).
The ancient Indian system of Ayurveda is practicing in India since 1500 BC, the main aim of this system is to preservation of normal health and curing the diseased one. Ayurveda has focused on patient safety and benefits. In fact it is known that drug safety is a very basic and fundamental concept in medical practice. The current raised issue with respect to Alternative medicine and Ayurveda is increasing reports of Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) related to herbal medicine (3). This may be due to increase in number of people taking herbal products either as a medicine or as a nutritional supplement. Such reports many a times neglect to identify the cause behind the event which can be pertaining to variety of issues which are already considered in Ayurveda but are neglected many a times either due to ignorance or negligence. There is mis-belief that natural drugs are safe and devoid of toxicity. But this is not true as Ayurveda states that every material in the universe is medicine and thus exerts one or the other therapeutic effect if utilized properly. But injudicious use may alter the action of drug, the intensity of which may be mild to severe or unpredictable. Also activity could be synergistic, decreased, antagonistic action or increase in the bioavailability.
Keywords: Herbal, Drug and Food Interaction
How to cite this article:
Alok Kumar Shukla, Papiya Bigoniya.Homeopathy and Mental Health. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 2016, 1:9. DOI:10.28933/shukla-bigoniya-ijtcm-08-2016
1. Leake CD (1975). An Historical Account of Pharmacology to the Twentieth Century. Charles Thomas, Springfield, IL.
2. Sionneau P, Pao Zhi (1995). An Introduction to the Use of Processed Chinese Medicinals. Blue Poppy Press, Boulder, CO.
3. Ajanal M, Kadam A, Nayak SU (2012). Skin rash on site of application of Dashanga Lepa (polyherbal formulation): a rare and unexpected drug reaction. Ancient Science Life 31:129-131.
4. Acharya JT (2006). “Chikitsastana” Charaka Samhita. 5th ed. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan. Pp.647, 412, 138-150, 22, 234, 276, 702,693,704, 247.
5. Ambikadatta SS (1995). Rasaratnasamucchaya of Rasa Vagbhata. 9th ed. Varanasi: Chaukhambaa Marabharati Prakashan. pp. 62-79.
6. Acharya YT (2005). “Sutra Stana” Sushruta Samhita. 8th ed. Varanasi: Choukhamba orientalia. pp. 96, 185, 85, 43, 505, 469, 488, 529, 456.
7. Annapoorna A, Anilakumar RK, Farhath Khanum, Anjaneya MN, Bawa S (2010). Studies on physicochemical characteristics of heated honey, honey mixed with ghee and their food consumption pattern by rats. AYU 31:141-145.
8. Tripathi B (2007). Acharya charaks ’ Charak Samhita. Varanasi: Chowkhamba Surbharati Prakashan.
9. Srikanthamurthy KR (2008). Sushruta’s Sushruta Samhita. Varanasi: Chaukhamba Orientalia.
10. Chan K (1995). The effects of danshen on warfarin pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of warfarin enantiomers in rats. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 47(5): 402-406.
11. Yu CM, Chan JC, Sanderson JE (1997). Chinese herbs and warfarin potentiation by danshen. Journal of Internal Medicine 241(4): 337-339.
12. Qureshi S, Al Diab A, Al-Anazi AF, et al., (2012). Negative aspects of the beneficial herbs: an overview. Journal of Herbal Medicine and Toxicology 6:1-14.
13. Pyevich D, Bogenschutz MP (2001). Herbal diuretics and lithium toxicity. American Journal of Psychiatry 158:1329.
14. Dandekar UP, Chandra RS, Dalvi SS, et al., (1992). Analysis of a clinically important interaction between phenytoin and shankhapushpi, an Ayurvedic preparation. Journal Ethnopharmacology 35:285-288.
15. Aggarwal BB, Ichikawa H, Garodia P, Weerasinghe P, Sethi G, Bhatt ID, et al., (2006). From traditional Ayurvedic medicine to modern medicine: identification of therapeutic targets for suppression of inflammation and cancer. Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets 10:87-118.
16. Sandhya P, Grampurohit ND (2004). Interaction of iron and embelin in Ayurvedic formulations. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 66:739-44.
17. Annapoorani A, Anilakumar KR, Khanum F, Anjaneya Murthy N, Bawa AS (2010). Studies on the physicochemical characteristics of heated honey, honey mixed with ghee and their food consumption pattern by rats. AYU 31:141-6.
18. Bansal V (2000). “Lohasevane varjaneeyani”: their effect on metabolism of Lohabhasma [dissertation]. National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur.
19. Ambalpady A (2011). An experimental evaluation of the impacts of masha as an apathya in the hematinic activity of lauha bhasma [dissertation]. Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore.
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.