Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research
Vulnerability of the fishery-based households to the impact of climate change in Rift valley lakes of Ethiopia: Chamo & Hawassa
Hiwot Teshome*, Esayas Alemayehu* and Abebe Cheffo*
*Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, National Fishery and aquatic life research center P.O.Box 64, Sebeta
This study examines the vulnerability of fishery-based households in Ethiopian rift valley lakes Chamo and Hawassa. The vulnerability assessment approach used vulnerability indicator method which is composed of both biophysical and socioeconomic indicators of fishery-based households. The indicators selected were classified into exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to give weight to the vulnerability indicators. The result shows that the fishery-based households around Lake Chamo are more vulnerable to climate change than in Lake Hawassa. The result of this study stresses the immediate need for appropriate adaptation and/or mitigation measures to help the livelihood of the fishermen in the study areas. The results of this study should be considered for future decision making when mitigation and adaptation mechanisms are selected.
Keywords: Vulnerability, fishery-based households, climate change, rift valley lakes