Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews
Pyramid Power in Colors
Seock-Ho Kim, Mi-Ran Kim, Naanhee K. Kim, and Yoonhee K. Kim
The University of Georgia
The infamous ‘pyramid’ question on the Math section of the Preliminary Scholastic Aptitude Test (PSAT) was reconsidered. Illustrations in colors are presented with a new possible scoring key. Some practical consequential issues are discussed.
Keywords: item analysis, scoring errors, test validity.
How to cite this article:
Seock-Ho Kim, Mi-Ran Kim, Naanhee K. Kim, and Yoonhee K. Kim. Pyramid Power in Colors. American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2018,3:23. DOI: 10.28933/ajerr-2018-05-0303
1. Antonick, G. (2013, September 23). The pyramid problem. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://wordplay.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/09/23/pyramid-2/? r=0
2. Bock, R. D., Mislevy, R. J., & Thissen, D. (1991). Item response theory. Unpublished Manuscript.
3. Fiske, E. B. (1981, March 17). Youth outwits Merit Exam, raising 240,000 scores. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/1981/03/17/us/youth-outwits-merit-exam-raising-240000-scores.html
4. Jurgensen, R. C., Donnelly, A. J., & Dolciani, M. P. (1965). Modern geometry. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin.
5. Oderwald, R. G. (1983). Searching for an error in test scoring (Letters to the Editor; Reply by H. Wainer). The American Statistician, 37, 351-352.
6. Student Finds Third PSAT Answer. (1981, April 4). Harvard Crimson. Retrieved October 30, 2017, from http://www.thecrimson.com/article/1981/4/4/student-finds-third-psat-answerpa/
7. Thissen, D., & Orlando, M. (2001). Item response theory for items scored in two categories. In D. Thissen & H. Wainer (Eds.), Test scoring (pp. 73-140). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
8. Wainer, H. (1981). Pyramid power: Searching for an error in test scoring with 830,000 helpers. (ETS Report No. RR-81-27). Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.
9. Wainer, H. (1983). Pyramid power: Searching for an error in test scoring with 830,000 helpers. The American Statistician, 37, 87-91.
10. Wainer, H. (1989). The future of item analysis. Journal of Educational Measurement, 26, 191-208.