Diplomatic Victory of the Kosovo Liberation Army


Diplomatic Victory of the Kosovo Liberation Army


Dr. Lulzim Nika

Member of the Organization of American Historians


In the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Serbian nationalism played a crucial role with the project of creating a greater Serbia, using military violence to achieve the goal of this project. The northern republics such as Slovenes, Croats and Kosovo Albanians had the strongest reaction against this project, since after the first pluralist elections in Yugoslavia, political parties seeking independence from Belgrade came to the helm of these republics. The actions of national movements of the Slovenians, Croats, Bosnians, Kosovo Albanians, Macedonians and Montenegrins for independence, have been a reaction to the project of Serbian nationalism for the creation of a greater Serbia. In these new circumstances created in the Yugoslav federation, Kosovo Albanians profiled the demands for a sovereign and independent state of Kosovo, legitimizing it with the referendum held under conditions of occupation and with a sovereign vote for the independence of Kosovo.
Despite the creation of some parallel institutions such as education and the obedience of Western diplomacy for a peaceful solution to the Kosovo issue. This was not achieved until an armed resistance from Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) started in Kosovo, that the Kosovo issue was imposed on the diplomacies with international influence to start taking important decisions towards the solution to the Kosovo issue.
Due to the KLA war, the contact group took the historical decision to organize an international conference in Rambouillet of France, with a concrete peaceful plan for Kosovo. Rambouillet’s decisions were rejected by the Yugoslav government, thus forcing NATO military intervention to stop crimes against Albanian civilians by Serb forces. The efforts of the Kosovo Albanians to get out of the Serbian occupation had been imposed, even though as such they were insufficient to achieve success for nearly a century, but due to the international diplomacy and the sacrifice of the Albanian national movement, Kosovo Freedom was achieved.


Keywords: Diplomacy, Kosovo, Rambouillet, Yugoslavia, Kosovo Liberation Army, Albania, Serbia

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Lulzim Nika. Diplomatic Victory of the Kosovo Liberation Army. American Journal of History and Culture, 2021,4:18. DOI: 10.28933/ajhc-2021-06-1606


References:

1. Yugoslavia Transformed, 18 October 1990 (Continued…) Director of Central Intelligence NIE 15-90 Yugoslavia Transformed Information available as of 18 October 1990 was used in the preparation of this National Intelligence Estimate. The following intelligence organizations participated in the pre­para­tion of this Estimate: The Central Intelligence Agency The Defense Intelli­gence Agency The National Security Agency The Bureau of Intelligence and Research. Department of State also participating: The Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of the Army The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelli­gence. Department of the Air Force This Estimate was approved for publica­tion by the National Foreign Intelligence Board
2. Directorate of Intelligence Intelligence Memorandum Office of European Analysis 5 January 1993 Albanian Armed Forces: Unprepared for Confronta­tion with Serbia
3. INDEPENDENT, Carrington on mission to avert war in Kosovo,21 jul 1992, Diplomatic Editor
4. James Pettifer, Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës, Nga një luftë e fshehtë në një kryengritje të Ballkanit 1948-2001 f.127, Shtëpia Botuese Onufri, Tiranë,2013.
5. Human Rights Watch Raporti Botëror botuar 1996-Kosova.
6. Arkivi i Ministrisë së Punëve të Jashtme e Republikës së Shqipërisë, Fondi Kosova në vitin1991/92,Dosja, nr 1609, B. 1608,V11/2
7. Directorate of Intelligence Intelligence Memorandum Office of European Ana­lysis 5 January 1993 Albanian Armed Forces: Unprepared for Confron­ta­tion with Serbia
8. Intelligence Report DCI Interagency Balkan Task Force 21 December 1995 Balkan Conflict Spillover Unlikely in Near Term Kosovo.
9. MEMORANDUM FOR: The Director of Central Intelligence FROM: Acting Director of DCI Interagency Balkan Task Force SUBJECT: Principals’ Committee Meeting, 15 August, 1530, 1996,White House Situation Room The Principals may discuss whether to reissue Bush’s Christmas demarche on Kosovo in which the US threatened to bomb the Serbs if there was a severe crackdown in Kosovo. Strobe Talbott described Kosovo as being of “supreme national interest to the US.”
10. Akademia e Shkencave e Shqipërisë, Kosova në vështrim enciklopedik, vep. e cit., f.132.
11. James Pettifer, Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës, Nga një luftë e fshehtë në një kryengritje të Ballkanit 1948-2001 f.317,318, Shtëpia Botuese Onufri, Tira­në,2013.
12. Volfgang Petritsch, Robert Pihler, Rruga e gjatë në luftë, vep. e cit., f. 86.
13. Government of the Republic of Kosova, 38000 Prishtinë, Kosova, 25 May 1993, The Honorable Bill Klinton President The United States of America Washington, D.C, Prime Minister Kosova Dr.Bujar Bukoshi,DTG252/302
14. Po aty, f.88.
15. www.Rubikoni.com, KTV, intervistë, Xhavit Haliti, 2011.
16. Deklerata e Fehmi Lladrovcit për BBC në: Do të ishte nder madh,të vdes për Kosovën, Maj 1998, BBC
17. Instituti i Historisë-Prishtinë, Kumtesë në Konferencën shkencore ndër¬kom¬bëtare Jasharajt dhe lufta çlirimtare mars 2018, Paskal Milo (ish- Ministër i Punëve të Jashtme të Shqipërisë) Mars 2018
18. Joschka Fischer, Vitet kuq-gjelbër, vep. e cit., f. 100.
19. National Security Council, Washington D.C, Meeting of the NSC Principals Committee on Kosovo Date: June 19, 1998,.Subject: Summary of Conclusion of Principals Committee on Kosovo
20. Akademia e Shkencave e Shqipërisë, Kosova në vështrim enciklopedik, vep. e cit.,f. 35.
21. Edita Tahiri, Konferenca e Rambujesë,vep. e cit., f. 23.
22. Paskal Milo, Kosova nga Rambuje në pavarësi, “Toena”, Tiranë, 2009, f. 72.
23. Ramë Buja, Çështja e Kosovës dhe shkatërrimi i Jugosllavisë, vep. e cit., f. 313.
24. Jakup Krasniqi, Kthesa e madhe, “Buzuku”, Prishtinë, 2006, f. 20.
25. Jakup Krasniqi, Kthesa e Madhe, vep. e cit., f. 24.
26. Bill Klinton, Jeta ime,“Dudaj”, Tiranë, 2005, f. 712.
27. Volfgang Petritsch, Robert Pihler, vep. e cit., f. 129.
28. National Archives and Record Administration William J Klinton Presidencial Library, Little Rock, AR, USA, ID, Nuber, 1706, ducument ID Kosovo, Presidential Brifinng, Material and Background information, oct-98
29. Shaqir Vukaj, Rusia dhe Kosova, “Enriko Koço’’, Tiranë, 2007, f. 193.
30. Marc Weller, Shtetësia e kontestuar, vep. e cit., f. 160.
31. Volfgang Petritsch, Robert Pihler, Rruga e gjatë në luftë, vep. e cit., f. 110.
32. Joschka Fischer, Vitet kuq-gjelbër, vep. e cit., f. 116.
33. Volfgang Petritsch, Robert Pihler, Rruga e gjatë në luftë,vep. e cit., f. 140
34. Jakup Krasniqi, Kthesa e madhe, vep. e cit., f. 24.
35. Blerim Shala, Libri i Fitores,vellimi i parë, Koha,2012, f.116
36. National Security Council, Washington D.C, Meeting of the NSC Principals Committee on Kosovo. Date: Jun19, 1998.Subject: Summary of Conclusion of Principals Committee on Kosovo
37. Dario Malnar, SHBA-ja dhe Kosova,Koha, Prishtinë, 2013, f.176
38. Christopher R. Hill, Outpost Life on the Frontlines of American Diplomacy, Simon & Schuster, New York, f.143,144.


Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details).



This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.