American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews

Application of Artificial Intelligence in Breast Medical Imaging Diagnosis

Review Article of American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews Application of Artificial Intelligence in Breast Medical Imaging Diagnosis Yao Xiao1*, Yiyuan Qu1, Tingting Wu1 1College of Medicine, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. According to the latest report on urban cancer in China published in 2017: China is one of the countries with the fastest growing incidence of breast cancer, and the age of onset has gradually become younger. Newly diagnosed breast cancer patients in China account for 12.2% of new breast cancer patients worldwide, and the mortality rate is 9.6%. A large amount of clinical experience has proven that the survival rate of breast cancer detected at an early stage is significantly higher than that detected at an advanced stage. Imaging examination is an important method for early detection of breast cancer. With the advent of the Artificial Intelligent, the method of AI + medical imaging has been widely used in lungs, breasts, heart, skull, liver, prostate, bones and other parts. Methods used in breast cancer screening include: breast self-examination and clinical physical examination, mammography of mammography of the breast, ultrasound of the breast, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast. The advantages and disadvantages have been reflected in the development and application in recent years. This article will review the advantages and disadvantages of combined diagnosis of AI and breast medicine. It is hoped that the artificial intelligence of medical imaging screening for breast diseases has a brighter and broader prospect. Keywords: Breast; Medical imaging; Artificial intelligence (AI); Advantages and disadvantages ...

Review on breast cancer immunotherapy

Review Article of American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews Review on breast cancer immunotherapy Selamawit Fentahun Ali School of Veterinary Medicine, Wollo University Cancer immunotherapy consists of approaches that modify the host immune system, and/or the utilization of components of the immune system for treatment and prevention of cancer. Eventhough breast cancer has historically not been considered a favorable target for immunotherapies as compared to those solid tumors such as melanoma and renal cell carcinoma, several preclinical and clinical studies have provided important insights and clinical data that support its potential to improve clinical outcomes for patients with breast cancer. In addition, the recent definition of tumor-specific immunity in breast cancer patients and the identification of several breast cancer antigens has generated enthusiasm for the application of immune based therapies to the treatment of breast malignancies. In general, immunotherapies can be considered either non-specific, such as cytokine, or tumor specific for example a vaccine that targets breast cancer tumor antigens. Current immunotherapeutic approaches either through immunization of the patient (e.g., by administering a cancer vaccine), in which case the patient’s own immune system is trained to recognize tumor cells as targets to be destroyed, or through the administration of therapeutic antibodies as drugs, in which case the patient’s immune system is recruited to destroy tumor cells by the therapeutic antibodies, Cell based immunotherapy is another major entity of cancer immunotherapy. The review concluded that immunotherapeutic approaches combined with novel sequences of chemotherapies, radiation, and immunomodulating agents hold promise for enhancing the treatment of breast cancer. Keywords: immunotherapy, monoclonal antibodies, cytokine, breast cancer, immune system and cancer vaccines ...

Research progress of cervical cancer

Review Article of American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews Research progress of cervical cancer Xizi Yan1*, Lijuan Li1, Qian Zhang2, Chengming Yang3 1College of Medicine, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. 2College of Arts & Communication, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. 3College of Hydraulic & Environmental Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002 Cervical cancer is a common malignant tumor of the female reproductive system. Its incidence is second only to breast cancer, and it is gradually becoming younger. Because it has great harm to women’s physical and mental health, and its related research has been the focus of public attention, we decided to conduct research on the pathogenesis, prevention and intervention, detection methods, treatment methods, and postoperative effects of cervical cancer Summary discussion. Keywords:Cervical cancer; Pathogenesis preventive intervention; Testing method; Treatment method ...


Research Article of American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews BIOACTIVITY OF Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) Agardh (1817) IN METABOLISM AND VASCULOGENE OF TUMOR CELLS Evandro Valentim da Silva1*, Eunice Ribeiro2, Wagnaer Mateus Vaz da Silva1, Dazziane Farias Santos1, Renê Rodrigues Melo2, Márcia Raquel Cedrim Vieira2, Danielle Maria Bastos de Souza3, José Ferreira Silva Neto3, George Chaves Jimenez3, Ivone Antonia de Souza1 and Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos1. Federal University of Pernambuco1, Universitaria City, Recife, PE, Brazil. Northern College of Parana, Brazil2. University Federal Rural of Pernambuco, Brazil3. Among many mechanisms, stimulation of angiogenesis leads to increased secretion of vaso-inducing factors and decreased inhibitors. The present study evaluated the interference of Caulerpa taxifolia hydroalcoholic (EHA - 50 μg / mL) and methanolic (EM - 50 μg / mL) extracts in energy metabolism and Angiogenesis of embryos of Gallus gallus domestic L. Rhode Island Red Eggs Red of four lots, were incubated at 37º C, with automatic turning, for the study of energy metabolism and angiogenesis. The groups were distributed and divided into control groups, treated EHA (50 μg / mL) and ME (50 μg / mL), and control enriched with ω-3, with and without tumor. In the 288 hour stage, development was halted. The vessels were quantified and characterized morphologically and the embryos photographed, fixed and processed. The results of energetic metabolism indicated that there was no significant difference between control and normal treated groups, however, animals with EHA and ME induced tumors and those with ω-3 enriched presented a significant response when compared to control (p≤0.05). It was observed that the physical properties and the structural integrity of the bark of the control animals showed formation abnormalities: rough, rough and soft bark. Morphometric parameters were not significant between groups (p≤0.05). In relation to vasculogenesis and angiogenesis there was a significant ...

Dr. Elsayed Ibrahim Elagamy
Professor of Immunology, Department of Applied Medical Sciences, College of Community (Unaizah), Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Dr. Indrasena R Kummetha
University of California San Diego (UCSD), Department of Pediatrics, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0762, BRF-11, Room NO:2220, San Diego, California, 92093, USA

Dr. Zhiqiang Hou
Senior Research Associate, Center for Alzheimer’s and Neurodegenerative Diseases, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390

Dr. Nisar Haider Zaidi
MBBS, MS, MRCS (Glasgow), FICS, FACS. Department of surgery, King Abdulaziz University Hospital , POBox-80215 Jeddah 21589 , Saudi Arabia

Dr. Shahin Gavanji
Chairman of “WAMS National Council of Iran at World Academy of Medical Sciences (WAMS), Chairman WAMS Oncology Research Group of Iran, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan, Isfahan, Iran, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Sciences and Technologies, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

Dr. Kabita Mishra
D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Prakash Prajapat
Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Mehsana Urban Institute of Sciences, Ganpat University

Dr. Naoshad Muhammad
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Washington University in Saint Louis

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1.ZAICHICK Vladimir and ZAICHICK Sofia. Trace Element Contents in Thyroid Cancer Investigated by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescent Analysis. American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews, 2018,2:5. DOI: 10.28933/ajocrr-2017-12-2801 
2.Kénémé Bineta; Ciss Daouda; Ka Sidy; Mbaye Fatimata; Dem Ahmadou; Sembène Mbacké. UTERINE FIBROIDS IN SENEGAL: POLYMORPHISM OF MED12 GENE AND CORRELATION WITH EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FACTORS. American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews, 2018,2:4. DOI:10.28933/ajocrr-2017-12-2601 

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American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews