American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews


Dentist Surgery Performance Potentially Maligan Injury And Smoking Habit: Case Report

Research Article of American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews Dentist Surgery Performance Potentially Maligan Injury And Smoking Habit: Case Report Fernanda Teles Pereira¹*, Aurora Karla de Lacerda Vidal¹, Angélica Lopes Frade¹, Laís Azevedo Lins de Holanda¹ ¹Instituto de Ciências Biológicas e Centro de Oncologia do Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz da Universidade de Pernambuco (ICB/CEON/HUOC/UPE) Objective: To report the conduct of the dental team in the face of a patient with a potentially malignant lesion and who had difficulty quitting smoking. Methods: We described the clinical management of the injury and conduct in the face of the smoking habit of a female patient, 57 years old, melanoderma, denied alcoholism and a smoker for 30 years, referred to the Dentistry Service of Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz. Results: An incisional biopsy and histopathological examination of the lesion were performed, which showed hyperplasia, hyperkeratosis and papillomatosis of the squamous epithelium, without signs of malignancy, corroborating the hypothesis of Leukoplakia. It was recommended that she quit smoking, emphasizing the prevention of the malignant transformation of the pathology and promotion of healthy habits. After that, 2 more excisional biopsies were performed to completely remove the lesion. The patient, after diagnosis, reported having stopped the habit and was being followed up with a pulmonologist and dental team. After a year and a half, in a return visit, the patient reported having returned to the habit. The importance of quitting the habit was reinforced and it was referred to psychology, since it showed interest in stopping the use of cigarettes again. Conclusion: In view of the diagnosis of a potentially malignant lesion and difficulty in smoking cessation, the role of the dental team in informing about cigarettes, in the pathogenesis of this lesion, and the importance of avoiding them for the preservation of health, in addition to ...

Association Between Perceived Academic Stress And Suicide Behavior Among College Students From Pernambuco

Research Article of American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews Association Between Perceived Academic Stress And Suicide Behavior Among College Students From Pernambuco Renata Alves de Sousa1*, Guilherme Brazão2, Péricles Bezerra de Freitas Júnior3, Everton Botelho Sougey4, Tatiana de Paula Santana da Silva5 1,2,4,5UFPE; 3FUNESO OBJECTIVES: To verify whether there is an association between perceived academic stress and suicidal behavior in young people in the university community. METHOD:  Cross-sectional study approved by ethics committee (n°2,581,563), with a sample of 609 undergraduates from the Federal University of Pernambuco from: health, human sciences and exact sciences from 17 to 50 years. For the collection, we used: Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Questionnaire of Academic Experiences reduced version, and a sociodemographic questionnaire. The data were tabulated in the SPSS program in version 21.0.  Descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used for analysis, considering a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Of the sociodemographic data, 34.6% (n=211) were in the age group of 21 to 23 years, the majority were female, 64.5% (n=393). There was a significant difference in economic organization, the university students of human sciences presented lower per capita family income than health students (p<0.001). There was an association between perceived academic stress and suicidal behavior, specifically for ideation (p< 0.001) and suicide attempt (p< 0.001). Suicidal ideation was present in 44.2% of those who suffer academic stress, and only present in 24% who did not report academic stress. 15.5% of students with academic stress reported previous suicide attempt, while 4.2% of students without academic stress reported attempting at some point in their lives. CONCLUSION: There was an association between perceived academic stress and suicidal behavior. The data reveal the vulnerability of this group to risk behaviors where academic pressure can intensify such behaviors, and these should be investigated throughout the university segment. Keywords: ...

Territorialization As An Instrument For Expanding The Look Into The Territory: Experience Report

Research Article of American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews Territorialization As An Instrument For Expanding The Look Into The Territory: Experience Report Maria Gisele Cavalcanti de Oliveira¹*; Aline Maria Gomes dos Santos²; Manuela Martins da Silva³; Maria Soraida Silva Cruz4 ¹ Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE); ² Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE); ³ Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE); 4 Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE). Objective: To describe the experience of undergraduate students in the process of territorialization of some micro areas in Recife. Methods: Work based on academic practices of the discipline Occupational Therapy in Public Health - UFPE, in the 2nd semester of 2019, where students follow the professional performance in Primary Care. Among the activities carried out by the Extended Nucleus of Family Health and Primary Care, where the occupational therapist is inserted, there is the territorialization that, in this experience, took place in two meetings, specifically in some micro areas of the Health District VIII. Results: During the walk in the territory, the Community Health Agents presented the history of the community and reported that the community initially had a very industrialized profile. Subsequently, families began to establish themselves and take ownership of the place where they live until today, with several establishments such as schools, community spaces, squares, etc. that strengthen their identity The morbidities that most affect the elderly, young and male population are, respectively, chronic diseases, Sexually Transmitted Infections and infectious diseases. Territorialization is important in the process of planning interdisciplinary interventions and through it, the biopsychosocial dimensions are recognized and bring necessary discussions for all levels of care (COUTINHO, 2017). Conclusion: After the experience of Territorialization, it was possible to understand part of the complexity that is the territory, as well as to identify the main demands of the visited micro areas ...

Considerations On Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv) Disease Mortality In Brazil Between 1998 And 2017

Research Article of American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews Considerations On Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv) Disease Mortality In Brazil Between 1998 And 2017 Vitor Pereira Contini1*; Gabriela Vasconcelos de Moura1; Laura de Lima Bigolin1; Julia Perito Alfredo1 1Universidade Católica de Pelotas Objective: Analyze mortality rates of the HIV disease in Brazil in a period of 20 years to determinate the behavior of the rates and the pattern of the victims. Methods: Data were collected from the Mortality Information System (SIM) by the Informatics Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS) regarding deaths from HIV disease. All records and year of death, race, sex, age group, marital status and educational level of the person were considered. Results: In the 20 years studied, 232,274 deaths caused by the disease were recorded, an average of 11,613.7 (±1092.7) per year. White people represent 46.4%, followed by brown, 32.8%. Men are majority throughout the period, with 67.1% of records. People between 30 and 49 years old have the highest rates, 62.1% of deaths. Single people were majority, 61.1% of the total. As for education, people with up to 7 years of education correspond to 44% of deaths, while people with 12 years and more of education account for only 5.6%. Conclusions: White men, between 30 and 49 years old, single and with up to 7 years of schooling are, according to statistics, the most predisposed to die from the HIV disease. Especially from the data on education, it can be inferred that a higher level of education reduces the risks of death from the disease. Knowing this and the information about single people being more affected, the importance of sex education to early school years is recommended, as well as guidance in primary care. Keywords: HIV. Infections. Mortality ...

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American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews

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