American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews


A study on green cosmetic brand equity and purchase intentions

Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews A study on green cosmetic brand equity and purchase intentions Ginelle Qiu1, Kuan-nien Chen2 1IMG Co, Ltd 2Kaohsiung Medical University. The concept of sustainable development has recently become a significant issue among industrial, academic, and government sectors. As consumers have more green awareness of products, the markets of natural and organic products set to be flourish, the organic certification approach is then expected to be a crucial role between consumers and green brands. For the green cosmetic brands, it might bring more benefits to the brand than just being a proof of organic ingredients. The study conducted a quantitative questionnaire survey which was developed for this study and based on the four components of brand equity: brand associations, brand loyalty, perceived quality and brand awareness. Taking COSMOS-standard as an example, the study explores the influence it might have on green cosmetic brand equity and purchase intentions. Using snowball sampling for data collection, the total number of respondents was 867 and the number of valid questionnaires was 623. The statistical software SPSS 22.0 was used for the analysis. The results indicate that COSMOS-Standard organic certification has positive impacts on brand equity and purchase intention; significant differences on brand association and brand loyalty are caused by different disposable income; the effects on improving purchase intention works better on toiletries than facial care products. The cosmetic brands can see the results as suggestions on brand management and marketing strategies. Keywords: Green products; Organic certification; Brand equity; Purchase intention ...

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSES OF ANGIOKERATOMAS

Review Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSES OF ANGIOKERATOMAS Jesús del Pozo1*, Felipe Sacristán2, Manuel Gómez Tellado3, Servicios de Dermatología1, Anatomía Patológicay2, Cirugía Pediátrica3 1Unidad de Anomalías Vasculares Pediátricas, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC). 2Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC). 3Sergas. Universidade da Coruña (UDC). As Xubias, 84. 15006, A Coruña, España. Angiokeratomas (AK) are probably the vascular lesions that induce more confusion in the literature. The most accepted classification of AK was performed by Imperial and Helwig , and they divide these lesions into five classical types: Mibelli’s AK, Fordyce’s AK, corporis diffusum AK, circumscribed naeviforme AK and solitary or multiple acquired angiokeratomas. Nevertheless, in the clinical practice, is not unusual to see AK type lesions associated to different types of vascular anomalies, and these lesions have difficult handling. In ISSVA classification AKs have been included as vascular anomalies provisionally unclassified. We perform the differential diagnoses of AKs and according to clinical picture, histopathological aspect, immunohistochemical markers and radiological findings proposed to divide AKs mainly in two groups. Primary AKs are the classical types. The new immunohistochemical findings suggest that these lesions might be included as mixed capillary-lymphatic malformations. Secondary AKs are related with different vascular anomalies, secondary to other process with lymphatic obstruction, related to drugs, or associated with no vascular lesions as lymphoid lesions. Different underlying vascular anomelies might be related with AKs including deep capillary-lymphatic malformations (CLM), venous-lymphatic malformations (VLM), capillary-lymphatic-venous malformations (CLVM) (Klippel-Trenaunauy Sd), deep lymphatic malformations (LM), venous malformations (VM) as hyperkeratotic venous malformation, cavenomatous cerebral malformations, traumatic arteriovenous fistula and eccrine angiokeratomatous hamartoma. Clinical aspect, radiological studies and histopathological examination might help to do a correct diagnosis of this heterogenous entity. Keywords: Angiokeratomas; Vascular lesions ...

Dermatological adverse events of immune checkpoint inhibitors

Review Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Dermatological adverse events of immune checkpoint inhibitors Kevin Yang1, Khurram Yusuf2 1Dermatology, UAB School of Medicine, Birmingham, AL 35294 2Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, MP 482004, India Treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors is a landmark in the treatment of melanoma and other cancers. These treatments have been very effective and have increased the survival of cancer patients. The promise of immunotherapy also comes with a variety of adverse events. One of the common sites of immune related adverse events (irAEs) is skin. The cutaneous irAEs present a unique challenge to the success of immunotherapy. It is important to diagnose and understand the mechanism related to these cutaneous irAEs to increase the effectiveness of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. In this review, we have characterized the various cutaneous irAEs associated with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapies and their possible mechanisms. Keywords:checkpoint inhibitors, immunotherapy, adverse events ...

The Cutaneous Manifestations Associated with COVID-19: A review

Review Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews The Cutaneous Manifestations Associated with COVID-19: A review Ahmed, H MD, Yusuf, N PhD, MSPH University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Dermatology Importance: As the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic spreads, increasing cases of dermatologic manifestations of the disease continue to be reported. Observations: In this general review of the case reports, case series, and other systematic reviews on this subject, several patterns of cutaneous lesions have been compiled. These include viral exanthems, papulovesicular, pernio-like, vasculopathy-related, and other miscellaneous rashes. Conclusions and Relevance: While clinical observations and subjective cases of rashes associated with SARS-CoV-2 are important to furthering our research and study of this viral disease, we as clinicians must be cautious in attributing causation with correlation. Continued research and study are needed before we can attribute a source for these dermatologic manifestations. Funding: This research was partially support by IMPACT funds to NY from the School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham. Keywords: Dermatology, Rash, Cutaneous, morbilliform, viral exanthem, pernio, chilblains, urticaria, varicelliform, SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, Coronavirus Disease 19 ...

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American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews (ISSN:2638-1893; DOI:10.28933/AJODRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Dermatological Research and Reviews (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews

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