American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews


Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Assessment of efficacy and tolerability of fractional CO2 laser in the treatment of axillary hyperpigmentation Nevine A. Dorgham, Dina A. Dorgham Dermatology Department, Kasr Al Ainy Hospital, Cairo University,Egypt Background: Axillary hyperpigmentation is a common and troublesome complaint especially among dark-skinned women. It is believed to be a form of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and so far, there is no universally accepted treatment for the disorder. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of fractional CO2 laser in the treatment of axillary hyperpigmentation Patients and methods: Thirty Egyptian females with axillary hyperpigmentation were recruited. The severity of the condition was estimated by both self-assessment and expert dermatologist before treatment. Four sessions of fractional CO2 laser were done. Both the efficacy and complications were assessed by the patient and the dermatologist six month after the last session. Results: There was a statistically significant difference of percentage of improvement of pigmentation before compared to one month after treatment as detected by self-assessment (p value= 0.002) and the observer’s assessment (p value= 0.001). Conclusion: Fractional CO2 laser, in properly chosen parameters, is an effective method for the treatment of axillary hyperpigmentation. Keywords: Axillary hyperpigmentation, fractional CO2 laser ...


Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Combining 308-monochromatic excimer phototherapy with monthly IM triamcinolone acetonide for the treatment of resistant alopecia totalis Nabeel K. Alhamzawi Department of Dermatology, Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital, Diwaniyah, Iraq Background:   Treatment of resistant alopecia totalis AT is a major problem in general practice.  Some studies reported the use of either excimer-308 or intra-muscular triamcinolone acetonide as a monotherapy, with conflicting results. Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effect of combining 308-excimer phototherapy and intramuscular triamcinolone acetonide for the treatment of alopecia totalis. Methods and Material: Ten patients with alopecia totalis were evaluated in this prospective interventional study. All patients were assigned to receive the thera-peutic regimen that includes monthly IM triamcinolone acetonide (TAC) for a maximum of six pulses and twice-weekly excimer phototherapy for 24 sessions. Results:  The overall response rate for this regimen was 90%, with four patients 40% achieving complete regrowth of hair (100%). Three patients have exhibited a satisfactory response (>70% regrowth). Unsatisfactory response ( >10-< 70% regrowth) was reported in two patients . Younger patients responded better, as did those with a shorter history of the disease P < 0.05.  At follow-up, which continued for 8–12 months, recurrence was noted in two (22.2%) of the nine responders. Conclusions:  Combining excimer phototherapy with triamcinolone acetonide showed a promising effect on resistant AT. This treatment modality was effective and well tolerated particularly in young patients. Keywords: Alopecia totalis, excimer light, Triamcinolone acetonide, Combined treatment ...


Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews IMPACT OF ACNE VULGARIS ON PSYCHOSOCIAL STATUS Sevil Alan Akdeniz University School of Medicine Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Antalya/TURKEY. Background: Most previous research has focused on acne vulgaris characteristics and their association with psychological disorders, such as anxiety and depression. Objective: In the present study, we aimed to show whether acne characteristics are associated with several aspects of psychological well-being namely self-esteem, body satisfaction, anxiety-depression and dermatological life quality. Methods: This was a study of 200 patient with acne and190 healthy controls that was carried out in Antalya, Turkey. Main outcome measures were the Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, Body Image Concern Inventory (BICI), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HAD) and dermatological life quality index (DLQI). Also we recorded global acne grading score (GAGS) of acne patients. Results: The findings of statistical analysis indicated that patients with acne had lower levels of self-esteem, high depression and HAD score compared with healthy controls (respectively p=0.01, p˂0.01, p=0.01). Also the DLQI scores of severe and very severe group had higher than mild and moderate group (p= 0.013) Conclusion: The emotional well-being of the patients presenting with the acne needs to be recognized more fully, particularly in relation to the low self-esteem, high depression score. The psychosocial impact of acne vulgaris should be valued in the management of patients with this condition. The results of this study raise implications for clinical practice and suggest that a multidisciplinary approach to the management of patient with acne. Keywords: Acne Vulgaris, Psychosocial Status ...

A study on green cosmetic brand equity and purchase intentions

Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews A study on green cosmetic brand equity and purchase intentions Ginelle Qiu1, Kuan-nien Chen2 1IMG Co, Ltd 2Kaohsiung Medical University. The concept of sustainable development has recently become a significant issue among industrial, academic, and government sectors. As consumers have more green awareness of products, the markets of natural and organic products set to be flourish, the organic certification approach is then expected to be a crucial role between consumers and green brands. For the green cosmetic brands, it might bring more benefits to the brand than just being a proof of organic ingredients. The study conducted a quantitative questionnaire survey which was developed for this study and based on the four components of brand equity: brand associations, brand loyalty, perceived quality and brand awareness. Taking COSMOS-standard as an example, the study explores the influence it might have on green cosmetic brand equity and purchase intentions. Using snowball sampling for data collection, the total number of respondents was 867 and the number of valid questionnaires was 623. The statistical software SPSS 22.0 was used for the analysis. The results indicate that COSMOS-Standard organic certification has positive impacts on brand equity and purchase intention; significant differences on brand association and brand loyalty are caused by different disposable income; the effects on improving purchase intention works better on toiletries than facial care products. The cosmetic brands can see the results as suggestions on brand management and marketing strategies. Keywords: Green products; Organic certification; Brand equity; Purchase intention ...

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American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews (ISSN:2638-1893; DOI:10.28933/AJODRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Dermatological Research and Reviews (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews