American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews


Research Article of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews Relationship Between Peroneal Tendons and Anterior Talofibular Ligament Ahmet Oztermeli, Nazım Karahan Gebze Fatih State Hospital, Corlu State Hospital Background: Anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) injuries are the most common in ankle torsional injuries. ATFL and peroneal tendons are both important stabilizers of lateral ankle joint. We aimed to evaluate peroneal tendons and ATFL. Methods: Fifteen nonpaired leg of fresh frozen cadavers were assessed in this study. After harvesting, ATFL diameters were measured at three points by calipers, these are fibular side, intermediate side and talar side. The mean of these three measurements were assessed and tissue a 15 lb load was applied to the peroneal tendons for 10 minutes, and the transverse diameters were measured by folding the thickest part of the tendon in a double-strand. Results: 5 single bundle, 8 double-bundle and 2 three bundles of ATFL were obtained after dissection. . There was no correlation between ATFL diameter, peroneus longus, peroneus brevis and total tendon diameters of peroneus longus and peroneus brevis in women (p> 0.05). A strong correlation was found between ATFL diameter, peroneus longus (r: 0.95), peroneus brevis (r: 0.81) and total tendon diameters of peroneus longus and peroneus brevis (r: 0.92) in men. Conclusion: Relationship between the diameter of the ATFL and peroneal tendons diameters were evaluated and a correlation was observed in males, while no correlation was observed in females. Keywords: Anterior talofibular ligament; Peroneal tendons; Ankle sprain; Peroneus longus; Peroneus brevis; Cadaveric study ...


Case Report of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews Desmoid tumor of the foot: a case report and literature review Thiago Batista Faleiro1, Rogério Gouvêa1, Clarice de Abreu Silva2, Bruno Adelmo Ferreira Mendes Franco2, Thales Felipe Lucas Sena2, Gildásio Daltro2, Alexandre Vasconcelos de Meirelles1 1Santo Antônio Hospital/Irmã Dulce Social Work, Av. Dendezeiros do Bonfim, 161 - Largo de Roma, Salvador - BA, 40415-000 2 Professor Edgard Santos University Hospital/Federal University of Bahia, R. Dr. Augusto Viana, s/n - Canela, Salvador - BA, 40301-155 A desmoid tumor (DT) was first described by MacFarlane in 1832. DTs are rare tumors, corresponding to only 0.03% of all neoplasia and less than 3% of all soft tissue tumors. Most of the tumors occur in the abdomen and presentation in the extremities is uncommon. Here, we present a review of the literature and the 27th case of DT of the foot. Keywords: aggressive fibromatosis; foot; orthopedics ...


Research Article of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews Semi-rigid lumbar spine fixation with PEEK rods as a treatment option for mono-segmental degenerative disk disease Michael Winking MD, PhD1*, Mags Wigram PhD1 1Spine Center, Klinikum Osnabrueck, Am Finkenhuegel 3 D-49076 Osnabrueck, Germany. Long lasting back pain due to degenerative disc disease is one of the major reasons for reduced quality of life and work incapacity. In some of these patients conservative treatment will not improve back pain significantly. Therefore fusion surgery as a surgical option is offered to these patients. The main aim of this kind of treatment is the reduction of segmental motion leading to an improvement in pain. Rigid fixation leads to high fusion rates but may also contribute to stress shielding and adjacent segment degeneration. Therefore a semi-rigid stabilization with PEEK rods may be an option because it is associated with less implant related rigidity and is a less invasive procedure. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the improvement in back pain after minimally invasive semi-rigid lumbar stabilization with screws and PEEK rods in 45 patients and to identify potential implant failures during a follow up of two years. Six weeks after surgery the patients showed a significant improvement in their back pain, which persisted during the whole observation time of two years (p<0.01). All patients who were still in working life returned to their jobs without extended work incapacity. No implant related complication associated with the surgical procedure was detected. During the follow up time of two years no implant failure was observed. Keywords: PEEK rods; Semi-rigid stabilization; Lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD); Lumbar fusion; Chronic low back pain ...


Review Article of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews Osteoporosis versus Tooth Loss Samin Sirous1*, Iraj Salehi-Abari2 1Internship of Dentistry in Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, IRAN. 2Rheumatology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN. Osteoporosis is a common metabolic disease of the bones that increases bone fragility due to decreased bone mass and bad quality of bone, leading to an increased risk of bone fracture. This disease affects all the bones, including femurs/pelvis, spine, forearms, ribs, mandible, and maxillary bone. Periodontitis is an inflammation of the tissue around the teeth that results from infections and leads to tooth loss due to attachment loss and destruction of the alveolar bones around the teeth. Apart from Periodontitis, does Osteoporosis also lead to tooth loss? The purpose of this article is to answer this question. An electronic search of English language literature was conducted through PubMed, Medline, and Google scholar. The articles were selected through their topics and contents regarding osteoporosis, periodontitis, and tooth loss. The selected articles included cross-sectional, cohort, and review studies. Osteoporosis and periodontitis are multifactorial diseases and recent studies revealed a positive relation between periodontal disease and osteoporosis. In summary, as well as osteoporosis has an indirect correlation with tooth loss by periodontitis, it also has a direct relationship with tooth loss by decreasing mandibular and maxillary alveolar bone density. Not only Tooth loss could occur due to periodontitis, but also it has many other reasons, which with nowadays researches osteoporosis counts as one of them. Due to the effect of osteoporosis in the reduction of BMD and its relationship with periodontitis, it can both directly and indirectly result in tooth loss. Further well-controlled researches are required to clarify the inter-relationship between osteoporosis and tooth loss. Keywords: Osteoporosis; Tooth loss; Periodontitis; BMD ...

Dr. Karol Szyluk
District Hospital of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery. b41-940 Piekary Śląskie, Bytomska 62 str. POLAND

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Avenida de Elvas s/n, 06080, Badajoz (Spain)

Department of Medical Oncology Al Bairouni University Hospital, Ex-specialist in Lyon-sud Hospital Department of Hematology Lyon-france

Dr. P. ShnamugaRaju
Assoc.Professor & I/C Head, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Chalmeda AnandRao Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar-505001 Telangana, India.

Dr. Yousif Mohamed Y. Abdallah
Professor (Assistant), Radiological Science and Medical Imaging Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

Adiyaman University School Of Medicine, Department Of Neurosurgery, Adiyaman

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References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1.SENHAJI Said; ABDULRAZAK Saeed; KACIMI ALAOUI Mehdi ; EL IDRISSI Mohamed ; EL IBRAHIMI Abdelhalim ; EL MRINI Abdelmajid Intramuscular myxoma of the thigh: a rare case report.American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:6. DOI:10.28933/ajorr-2018-06-2401 
2.Melo, M.C.F, Macêdo, T.S, Oliveira, J.C, Araújo, M.G.C, Vidal, A.K.L.Interrelationship Between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Periodontitis.American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:4 

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American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews