American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews


Review Article of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews Single Stage Knee Arthroplasty Revision Surgery, Our Experience with Eleven Cases and Review of the Literature Andreas X. Papadopoulos M.D. PhD1, Athanasios Karageorgos M.D. PhD1,Charalampos Matzaroglou M.D. Associate Professor2,Spyros A. Syggelos M.D. Assistant Professor3, Christos A. Papadopoulos Physiotherapist1, Ioannis  D. Gelalis M.D. Professor4 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Olympion Medical Center, Patras, Greece 2Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Patras, Greece 3Department Anatomy – Histology – Embryology, University of Patras 4Orthopaedic Department, University of Ioannina, Greece Knee replacement is a widely performed and very successful procedure for the management of knee arthritis. Nevertheless, it is postulated that a total of 2-5% of primary and revision total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) is infected every year [1,2]. Despite the low incidence, the absolute numbers of prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are growing, owing to an increased number of replacement surgeries, and are associated with significant morbidity and socioeconomic burden [3,4]. Although several definitions of PJI exist, Musculoskeletal Infection’s Society (MSIS) definition is based on strict criteria and is one of the most used [5]. Patients with certain risk factors have an increased risk to develop PJI [6,7]. Risk factors include presence of systemic or local active infection in an arthritic knee; previous operative procedures in the same knee, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, smoking, alcohol consumption, co-morbidities, and immunosuppression; end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis, liver disease, intravenous drug abuse, and low safety operative room environment. PJIs are classified according to the depth of infection, to superficial and deep infections. Superficial infections are limited to the incision and superficial tissues, while deep infections, that involve deep layers, may occur up to one year postoperatively, and influence surgical management strategy. Timing of infection is also an important factor in guiding treatment. PJIs are classified to acute postoperative, within a ...


Review Article of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews CURRENT STATUS OF DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES IN THE ELDERLY Shunhan Yao1, Dinggui Lu1,* 1Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities; No.18, Zhongshan 2nd Road, Baise, Guangxi, 533000, China Femoral neck fractures are common fractures in the elderly, especially in elderly women. There are many mature treatment methods for femoral neck fractures. However, which option is better is still controversial. In order to allow clinicians to better develop treatment plans for elderly patients with femoral neck fractures, this article summarizes the diagnosis and treatment status of elderly femoral neck fractures from the aspects of epidemiology, etiology and diagnosis, treatment methods and progress of elderly femoral neck fractures. Keywords: Elderly patients with femoral neck fracture, conservative treatment, surgical treatment, accelerated recovery ...


Research Article of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews Relationship Between Peroneal Tendons and Anterior Talofibular Ligament Ahmet Oztermeli, Nazım Karahan Gebze Fatih State Hospital, Corlu State Hospital Background: Anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) injuries are the most common in ankle torsional injuries. ATFL and peroneal tendons are both important stabilizers of lateral ankle joint. We aimed to evaluate peroneal tendons and ATFL. Methods: Fifteen nonpaired leg of fresh frozen cadavers were assessed in this study. After harvesting, ATFL diameters were measured at three points by calipers, these are fibular side, intermediate side and talar side. The mean of these three measurements were assessed and tissue a 15 lb load was applied to the peroneal tendons for 10 minutes, and the transverse diameters were measured by folding the thickest part of the tendon in a double-strand. Results: 5 single bundle, 8 double-bundle and 2 three bundles of ATFL were obtained after dissection. . There was no correlation between ATFL diameter, peroneus longus, peroneus brevis and total tendon diameters of peroneus longus and peroneus brevis in women (p> 0.05). A strong correlation was found between ATFL diameter, peroneus longus (r: 0.95), peroneus brevis (r: 0.81) and total tendon diameters of peroneus longus and peroneus brevis (r: 0.92) in men. Conclusion: Relationship between the diameter of the ATFL and peroneal tendons diameters were evaluated and a correlation was observed in males, while no correlation was observed in females. Keywords: Anterior talofibular ligament; Peroneal tendons; Ankle sprain; Peroneus longus; Peroneus brevis; Cadaveric study ...


Case Report of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews Desmoid tumor of the foot: a case report and literature review Thiago Batista Faleiro1, Rogério Gouvêa1, Clarice de Abreu Silva2, Bruno Adelmo Ferreira Mendes Franco2, Thales Felipe Lucas Sena2, Gildásio Daltro2, Alexandre Vasconcelos de Meirelles1 1Santo Antônio Hospital/Irmã Dulce Social Work, Av. Dendezeiros do Bonfim, 161 - Largo de Roma, Salvador - BA, 40415-000 2 Professor Edgard Santos University Hospital/Federal University of Bahia, R. Dr. Augusto Viana, s/n - Canela, Salvador - BA, 40301-155 A desmoid tumor (DT) was first described by MacFarlane in 1832. DTs are rare tumors, corresponding to only 0.03% of all neoplasia and less than 3% of all soft tissue tumors. Most of the tumors occur in the abdomen and presentation in the extremities is uncommon. Here, we present a review of the literature and the 27th case of DT of the foot. Keywords: aggressive fibromatosis; foot; orthopedics ...

Dr. Karol Szyluk
District Hospital of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery. b41-940 Piekary Śląskie, Bytomska 62 str. POLAND

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Avenida de Elvas s/n, 06080, Badajoz (Spain)

Department of Medical Oncology Al Bairouni University Hospital, Ex-specialist in Lyon-sud Hospital Department of Hematology Lyon-france

Dr. P. ShnamugaRaju
Assoc.Professor & I/C Head, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Chalmeda AnandRao Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar-505001 Telangana, India.

Dr. Yousif Mohamed Y. Abdallah
Professor (Assistant), Radiological Science and Medical Imaging Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

Adiyaman University School Of Medicine, Department Of Neurosurgery, Adiyaman

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1.SENHAJI Said; ABDULRAZAK Saeed; KACIMI ALAOUI Mehdi ; EL IDRISSI Mohamed ; EL IBRAHIMI Abdelhalim ; EL MRINI Abdelmajid Intramuscular myxoma of the thigh: a rare case report.American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:6. DOI:10.28933/ajorr-2018-06-2401 
2.Melo, M.C.F, Macêdo, T.S, Oliveira, J.C, Araújo, M.G.C, Vidal, A.K.L.Interrelationship Between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Periodontitis.American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:4 

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American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Orthopedic Research and Reviews  (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews