Global Journal of Nursing

  • Oncology Care Project with Inter and Multiprofessional Approach: Actions to Minimize Collateral Effects and Suffering, Caused By the Treatment of Chemotherapy

    Objective: To report multi and interprofessional experience during extension actions aimed at minimizing the side effects and suffering caused by the treat-ment of chemotherapy. Methods: This is a descriptive study of the type of expe-rience report of the university extension project that focuses on the use of light technologies to cope with routine situations of care practice in an oncology sec-tor. Results: The side effects caused by antineoplastic drugs are part of the day-to-day treatment of cancer patients. Some side effects were listed with patients, such as dry mouth, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, alopecia, constipation and mouth with metallic or bitter taste from the antineoplastic. Through ingestion of healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, greens and cereals properly listed these unwanted effects can be minimized. Other actions such as music therapy help to alleviate suffering because it causes happiness and satisfaction. Conclu-sion: Health education is an important strategy to share knowledge, especially in the area of relieving suffering through complementary guidelines and thera-pies. Music is a therapeutic and playful instrument and influences the emotions and well-being of individuals. In addition, the actions of the Oncology Care pro-ject strengthen us as a human being and professional in formation.

  • Staff Nurses Synergistic Attitude Towards Institutional Vision, Mission and Goals Using Bloom’s Taxonomy: An Input to Operations Planning

    Equally important with having a goal and direction in an institution like a hospital is how the people in this institution work together to achieve this. This “togetherness” is aptly expressed in the concept of synergy. This operationalizes what Collins (2001) meant with “right people in the right bus” (Collins, 2001). Synergy is defined as “the interaction of elements that when combined produce a total effect that is greater than the sum of the individual elements” (Retrieved from www.dictionary.reference. com/ browse/synergy on February 27, 2018). To achieve this synergy among all stakeholders of educational institutions, there should be a common ground, in which they align themselves with the institutional vision and mission. Whatever the context, the point is the same: If an organization wants to move forward, it needs to develop and understand an agreed on purpose, in educational institutions—the vision, mission, goals and core values. Having strong vision and mission statements can help stakeholders in school reach such a common understanding (Gabriel and Farmer, 2009). This study aims to produce an output that could help in operations planning in the clinical setting. This output determines the extent of synergy among staff nurses with institutional purpose as reflected in their understanding of the institution’s vision, mission, goals, and core values in the order of thinking skills of the Bloom’s taxonomy. Through this descriptive, comparative, correlational research, this purpose may be achieved.

  • Nursing to the patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Introduction: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic and progressive disease. Objectives: To verify the nursing behavior in patients with COPD in the literature Methodology: Integrative review of the literature in the Latin American Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO). We included studies referring to the conduct of nursing to the patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, published in national and international journals. Results and Discussion: After crossing the descriptors, 392 articles were identified in the different databases, of which 12 were repeated, 262 were rejected by the title, due to the fact that they were not performed in a hospital environment or because they were related to other disciplines. Of the remaining articles, 68 articles were rejected by reading the abstract and 44 articles were rejected by the full reading. These articles were rejected because they were not: randomized clinical trials, quasi-experimental studies, systematic reviews of the literature or meta-analysis study. In summary, 6 articles were included in the final analysis of the sample. Conclusion: It is verified that for the control of the disease it is essential to develop the patient’s capacity for self-care.

  • Feelings Faced By Caregivers Of Children With Cancer Of A University Hospital

    Introduction: Cancer is a disease where cell proliferation occurs abnormally, ignoring signs of growth regulation. The child with cancer needs the help of the caregiver, their greatest support. Objective: to unveil the feelings faced by caregivers of children with cancer at a University Hospital. Methodology: descriptive, exploratory, qualitative study, carried out at the Pediatric Oncology Center of the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital in Recife / PE. The population was constituted by the main caregivers of hospitalized children with cancer. Survey conducted in June 2017, through an interview, with a population of 10 caregivers. The data were submitted to Bardin content analysis. Results and Discussion: as results, four thematic categories emerged: Caregiver perception about Cancer; Family relations in the context of the disease; Changes faced after the discovery of the diagnosis; Feelings in the context of the disease. The caregiver’s understanding and understanding of the illness allows him to optimize his suffering and encourages him to face the obstacles encountered during treatment. Conclusion: caregivers experience a long process of diagnosis at the end of treatment. They present feelings that blend between guilt, fear, sadness, exhaustion, hope, faith and tranquility.

  • Health Education on Breast Cancer, Its Manifestations, Prevention and Treatment for Sex Workers

    Introduction: Breast cancer is a malignant neoplasm due to the disordered proliferation of abnormal cells caused by environmental, physiological or exposure factors; this pathology is more frequent in women and, according to the National Cancer Institute, in 2013, 14,206 women were death due to this neoplasm. It is revealed before this index the importance of the dissemination about the preventive methods related to this disease. Objectives: To promote health education on breast cancer, its manifestations, prevention and treatment for sex workers. Methodology: Experience report on the experience lived as a student of the nursing course in a health education project in the prevention of breast cancer. A conversation wheel with illustrative poster and tactile activity of identification of breast alterations with balloons simulating the breasts was performed in a cabaret located in the city of Maceió – Alagoas on October 18, 2017, from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m., for an audience of 15 women. Results and Discussion: At the outset there was a perceived fear on the part of sex workers to participate in the conversation for fear of being judged or even exposed. In the course of the action they were approaching, sharing their experiences on the subject exposed, participating in the activities carried out. The topic of prevention, treatment and risk factors for the development of breast cancer was addressed. Conclusion: Breast cancer is a pathology that has led many women to death due to lack of knowledge and practice of prevention methods. The few women who knew about self-examination did not practice it because they did not know how serious breast cancer can be for their lives and the work they do. The only one that had previously aroused interest in preventive care was sensitized from a surgical procedure performed.

  • Health Education on Hepatites HIV AIDS for Sex Workers

    Introduction:The epidemic among young people, according to UNAIDS, the risks of HIV among adolescents and young people are greater when the age transition occurs in challenging environments, with insufficient access to food, education and housing and with high rates of violence. Perceptions of low infection risk, poor condom use and low rates of HIV testing persist among young people. UNAIDS epidemiological data from 25 countries shows that the total number of people aged 15-19 years living with HIV in these countries increased from approximately 800,000 in 2005 to 940,000 in 2015.1 Objectives: To promote health education on breast cancer, its manifestations, prevention and treatment for sex workers. Methodology: This is a participatory research, carried out by academics and professors of the Nursing undergraduate course of Uninassau and UFAL, in March 2017, at Quilombo Muquem in Joaquim Gomes, Alagoas, Nursing course, with the presence of 19 adolescents being 12 male and 7 female, between the ages of 12 and 17. Conclusion: After correlating each principle of the mandala to HEPATITES, HIV / AIDS, and showing the forms of transmission through the mandala of knowledge, there was a restlessness present in each adolescent, each wanted to expose some situation in relation to something similar to the ones hepatitis, HIV / AIDS, all knew, had a friend, relative who has or had some pathology cited. It was verified, in this experiment, the knowledge deficit of the group of quilombolas adolescents in relation to HIV AIDS Hepatitis. Many of them expressed concern about a quilombola teenager presenting some symptoms, according to them, spoke of the importance of how to correctly use the condom, wash hands and food well. We ended our health education by distributing condoms, explanatory leaflets on hepatitis, HIV AIDS.

  • Nursing Care for Individuals With HIV AIDS Under the Heideggerian Theory

    Introduction: AIDS is a chronic communicable disease marked by strong impacts on the social, psychic and biological aspects related to the individual. In this scenario Heidegger approaches reflections on human care, which involve profound reforms in the magnitude of this action. It uses the phenomenological method to develop concepts about human existence and their relationships. On care we can highlight the relevance of the understanding of concepts addressed as dasein, Being-in-the-world, Inauthenticity, and healing promoting a humanized nursing care to the individual with AIDS. Objective: To characterize nursing care for individuals with HIV / AIDS in the light of Heideggerian theory. Method: integrative literarure review. We include studies with integral text in Portuguese, English and Spanish published in the period of 10 years, indexed in the databases: Lilacs, Medline, BDENF related to the thematic axis according to the optics of the authors. It carried out the research in the bases through the VHL using the intersection of the Descriptors in Health Sciences (DECS) adapted the URSI form in the construction of the results. The articles were organized by year of publication and classified by levels of evidence between I and VI, analyzed by 2 different evaluators, achieving agreement in the classification. Results and discussion: After the analysis and synthesis of the data, the selected articles were separated into thematic categories, arranged in tables of presentation, and graphic resources. One can observe the nursing care coupled with the perception of Heideggerian formulators of the exercises of humanized actions that seek to understand the human feelings and perceptions opening possibility of expression and adequacy of single and holistic care modifying the perspectives on the actions of caring.Conclusion: reflections on nursing care for individuals in chronic conditions in phenomenology, addressed changes capable of understanding their needs and promoting humanized care.

  • Nursing Role in Promoting and Prevention to Prostate Cancer

    Introduction: The National Integral Attention to Men Health Policy (PNAISH) has as a main objective analyze the needs of the individual in their socio-cultural issues, political and economic, along with epidemiological factors that put the health and well-being of the same in risk, with an aim to reduce the morbidity and mortality, which will bring an expansion of human longevity. However, aspects related to male contributes to low search service primary care contributing to worsen your health. Objective: evaluate the role of the nursing team, encouraging the promotion and health prevention. Methodology: The study it is a literary review of integrative character, whose articles were analyzed by analysis of captured data bases: BDENF LILACS and SciELO. Use descriptors: Primary health care; Health promotion; Health education; Nursing; Prostate cancer. The analysis was conducted using the following inclusion criteria: articles published from 2010 to 2017, full text and written in Portuguese and Spanish, and deleted items that had no relevance to the theme. Results and Discussion: selected 24 publications, of these only four met the inclusion criteria. Analyze the risk factors is important as men over 40 years with pregress family history, race and other factors that increase the chances of developing the condition. Early detection of this pathology is linked to tracking done by quality professionals of the Family Health Strategy (FHS). Conclusion: These underscore the importance of a specific look at the target audience, and seeking changes in the current scenario, in order to decrease the mortality rate. This nurse in the ESF, can work educational activities, discussion groups, and through home visits, conduct a follow-up with the men who submit above risk factors.

  • Actions of the Nurse to the Old Patient of Cataractor

    Introduction: Cataract is a serious eye disease caused by opacification of the lens, a natural lens of the eye, responsible for focusing the light under the retina and Senile is considered a public health problem due to the large number of people with the disease, which every year increases and demands surgical intervention. With the technological advancement in health services and discourses about the quality of health care, nursing is faced with the need to act through clinical judgment, knowledge and scientific evidence in its practices. Objective: to know the actions of the nurse to the elderly patient with cataract. Methodology: This is a descriptive study, with a qualitative approach, carried out with nurses of the Altino Ventura Foundation in Recife, PE, in November 2015. The text discusses nursing care for elderly patients, emphasizing one of the visual changes which most affects this population, the cataract. Results and Discussion: The sample consisted of 13 nurses. Regarding the nurse’s assistance in the education of the elderly with cataract, 92% (n = 12) stressed that they prepare the patient for pre and postoperative care, while 85% (n = 11) said they prepare the companion to remain with the elderly patient during home care, followed by 100% (n = 13) in the guidelines to the companion regarding the adequate care to the elderly in the pre and postoperative period. It is indispensable the nurse needs to identify the situations of risk and to take the prophylactic or control measures as early as possible. Conclusion: This study contributes to the nurses’ reflection on the relevance of the nursing consultation, focusing on the knowledge of their patients, as well as the care to be provided to them. Therefore, it is suggested the development of research focusing on the importance of this care to patients with…