Popularization and diffusion of technical-scientific knowledge in order to combat oral cancer, prevention and early diagnosis
Introduction: Some Primary Health Care (PHC) experiences have been incipiently instituted since the beginning of the 20th century, but, considering oral cancer, this form of early intervention in the natural history of the disease needs to be valued and performed. smoking, alcoholism and sun exposure, or associated with it, act as preventable risk factors, even with the participation of viruses such as human papillomavirus (HPV), nutritional deficiencies, immunological deficiencies and genetic alterations that contribute to the development of cancer. Objective: Popularization and diffusion of technical-scientific knowledge in order to combat oral cancer, prevention and early diagnosis. Methodology: Through the University, the interrelation of teaching, research, extension and assistance is experienced, favoring the formation of health professionals who are more conscious, supportive and citizens, in view of the philosophy of development of the culture of prevention and diagnosis early diagnosis of oral cancer. Educational / preventive / diagnostic activities are routinely developed at the request of both the population and the health services. Results and Discussion: Knowledge, a basic tool for prevention, has been constructed / shared among the population, students and health and education professionals, since humanized learning produces shared benefits and the development of the Program to Combat Cancer of the Mouth – activity of extension of the UPE, which has already collaborated with the training of 13,000 PHC professionals, reinforces the possibility of inter-transmultidisciplinary action as a transforming agent capable of modifying the epidemiological profile of the disease, strongly associated with external factors – habits and lifestyle of the population. Conclusion: PHC can contribute through education, access and greater effectiveness of health services, it is possible to provide better conditions for prevention, early diagnosis and reduction of disabilities and deaths.
Introduction: The term sickle cell disease encompasses a group of hereditary hemolytic anemias that have in common the presence of hemoglobin S within the red blood cell. In this group, anemia-falciform (AF) is highlighted, which presents clinical, hematological, genetic, anthropological and epidemiological importance, due to its high morbidity and mortality, which is considered a public health problem. It is chronic, incurable and usually causes a high degree of suffering to their patients, and life expectancy in average of 40 years. Decentralized, multidisciplinary, humanized quality care with emphasis on self-care can modify the natural history of the disease reducing its morbidity and mortality. In this context, Orem’s Nursing Systems Theory describes self-care as the practice of activities that people perform for their own benefit, in the sense of maintaining life, health and well-being, and the nurse is the professional which will enable this individual to be an agent capable of self-care. Objective: To understand the perception of patients with AF on self-care. Methodology: Descriptive study of a qualitative approach, approved by CEP-HEMOPE under CAAE 65281117.0.0000.5195. The method used was the recording of six interviews performed with patients with PA treated at the HEMOPE hospital in May 2016. The sample was determined by saturation of the speeches. In the evaluation the technique of content analysis of Bardin was used. Results and Discussion: 1. Characterization of the sample, 2. Content analysis: Theme 1. The importance of caring, Theme 2. Knowledge about care. Conclusion: We conclude that it is indispensable to health education by the nurse for self-care of these patients, in order to allow the empowerment of its client on the clinical and therapeutic aspects of the disease favoring the quality of life and longevity, stimulating the practice of the right of citizenship.