Gender and Conflict: How are Men and Women Differently Affected by Conflict?


Gender and Conflict: How are Men and Women Differently Affected by Conflict?


Aregash Eticha Sefera

Department of Social Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Bule Hora University


This term paper entitled “Gender and Conflict responds to the need for deeper understanding of how gender and conflict interrelate. It incorporates the role of gender in conflict resolution, participation of women and conflict management policies, the basic assumption of feminist conflict resolution theory, impacts of conflict on gender and how gender is important in society Conflicts have different impacts on men and women, and on gender relations, like gender based violence, sexual harassment and so on. Conflict may also bring changes to women’s economic roles and changes in the sexual division of labour.
Conflict impacts on the distribution of power and its gender dimensions in many different ways. Women are rarely in a position to make direct decisions about the waging of conflict. However, in some cases, power structures may be broken up and decentralized and there may be opportunities for women to gain access to decision-making bodies, at least at a local level. Or women who have access to power may, like their male counterparts, be able to wield it more forcefully. Generally, this paper addressed the ways in which conflict affects men and women differently and their relative positions prior to conflict.


Keywords: Gender, Conflict


Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Aregash Eticha Sefera.Gender and Conflict: How are Men and Women Differently Affected by Conflict?. Global Journal of Religions, 2019,1:5


References:

1. Academy for International Conflict Management and Peace building (AICMPB) (2001). Gender, War and Peace building. United States Institute of Peace, Washington DC
2. Aroussi, S., (2011). ‘Women, Peace and Security: Addressing Accountability for Wartime Sexual Violence’, in International Feminist Journal of Politics, Vol.13 (4) (London, UK: Routledge)
3. Austrian Development Agency (ADA), the operational unit of the Austrian Development
4. Bailey, M. J. (1989). “Mediation as a “Female” Process.” Paper presented at the National Conference on Peace and Conflict Resolution, Montreal Cooperation. Zelinkagasse 2, 1010 Vienna.
5. European Union Institute for Security Studies, (2014). Gender in Conflict
6. Jeong, H. (2000) Peace and Conflict Studies: An Introduction (Aldershot: Ashgate).
7. Nzomo, M. (1994) “Women in Politics and Public Decision-making” in Himmelstrand, U. et al (eds) In Search of New Paradigms for the Study of African Development. London, James Currey.
8. Pratt, N., Richter-Devroe, S., (2011). ‘Critically Examining UNSCR 1325 on Women, Peace and
9. Security’, in International Feminist Journal of Politics, Vol.13 (4), (London, UK: Routledge)
10. Shepherd, Cassandra K. (2015). The Role of Women in International Conflict Resolution, Hamline University’s School of Law’s Journal of Public Law and Policy: Vol.36: Iss. 2, Article 1.
11. Strickland, R., Duvvury, N., (2003). Gender Equity and Peacebuilding, From Rhetoric to Reality: Finding the Way
12. True. J. (2013). Women, peace and security in post-conflict and peacebuilding contexts (Policy Brief). Oslo: Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre.http://www.peacebuilding.no/var/ezflow_site/storage/original/application/350cb287327f86cdf2369b23c 98a17da.pdf
13. Tsjeard Bouta, Georg Frerks, Ian Bannon (2005).Gender, Conflict, and Development. The World Bank. Washington DC
14. UN Women. (2014). Gender mainstreaming in development programming: An issues brief. New York:UN.http://www.unwomen. org/~/media/headquarters/attachments/sections/how%20we%20work/unsystemcoordination/gendermainstreaming-issuesbrief-en%20pdf.pdf
15. UNIFEM. (1997). Programme Proposal on Support to Women for Peace-Building and Governance. New York: UNIFEM