Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research
Biochemical Changes Caused by Eimeria spp in Broiler Chickens
Samrawit Melkamu1, Mersha Chanie2 and Mulat Asrat3
1School of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, ETHIOPIA
2 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, Ethiopia
3School of Veterinary medicine, Wollo University, Ethiopia
This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of coccidia infestation on biochemical parameters in broiler chicken. The experimental animals (n=100) were randomly allocated into four equal groups, group one (G-I), group two (G-II), group three (G-III) and group four (G-IV) with 25 chickens in each group. The G-I, G-II, and G-III were treatments groups challenged by different Eimeria sporulated oocysts, while G-IV served as the control group. In this study, the infective dose of E. tenella (G-I), E. acervulina(G-II) and mixed Eimeria spp (G-III)was 2×104 sporulated Eimeria oocyst inoculated orally at three weeks of age in broiler chicken and subsequent alterations in different plasma biochemical constituents were evaluated at interval of 5 , 7 and 9 day of post inoculation. Serum total protein values after challenge showed statistically significant decrease in group one, group two and group three in comparison with group four. Further, significant decrease total protien value was noticed on 7 day of post infection in group one and group two.The mean values of serum glucose between the infected and control group at 5, 7 and 9 day of post infection which revealed non-statistically significant difference. Coccidiosis due to E. tenella, E. acervulina and mixed identified Eimeria spp. infectionin chicken showed highly statistically significant increase in serum ALT and AST level as compared with control group. This was also significant increase in infected group on 7 day of post infection. But, no significant variation among the infected groups were on 5 and 9 day of post infection.
Keywords: Coccidiosis, E.tenella, Oocyst, Poultry
How to cite this article:
Samrawit Melkamu, Mersha Chanie and Mulat Asrat. Biochemical Changes Caused by Eimeria spp in Broiler Chickens. International Journal of Animal Research, 2019; 4:24
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