IJCR (2021), Volume 5

Intramyocardial haemorrhage: a rare sequela of acute myopericarditis

Intramyocardial haemorrhage: a rare sequela of acute myopericarditis
Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Intramyocardial haemorrhage: a rare sequela of acute myopericarditis Sahar Mohmed1, Kate Batouskaya1, Jakub Lagan2, Pei Gee Chew1,2, Dania Mohty3,4, Aleem Khand1,2,5* ¹Sahar Mohmed, MBBS, MRCP UK, (Cardiology clinical fellow, Department of Cardiology, Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Trust, Lower Lane, Liverpool L97AL, UK). ¹Kate Batouskaya (Core Medical trainee, Department of Cardiology, Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Thomas Drive, Liverpool L14 3PE). ²Jakub Lagan (Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology, Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Thomas Drive, Liverpool L14 3PE, UK). 1,2Pei Gee Chew, MBChB, MRCP UK, AFHEA, MD(Res) (Department of Cardiology, Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Trust, Lower Lane, Liverpool L97AL, Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Thomas Drive, Liverpool L14 3PE, UK). 3,4Dania Mohty, University of Limoges, Limoges, France, King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia). 1,2,5Aleem Khand, MBChB MRCP MD Dip Interventional  Card iologyand Cardiac MRI FESC, Cardiology Consultant, Department of Cardiology, Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Trust, Lower Lane, Liverpool L97AL, Department of Cardiology, Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Thomas Drive, Liverpool L14 3PE, ...

SYNGAP1 Mutation in absence Epilepsy with eyelid myoclonia: A Literature Overview and A Case Report from Qatar

SYNGAP1 Mutation in absence Epilepsy with eyelid myoclonia: A Literature Overview and A Case Report from Qatar
Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports SYNGAP1 Mutation in absence Epilepsy with eyelid myoclonia: A Literature Overview and A Case Report from Qatar Rana AL-Shami , Sondos Altaraqji, Khalid Mohamed Pediatric Neurology Sidra Medicine Background: SYNGAP1, which encodes a RAS-GTPase-activating protein, is located on the short arm of chromosome 6.Mutations of the SYNGAP1 gene were first identified in 2009 in patients with nonsyndromic intellectual disability (ID) acquired microcephaly, and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), followed in 2013 by recognition of their important role in the developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (DEEs). Developmental delay was identified soon after birth in the majority of patients and pre-ceded seizure onset in all. Development regressed or plateaued with seizure onset were observed. Language was severely impaired together with intellectual disabilities and some other features (1, 4).Most affected individuals have de novo mutations, with truncating mutations predominating, although missense mutations, chromosomal translocations, or microdeletions disrupting SYNGAP1 are also described. (1,5). Keywords: SYNGAP1; Epilepsy, Pediatric ...

Acute cauda equina syndrome due to lumbar spinal stenosis caused by prolonged supine position during cardiac catheterization: a case report

Acute cauda equina syndrome due to lumbar spinal stenosis caused by prolonged supine position during cardiac catheterization: a case report
Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Acute cauda equina syndrome due to lumbar spinal stenosis caused by prolonged supine position during cardiac catheterization: a case report Kazuki Kobayashi, Kazuyuki Watanabe, Kinshi Kato, Michiyuki Hakozaki, Jun-ichi Handa, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Takuya Nikaido, Koji Otani, Shoji Yabuki, and Shin-ichi Konno Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan Background: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a severe neurologic condition marked by progressive loss of function of the neurologic elements in the spinal canal below the termination of the spinal cord. This article reports an instructive case of CES with acute aggravation of neuropathy after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Patient concerns: A 63-year-old Japanese man underwent catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Because he complained of severe low back pain and numbness in the posterior of both lower limbs while in the supine position, he was given analgesia with pentazocine and sedated with propofol, and the procedure continued. He was then forced to maintain lumbar extension while in ...

Deletion of 15q26.1 region with absence epilepsy respond to valproic acid: A Literature Overview and A Case Report from Qatar

Deletion of 15q26.1 region with absence epilepsy respond to valproic acid: A Literature Overview and A Case Report from Qatar
Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Deletion of 15q26.1 region with absence epilepsy respond to valproic acid: A Literature Overview and A Case Report from Qatar Rana AL-Shami , Sondos Altaraqji Pediatric neurology department, Sidra Medicine, Doha –Qatar. Chromosomal abnormalities involving deletions and duplications are known to cause severe developmental disorders, including mental retardation, dysmorphism, and seizures, in children. As the technique of array-based comparative genomic hybridization is being applied more frequently in the diagnostic evaluation of children with developmental disorders; novel pathologic chromosomal abnormalities are being identified in relation to various type of epilepsies in childhood. We report the case of a 4-year-old girl with a history of speech delay and communication disorder, mild dysmorphic features, and absence epilepsy with a de novo microdeletion 15q26.1. A much larger (5 Mb) but overlapping microdeletion has been previously reported in similar several cases with similar phenotype including intractable myoclonic and absence epilepsy, growth delay, and dysmorphic features. This leads us to propose that a potential candidate gene or ...

Delayed traumatic cardiac tamponade: An extremely rare sequela of blunt trauma

Delayed traumatic cardiac tamponade: An extremely rare sequela of blunt trauma
Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Delayed traumatic cardiac tamponade: An extremely rare sequela of blunt trauma Sena Park*, MD and Janaka Balasooriya, MBBS MD (Surgery) MRCS Department of General Surgery, The Canberra Hospital, Yamba Drive, GARRAN, Australian Capital Territory 2605 To our knowledge, there have been minimal information on the delayed traumatic cardiac tamponade, which is an extremely rare but a life-threatening condition if not treated promptly. We present a 25-year-old female who had cardiac tamponade of delayed onset after a motor vehicle crash. It was found on a computed tomography scan of the chest, and confirmed on subsequent echocardiography. Urgent operation of creation of pericardial window was performed. She made a good recovery after the operative intervention. The current report emphasises the importance of having high index of suspicion in patients with non-penetrating multi-trauma with careful observation and appropriate investigations. Abbreviations CT: Computed tomography CTPA: Computed tomography pulmonary angiogram GCS: Glasgow coma scale ICU: Intensive care unit MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging MTP: Massive transfusion RV: ...

A challenging diagnosis in a patient with Odynophagia

A challenging diagnosis in a patient with Odynophagia
Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports A challenging diagnosis in a patient with Odynophagia Claudia Colomba1, Raffaella Rubino1, Rosario Maugeri2, Antonio Anastasia1, Paola Di Carlo1, Federica Paolini2, Riccardo Speciale2, Domenico Gerardo Iacopino2, Antonio Cascio1 1Department of Health Promotion, Mother and Child Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties, University of Palermo, Italy; 2Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Medicine, Neurosurgical Clinic, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 3 ENT Department of the University of Palermo, Italy. Tuberculous retropharyngeal abscesses are rare but potentially life-threatening manifestations of tuberculosis. We present herein a case of an 18-year-old male patient, a migrant from Somalia, accusing fever, odynophagia and neck pain. CT scan and MRI study of the neck showed a retropharyngeal and prevertebral abscess from C1 to D1 with the involvement of epidural space and spondylitis. Resolution of the abscess with few signs of residual spondylitis was achieved after surgical evacuation and antitubercular treatment. Keywords: Retropharyngeal abscess; Odynophagia; Tuberculosis ...