International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy


Socio-demographic Profile of Drug Use and Treatment in Cocaine/Crack Users

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Socio-demographic Profile of Drug Use and Treatment in Cocaine/Crack Users Ademir Ferreira Júnior1*, Ririslâyne Barbosa da Silva1, Thaiane Wanderley do Carmo1, Viviane Karla Nicácio Bezerra2, Ana Caroline Melo of Santos2, Elaine Virgínia Martins de Souza Figueiredo3 1Nursing students at the Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL). 2PhD student at the Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL). 3Professor Doctor of the Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL). Introduction: The current Brazilian scenario shows that abusive use of psychoactive substances directly influences social and public health problems. Objective: To describe the sociodemographic, drug use and treatment profile of cocaine and crack users under treatment at treatment units in the Arapiraca municipality, in the Agreste region of Alagoas. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional quantitative research carried out in welcoming communities in the Agreste of Alagoas, Brazil, and in the Specialized Reference Center for Population in Situation of the Street (POP Center). A sociodemographic data form was used that allowed to know the profile of the users. The data collected were inserted in a database using SPSS 21 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, United States). Results: Most of the interviewees have their own residence. Closely followed are those residing in unstable housing which reflects that this vulnerability has great influence on the use of crack. The education level of most of the interviewees is low and income less than a minimum wage, the latter factor considerable for the choice of crack. Regarding the profile of drug use, most interviewees started using marijuana drugs between 12 and 17 years of age, and between 18 and 25 years of age began using cocaine / crack. Conclusion: The study makes clear the high level of drug dependence and abuse, where users who have cocaine / crack as the drug of choice have ...

Multiprofessional treatment and approach in patients

Review Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Multiprofessional treatment and approach in patients Lucena, L.C.C.L1; Queiroz, R.C.S1; Lucena Neto, I.G2 1Acadêmicas do 6º Período do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco/Campus Acadêmico do Agreste / Núcleo de Ciências da Vida – UFPE/CAA/NCV. 2Neurologista do Hospital Mestre Vitalino em Caruaru-PE. Introduction: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative disease that affects motor neurons in a progressive and generalized way, with an incidence ranging from 0.3 to 3.6: 100.000 people per year. Objective: To analyze the importance of multiprofessional care for patients with ALS. Methodology: Literature Review through the Pubmed and Uptodate databases with the descriptors “Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis” and “multidisciplinary”. Results and Discussion: ALS is the most common motor neuron disease in the world, with weakness, spasticity, hyperreflexia, muscular atrophy and fasciculations. It is very much associated with depression, cognitive, behavioral and mood disorders, causing social and economic problems for patients and their families. Its prognosis is bleak, with death after about two to three years of diagnosis. Riluzole is a safe and effective drug for the management of ALS, capable of prolonging survival in about six months. In May 2017 the use of Edaravone for the treatment of ALS was approved, so the current therapeutic recommendation is the use of this as an adjunct to Riluzole. According to a 2017 review of the Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, more important than drug therapy itself in ALS, is the multiprofessional approach. Currently there is evidence of the importance of the role of neurologist, gastroenterologist, palliative care specialist, physiotherapist, occupational therapist, speech therapist, nutritionist, nurse, psychologist and social worker in the treatment of ALS - each professional with different skills, knowledge and experience must act together to provide the best possible care for patients in this situation and their ...

The nurse’s importance in the aid to a congenital condition of cardiopathy

Review Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy The nurse’s importance in the aid to a congenital condition of cardiopathy Silva, L. B. H. ¹; Silva do O, A. ²; Silva, B. L. S. ³; Teixeira, C. L. B. 4; Medeiros, J. P. ⁵ 1,2,3 e 4Estudantes do curso de Enfermagem – UFPE; 5 Professora Adjunto IV do Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia – UFPE. Introduction: Cardiopathy is a chronic disease that affects the heart structure, preventing or disturbing its healthy operation. The congenital status of this disease affects by consequence the fetus’ growth and maturation which in serious cases harms the child’s development. It is in this moment that the professional role of nursing is crucial by the constant aid, both to the patient and its family. Objective: Emphasizing the nurse’s importance in the aid to a congenital condition of cardiopathy. Methodology: A search was carried out in the SCIELLO virtual library and in the LILACS database, using the descriptors “Congenital Cardiopathy”, “Nursing”, “Children Affected by Heart Diseases”, “Risk Factors”. Were separated 25 articles dated between 2011 and 2016. With the complete text and in Portuguese language, totaling 8. After reading the articles, 5 studies provided the information of this summary. Results and Discussion: In context where the congenital cardiopathy highlights and causes issues since the child first years of life, the nurse comes as the principal aid parts to the family. This starts during the pregnancy by raising awareness of the the risk factors and it extends to the everyday care with the patient. Children that presents cardiovascular diseases exhibit a frequent need for nursing diagnostic. Besides the professional and flexible aid from all in this area, pediatrics count with this flexibility to interact and caring for patients. Conclusion: We can conclude that the professional nurse figure ...

The Adverse Effects Of Prolonged Use Of Corticosteroids And (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) Nsaids In Rheumatoid Arthritis

Review Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy The Adverse Effects Of Prolonged Use Of Corticosteroids And (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) Nsaids In Rheumatoid Arthritis Silva N. R. G.¹, Silva A. P. C.², Lins E. N. P.³, Briano G.L4, Lucena T.M5, Júnior W.L.B6 1Estudante do Curso de Ciências Biológicas Bacharelado-com Ênfase em Ambientais da UFPE. 2,3,4,5Estudante do Curso de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; 6Mestre em Ciências, Docente da UFPE. Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease whose main symptom is inflammation of the joints. The main drugs given to fight this disease are corticosteroids that have anti-inflammatory action and (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) NSAIDs. While drugs are extremely useful in the treatment of this disease, corticosteroids have a list of side effects if used too much and for long time. Objective: emphasize the adverse effects of prolonged use of corticosteroids and (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) NSAIDs in rheumatoid arthritis. Methodology: This study deals with a literature review performed in databases the SciELO and Pubmed, using combinations of descriptors “Rheumatoid Arthritis”, “Corticosteroids”, “Consequences”. 101 articles were found, from which 6 were selected the reading of the respective digests. Results and Discussion: The studies and research already carried out on this subject have shown that 20-40% of patients, adults or elderly, who use (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) NSAIDs at risk of having gastric ulcer, as well as 42% of users have likely increased incidence of cardiovascular events. Their prolonged use may also increase in 5-6 mmHg the average pressure in patients with hypertension..Hospitalization is more frequent in patients who ingest steroids, being admitted with sepsis 0.05% compared with 0.02% of those who did not. As to thrombus formation, the rate of hospitalization was 0.14% versus 0.09% and fractures was 0.51% versus 0.39%. In the face of variables involving rheumatoid arthritis, NSAIDs and ...

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy (ISSN:2637-8795; DOI:10.28933/IJART) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Addiction Research and Therapy (Indexing information).

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