International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy


SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE AND LIFESTYLE OF ALCOHOLICS IN DETOXIFICATION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF VITÓRIA DE SANTO ANTÃO, PE

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE AND LIFESTYLE OF ALCOHOLICS IN DETOXIFICATION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF VITÓRIA DE SANTO ANTÃO, PE Pereira, J.G.1; Machado, E.K.S.2; Santos, M.E.M.3; Moura, K.C.S4; Lima, C.R.5 Orange, L.G.6. 1,2,3,4Estudantes do Curso de Nutrição – Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE; 5,6Docente Núcleo de Nutrição – Centro Acadêmico de Vitória- Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE Introduction: The World Health Organization (2004)4, considers the alcoholic as an excessive drinker whose dependence on alcohol is accompanied by mental disorders, physical health, relationship with others and social and economic behavior.Objective: To identify the sociodemographic profile and the lifestyle of users of the Unified Health System (SUS) with diagnosis of alcoholism in the city of Vitória de Santo Antão, PE. Methodology: Cross-sectional, descriptive and quantitative study, performed in a Hospital Unit agreed with SUS, located in the city of Vitoria de Santo Antão, PE. Data were collected with patients admitted from September to November 2016, through of the questionnaires on the sociodemographic and lifestyle conditions of alcoholics. The data were statistically described. The research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee involving Human Beings of the Health Sciences Center - Federal University of Pernambuco (CAAE: 55297416.0.0000.5208). Results: Twenty-eight male patients aged 19-65 years old, were evaluated. It was observed that 93 % did not finish high school, 57 % with income of up to one minimum wage, 74 % unemployed and 70 % smokers. Conclusion: The present study verified a low socio-demographic condition and an unsatisfactory lifestyle in the population previously evaluated. Keywords: alcoholism; Social conditions; Lifestyle ...

PROFILE OF USERS OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN STREET SITUATIONS IN A POPULATION OF ALAGOAS

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy PROFILE OF USERS OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN STREET SITUATIONS IN A POPULATION OF ALAGOAS Ana Beatriz Amorim Sales1*; Bruna Brandão dos Santos2; Bárbara Rayssa Correia dos Santos3; Ana Caroline Melo dos Santos4; Elaine Virginia Martins de Figueiredo5 Introduction: the consumption of illicit drugs is a public health problem. Objective: the aim of this study is to identify the profile of street drug users in the city of Arapiraca. Methodology: users were recruited in welcoming communities and at the Special Reference Center for Population in Street Situation (POP Center). A sociodemographic questionnaire was used to provide access to the users profile. All the participants signed the Informed Consent Term (TCLE). Statistical analysis was performed using the Stastistics Package for Social Science (SSPS) version 21. Results: a total of 12 users participated in the study, the age group most affected was between 36 and 45 years. The majority of users were male. Regarding ethnicity, marital status and schooling, 50% declared themselves mixed race, 83.3% were single and 50% had incomplete elementary education. Conclusions: some studies have shown that street users are predominantly male and that this predominance may be related to cultural issues. Further studies with this theme are necessary to better assess the profile of users of psychoactive substances nationwide. Keywords: drug users, homeless persons, crack cocaine ...

IMPULSIVITY IN COCAINE/CRACK USERS IN THE CITY OF ARAPIRACA IN ALAGOAS

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy IMPULSIVITY IN COCAINE/CRACK USERS IN THE CITY OF ARAPIRACA IN ALAGOAS Ademir Ferreira Júnior1*, Lino José da Silva1, Maria Sandinéia Bezerra1, Taciana Silva Dias Nogueira1, Ana Caroline Melo dos Santos2, Virginia Elaine Martins de Souza Figueiredo . Introduction: Currently drug use is as a major problem of global public health, given the diversity of aspects involved in drug abuse, psychoactive substances exert impacts on users, families and community, contributing to damage to the physical and mental health, as well as the socio-economic vulnerability and legal problems. Objective: Analyze the degree of cocaine / crack users behavior in Cozy Communities and the Reference Center for Population Homeless (POP Center) located in Arapiraca city in Alagoas. Methodology: This is a research with a quantitative approach, performed in Cozy Communities and POP Center, which are distributed in the city of Arapiraca. The instrument used for the production of data was made by means of structured interviews conducted in the period May to July 2018, in its physical space of the institutions, listing the sociodemographic profile and Impulsiveness Scale - BIS 11. For impulsive behavior grade analysis was used to impulsiveness scale - 11 BIS, based on “Ernst Barratt model, which is considered as one of the most important in impulsive behavior explanation”. Results: The results obtained, the overall score obtained an average of 2.38 were found for each partial average score of the three subdomains impulsiveness, the resulting average motor impulsivity: 2.24 to attentional impulsivity: 2.51 and impulsivity not planning: 2.34. Conclusion: This study shows the importance of impulsivity associated with the pattern of use of psychoactive substances. Keywords: Cocaine/crack, behavior, nursing ...

Socio-demographic Profile of Drug Use and Treatment in Cocaine/Crack Users

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Socio-demographic Profile of Drug Use and Treatment in Cocaine/Crack Users Ademir Ferreira Júnior1*, Ririslâyne Barbosa da Silva1, Thaiane Wanderley do Carmo1, Viviane Karla Nicácio Bezerra2, Ana Caroline Melo of Santos2, Elaine Virgínia Martins de Souza Figueiredo3 1Nursing students at the Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL). 2PhD student at the Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL). 3Professor Doctor of the Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL). Introduction: The current Brazilian scenario shows that abusive use of psychoactive substances directly influences social and public health problems. Objective: To describe the sociodemographic, drug use and treatment profile of cocaine and crack users under treatment at treatment units in the Arapiraca municipality, in the Agreste region of Alagoas. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional quantitative research carried out in welcoming communities in the Agreste of Alagoas, Brazil, and in the Specialized Reference Center for Population in Situation of the Street (POP Center). A sociodemographic data form was used that allowed to know the profile of the users. The data collected were inserted in a database using SPSS 21 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, United States). Results: Most of the interviewees have their own residence. Closely followed are those residing in unstable housing which reflects that this vulnerability has great influence on the use of crack. The education level of most of the interviewees is low and income less than a minimum wage, the latter factor considerable for the choice of crack. Regarding the profile of drug use, most interviewees started using marijuana drugs between 12 and 17 years of age, and between 18 and 25 years of age began using cocaine / crack. Conclusion: The study makes clear the high level of drug dependence and abuse, where users who have cocaine / crack as the drug of choice have ...

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International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy (ISSN:2637-8795; DOI:10.28933/IJART) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Addiction Research and Therapy (Indexing information).

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