International Journal of Case Reports


A rare branching pattern of the celiac trunk associated with an accessory aberrant cystic duct

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports A rare branching pattern of the celiac trunk associated with an accessory aberrant cystic duct Maryna Kornieieva1 and Chase Doiron2 1PhD, MD, Anatomy, Histology, and Embryology Department AUC School of Medicine, Lowlands, Sint Maarten; 21st year student of the AUC School of Medicine, Lowlands, Sint Maarten During routine educational dissection of the upper part of the abdominal cavity in a female cadaver (67 years old, Netherlands) a unique association of two rare biliary and vascular patterns was discovered. The gastroduodenal artery originated from the celiac trunk along with the right hepatic, gastric and splenic arteries, and gave origin to the accessory right and left hepatic vessels. The right hepatic artery took the course typical for the common hepatic artery; however, as a component of the portal triad, the artery was located behind the bile duct and portal vein. Next to the hilum of the liver, it branched off the cystic artery to the gallbladder and bifurcated into two segmental hepatic branches. The described hepatic vascular pattern was associated with the presence of an accessory aberrant cystic duct connecting the body of the gallbladder with the right anterior inferior segmental bile duct. The case is reported to emphasize the importance of a detailed preoperative investigation of the patients considered for open and laparoscopic procedures on the liver and gallbladder documenting the variability of both the biliary and vascular patterns. Keywords: gastroduodenal artery, celiac trunk variability, accessory retroportal right hepatic artery, aberrant accessory cystic duct ...

Penile Fracture – Case Series

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Penile Fracture – Case Series 1Ann Rhoda Abraham, 2Narayanasami Bharath, 3Arcot Rekha 1Junior resident, Saveetha medical college and hospital 2Assistant professor, Saveetha medical college and hospital 3Professor, Saveetha medical college and hospital Fracture of the penis is a misnomer, the cause being rupture of one or both of the tunica albuginea that covers the corpora cavernosa. It usually occurs following sexual intercourse or masturbation. Here we report 2 cases of penile fracture in our institution. Ultrasonography was done which confirmed the diagnosis. In both the cases, the urethra was intact. Exploration with evacuation of the hematoma and repair of the tunica albuginea was done. Keywords: Penile fracture, penile trauma, corpora cavernosa rupture, penile anatomy, tunica albuginea, eggplant deformity, faux pas du coit, cavernosography ...

Aberrant inferior suprarenal vessels crossing posterior pararenal space: a case report

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Aberrant inferior suprarenal vessels crossing posterior pararenal space: a case report Maryna Kornieieva, Andrew Vierra, Abdul Razzaq American University of Caribbean School of Medicine, Lowlands, Sint Maarten During routine educational dissection of a cadaver (63-year-old, male, USA), an atypical course of the left inferior suprarenal vessels via the posterior pararenal space was discovered. Detailed analysis of the abdominal vascular pattern showed that the atypical inferior suprarenal artery represented a terminal branch of the left inferior phrenic artery. The last one branched off from the very beginning of the left renal artery, ascended between the fibers of the left crus of the diaphragm, then ran laterally giving off muscular branches and, finally, descended along the costal part of the diaphragm to the left posterior pararenal space. The terminal branch of the inferior phrenic artery pierced the retrorenal fascia and entered the perirenal space as an atypical left inferior suprarenal artery. It ran upward and medially crossing the anterior surface of the kidney to reach and supply the lower pole of the left suprarenal gland. The left inferior phrenic vein accompanied the artery taking a similar course. It received numerous tributaries passing via the posterior pararenal space, drained the inferior suprarenal vein, and opened into the left renal vein. Such anomalous pararenal vascular pattern is a challenge for surgeons performing open procedures on retroperitoneal organs, not to mention specialists employing minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques. The anatomical variation reported in this paper requires urgent attention of the related specialists. Keywords: inferior phrenic artery, inferior suprarenal artery, accessory renal vessels, pararenal space ...

Safety of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy in patients ventilated with high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and high FiO2

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Safety of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy in patients ventilated with high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and high FiO2 Sachin Pralhad Sasane 1, Zeyad Faoor Alrais2, Giovanni C. Ronquillo3, Yasser Ibrahim4 1Specialist Registrar, 2Consultant and Head of Department, 3Senior Respiratory Therapist Department Of Intensive Care Medicine, Rashid Hospital, Dubai Health Authority. 4ICU Hospitalist, Mediclinic City Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Case report of bronchoscopically guided percutaneous dilational tracheostomy in-patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome ventilated with high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and high FiO2. Keywords: Acute respiratory distress syndrome, high PEEP, percutaneous tracheostomy, bronchoscopy, high FiO2 ...

From Colonoscope to Microscope: The Diagnosis of Trichuris Trichiura

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports From Colonoscope to Microscope: The Diagnosis of Trichuris Trichiura Sushma Krishna*1, Shine Sadasivan2, Kavitha Dinesh3, Aswathy S4, Shamsul Karim5 1Ex-Assistant Professor, Department Of Microbiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin- 682041; 2Associate Professor, Department Of Gastroenterology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin- 682041; 3Ex- Professor & Lab in-charge, Department Of Microbiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin- 682041; 4Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin- 682041; 5Ex-Professor and HOD, Department Of Microbiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin- 682041 Soil Transmitted Helmenthiasis (STH) is a major public health problem in the developing countries. Trichuriasis is one of the common prevalent parasitic infestations in the tropical and sub-tropical countries across the globe incuding India. However, there has been a steady decline of STH in the last five years where there has been success of albendazole with Mass Drug Administration (MDA) in National Filariasis Control Program and Kerala state has been one of them. We report a case of whipworm infection that was incidentally diagnosed by colonoscopy where repeated stool microscopy was uncontributory. The worm can be overlooked, particularly if colon preparation is not good. Keywords: Colonoscope, Microscope, Diagnosis, Trichuris Trichiura ...

Dr. Xiaoning Luo
Professor, Department of Otorhinolarygology-Head and Neck Surgery, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangzhou, China

Dr. N.S. NEKI
Professor & Head, Dept.of Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Amritsar, India

Dr. Jitesh K. Kar
Clinical assistant professor, Department of Internal Medicine – Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Huntsville Regional Campus

Dr. Nisar Haider Zaidi
MBBS, MS, MRCS (Glasgow), FICS, FACS. Department of surgery, King Abdulaziz University Hospital , POBox-80215 Jeddah 21589 , Saudi Arabia

Dr. Giuseppe Lanza
Consultant Neurologist and Clinical Researcher, Department of Neurology IC of the “Oasi” Institute for Research on Mental Retardation and Brain Aging

Dr. Yousif Mohamed Y. Abdallah
Professor (Assistant), Radiological Science and Medical Imaging Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Karol Szyluk
District Hospital of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery

Dr. Mohd Normani Zakaria
Chairman / Head of Hospital Unit / Assistant Professor / Consultant Audiologist, Audiology and Speech Pathology Programme, School of Health Sciences,, Universiti Sains Malaysia 

Dr. Dennis J. Mazur
Senior Scholar, Center for Ethics in Health Care, and Professor of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon USA

Dr. Marcos Roberto Tovani Palone
Department of Pathology and Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Dr. Begum Sertyesilisik
Assoc. Prof. at the Istanbul Technical University

Dr. Jamunarani Veeraraghavan
Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, Texas 

Dr. Rajinder Pal Singh Bajwa
Niagara Falls Mem Med Center, Division of Infectious Diseases, 621 Tenth Street, Niagara Falls, NY

Dr. Can SARICA
Adiyaman University School Of Medicine, Department Of Neurosurgery, Adiyaman

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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Aims
International Journal of Case Reports (ISSN:2572-8776; DOI:10.28933/IJCR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing case reports in all kinds of diseases of all medical fields. Our aim is to provide a platform for authors from all countries to encourages publication of most recent case reports in all specialties. 

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Peer Review help ensure the quality of the publications. Manuscripts of International Journal of Case Reports will be peer-reviewed by invited experts in the field. The decisions of editors will be made based on the comments of the reviewers.

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International Journal of Case Reports (ISSN:2572-8776; DOI:10.28933/IJCR) is a journal to support Open Access initiative

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Scope: (Case reports from all medical fields.)

  • Allergy and Its Subspecialties
  • Anesthesiology and Its Subspecialties
  • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Its Subspecialties
  • Urology and Its Subspecialties
  • Emergency Medicine and Its Subspecialties
  • Dermatology and Its Subspecialties
  • Medical Genetics and Its Subspecialties
  • Internal Medicine and Its Subspecialties
  • Diagnostic Radiology and Its Subspecialties
  • Neurology and Its Subspecialties
  • Psychiatry and Its Subspecialties
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology and Its Subspecialties
  • Ophthalmology and Its Subspecialties
  • Surgery and Its Subspecialties
  • Pediatrics and Its Subspecialties
  • Nuclear Medicine and Its Subspecialties
  • Preventive Medicine and Its Subspecialties
  • Radiation Oncology and Its Subspecialties
  • Pathology and Its Subspecialties
  • Family Medicine and Its Subspecialties
  • Immunology and Its Subspecialties

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