International Journal of Communications and Networks


Independent operation Advantage integration Complementary development—An analysis of the relationship between newspapers and websites

Review article of International Journal of Communications and Networks Independent operation Advantage integration Complementary development---An analysis of the relationship between newspapers and websites Yang HuaiZhou Donghai Branch of Lianyun Gang Newspaper Media Group Co., Ltd. 3 Chaoyang East Road, Haizhou District, Lianyungang City, Jiangsu Province, China. The rise of online media has left paper media, especially newspapers, in a very awkward position and there is still a debate on the relationship between newspapers and websites, many people in the industry called the two a relationship of “newspapers and the Internet is father and son”, which is a false understanding. This paper holds that in the case of newspapers and networks belonging to the same newspaper office, the two should operate independently, integrate their respective advantages, complement each other, inter-develope, so as to implement a win-win situation for newspapers and websites. Keywords: Newspaper; Website; Analysis of relationship; Complementary; Win-win ...

Interactive impacts of stressful factors and adaptive compounds and assessment of the oxidative defense system in multiple-stressed broad bean plants

Research article of International Journal of Communications and Networks Interactive impacts of stressful factors and adaptive compounds and assessment of the oxidative defense system in multiple-stressed broad bean plants M. E. Younis*, A. M. S. Kazamel and M. F. A. El-Sakaan Botany Department, Faculty of Science, University of Mansoura, Mansoura, Egypt Field-grown plants may experience multiple abiotic stresses, rather than a single stress. In this study, interactive impacts of stressful factors and adaptive compounds in NaCl- and Cd-stressed broad bean plants were investigated. Proline as well as H2O2 contents, lipid peroxidation and electrolyte leakage were increased in NaCl- and/or Cd-treated plants, throughout the experiment, whereas sole application of AsA and SA to the unstressed plants led to a decline in the levels of these named parameters. Moreover, a further decline set in upon combination of the adaptive compounds with the stressful factors. Anthocyanin contents fluctuated in different stress levels and single application of AsA or SA reduced anthocyanins; with additional reductions being induced when these compounds were supplemented with NaCl or Cd. Flavonoids and total phenols were increased in response to NaCl and/or Cd treatment; AsA and SA led to a decline or non-significant changes in flavonoids and total phenols, respectively, whereas the treatment of NaCl- and Cd-stressed plants with AsA or SA induced a marked increase, as compared with the stressed plants. In relation to control plants, all treatments adopted elicited significant increases in AsA and GSH contents. All activities of the antioxidant enzymes were variably increased, throughout the experiment, in plants treated with NaCl and/or Cd. Application of adaptive compounds to the unstressed plants also led to significant increases in all the determined activities. On the other hand, addition of these compounds to the stressed plants, in general, significantly decreased the activities of the antioxidant enzymes. Abbreviations: H2O2 ...

The Role of Community on Forest Management in Ethiopia: The case of Yotyet/Yewezera Community Forest

Research article of International Journal of Communications and Networks The Role of Community on Forest Management in Ethiopia: The case of Yotyet/Yewezera Community Forest *Belay Zerga1,2, Bikila Workineh1, 3, Demel Teketay4, Muluneh Woldetsadik5 1. Center for Environmental Science, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University; 2. Department of Natural Resources Management, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Wolkite University;3. Department of Plant Ecology and Biodiversity Management, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis;Ababa University; 4. Department of Crop Science and Production, Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ethiopia; 5. Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, College of Social Sciences, Addis Ababa University This independent study assessed how forest management is a matter of local community governance and management by showing best cultural management practices in Ethiopia with special reference to Yotyet/Yewezera Community forest which is located in Eza Wereda, Gurage Zone, Ethiopia. Forests are essential for human survival and well-being. They harbor two thirds of all terrestrial animal and plant species. They provide us with food, oxygen, shelter, recreation, and spiritual sustenance, and they are the source for over 5,000 commercially-traded products, ranging from pharmaceuticals to timber and clothing. Due to lack of evidence in Ethiopia and more broadly in Africa, Community Based Forest Management approaches have been underestimated. The study area, Yotyet/Yewezera natural forest has four adjacent villages with 3421 population number. These four villages were purposefully selected. In-depth semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions (FGDs), direct field observations and questionnaires were the main sources of the primary data in this research. In all the four villages eight community elders whose age are above 70 years were selected purposefully. After giving enough awareness about the research objective and they were interviewed separately and finally they involved in to Focus Group Discussion. Qualitative historical analysis is employed to ...

Role of Women in Tulama Oromo Gada System: The Case of Ilu, South-West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State

Research article of International Journal of Communications and Networks Role of Women in Tulama Oromo Gada System: The Case of Ilu, South-West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State Aregash Eticha Sefera* Lecture at Bule Hora University This study deals with the role of women in Gada system in Tulama Oromo of Ilu. Gada is an indigenous institution that incorporates political, social and economic issues of the Oromo. In this institution, Women have their own role and status in the political, social and economic affairs of the Oromo society. The objective of this study is to examine the role of women among Tulama Oromo of Ilu Gada system. To achieve this objective, both primary and secondary data was used. Accordingly, interview, focus group discussion and participant observation were employed to collect data. For this purpose, informants were selected from Abba Gada (father of Gada), Luba, Jaartii Cifree (wife of Yuba (retired Gada elder)), Haadha Siiqqee (wife of Abba Gada, Luba), community elders and culture and tourism office from government officials. These informants were participated in interview, focus group discussion. In such way, 36 informants were directly involved in the study. In anthropological studies, analysis is an instrument to extract meanings and interpretation from the data obtained during fieldwork. In such manner, data were presented in a qualitative type. The findings of the study show that women have tremendous role in gada system. In this case, no event or no ceremonies take place without the full participation of women. Women were basically represented and/or play a significant role through different institutions such as Siiqqee and other ritual ceremonies and institutions working as check and balances for protecting women’s right in general. Hence, without participation of women, the Oromoo socio-political practices could be meaningless. That is to say, any social, political and economic practice ...

DR. FROILAN D. MOBO
Associate Professor II, Designated Assistant Unit Head for General Education Unit, Philippine Merchant Marine Academy

Dr Tan Seok Tyug
Department of Healthcare Professional, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Management and Science University

Dr Bhawna Sharma
Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science and Applications, Govt. College

Dr. Eng. Hamid Ali Abed AL-Asadi
Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Education for Pure Science, Basra University

Dr. Muhammad Tariq
Incharge, Library Information Services, COMSATS University

Dr. Olta Totoni
Institution: University of Tirana

International Journal of Communications and Networks

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Communications and Networks (ISSN:2637-6571; DOI:10.28933/IJCN) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Communications and Networks (indexing details).

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