Communications and Networks

  • Independent operation Advantage integration Complementary development—An analysis of the relationship between newspapers and websites

    The rise of online media has left paper media, especially newspapers, in a very awkward position and there is still a debate on the relationship between newspapers and websites, many people in the industry called the two a relationship of “newspapers and the Internet is father and son”, which is a false understanding. This paper holds that in the case of newspapers and networks belonging to the same newspaper office, the two should operate independently, integrate their respective advantages, complement each other, inter-develope, so as to implement a win-win situation for newspapers and websites.

  • Interactive impacts of stressful factors and adaptive compounds and assessment of the oxidative defense system in multiple-stressed broad bean plants

    Field-grown plants may experience multiple abiotic stresses, rather than a single stress. In this study, interactive impacts of stressful factors and adaptive compounds in NaCl- and Cd-stressed broad bean plants were investigated. Proline as well as H2O2 contents, lipid peroxidation and electrolyte leakage were increased in NaCl- and/or Cd-treated plants, throughout the experiment, whereas sole application of AsA and SA to the unstressed plants led to a decline in the levels of these named parameters. Moreover, a further decline set in upon combination of the adaptive compounds with the stressful factors. Anthocyanin contents fluctuated in different stress levels and single application of AsA or SA reduced anthocyanins; with additional reductions being induced when these compounds were supplemented with NaCl or Cd. Flavonoids and total phenols were increased in response to NaCl and/or Cd treatment; AsA and SA led to a decline or non-significant changes in flavonoids and total phenols, respectively, whereas the treatment of NaCl- and Cd-stressed plants with AsA or SA induced a marked increase, as compared with the stressed plants. In relation to control plants, all treatments adopted elicited significant increases in AsA and GSH contents. All activities of the antioxidant enzymes were variably increased, throughout the experiment, in plants treated with NaCl and/or Cd. Application of adaptive compounds to the unstressed plants also led to significant increases in all the determined activities. On the other hand, addition of these compounds to the stressed plants, in general, significantly decreased the activities of the antioxidant enzymes.

  • The Role of Community on Forest Management in Ethiopia: The case of Yotyet/Yewezera Community Forest

    This independent study assessed how forest management is a matter of local community governance and management by showing best cultural management practices in Ethiopia with special reference to Yotyet/Yewezera Community forest which is located in Eza Wereda, Gurage Zone, Ethiopia. Forests are essential for human survival and well-being. They harbor two thirds of all terrestrial animal and plant species. They provide us with food, oxygen, shelter, recreation, and spiritual sustenance, and they are the source for over 5,000 commercially-traded products, ranging from pharmaceuticals to timber and clothing. Due to lack of evidence in Ethiopia and more broadly in Africa, Community Based Forest Management approaches have been underestimated. The study area, Yotyet/Yewezera natural forest has four adjacent villages with 3421 population number. These four villages were purposefully selected. In-depth semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions (FGDs), direct field observations and questionnaires were the main sources of the primary data in this research. In all the four villages eight community elders whose age are above 70 years were selected purposefully. After giving enough awareness about the research objective and they were interviewed separately and finally they involved in to Focus Group Discussion. Qualitative historical analysis is employed to understand and interpret the forest governance and management. Three time periods were considered. The forests’ protection status was assessed during the feudal period (before 1974), during the Derg regime (1974–1991) and after 1991. The three time periods were characterized by major changes that affected the management role of the local community. From the beginning the forest was protected/governed/managed by representatives of the surrounding community which were known as local chiefs. These local chiefs were well respected by the community and their order towards forest management issue had been accepted and practiced accordingly. Apart from local chiefs there was also one strong traditional belief that was…

  • Role of Women in Tulama Oromo Gada System: The Case of Ilu, South-West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State

    This study deals with the role of women in Gada system in Tulama Oromo of Ilu. Gada is an indigenous institution that incorporates political, social and economic issues of the Oromo. In this institution, Women have their own role and status in the political, social and economic affairs of the Oromo society. The objective of this study is to examine the role of women among Tulama Oromo of Ilu Gada system. To achieve this objective, both primary and secondary data was used. Accordingly, interview, focus group discussion and participant observation were employed to collect data. For this purpose, informants were selected from Abba Gada (father of Gada), Luba, Jaartii Cifree (wife of Yuba (retired Gada elder)), Haadha Siiqqee (wife of Abba Gada, Luba), community elders and culture and tourism office from government officials. These informants were participated in interview, focus group discussion. In such way, 36 informants were directly involved in the study. In anthropological studies, analysis is an instrument to extract meanings and interpretation from the data obtained during fieldwork. In such manner, data were presented in a qualitative type. The findings of the study show that women have tremendous role in gada system. In this case, no event or no ceremonies take place without the full participation of women. Women were basically represented and/or play a significant role through different institutions such as Siiqqee and other ritual ceremonies and institutions working as check and balances for protecting women’s right in general. Hence, without participation of women, the Oromoo socio-political practices could be meaningless. That is to say, any social, political and economic practice irrespective of women may not be fruitful. Based on the research findings, some recommendations were forwarded that strengthen understanding of Gada system.

  • Perspective Of Integrated Transport Systems For Sustainable Development In An Emerging Economy

    Transport system plays a vital role in the economic growth and social wellbeing of any nation. In spite of its investment, Nigerian transport system has not always shown competent for accomplishing sustainable development. This paper examined the correlate of integrated transport and sustainable development. This paper adopts both primary data and secondary data using questionnaires and statistical bulletin as instruments. Both Descriptive and Inferential statistics were used to analyse the collected data. The result showed strong correlation between integrated transport system and sustainable development. It was concluded that integrated transport system is a veritable tool for sustainable development in any developing nation. Integrated transport also boosts the GDP of any developing nation like Nigeria by harnessing the various modes of transport. Revenue earned from transport sector should also be used to finance the sector in order to boost the GDP of the sector and also enhance productivity and sustainability of the sector.

  • The influence of the media in the construction of food habits in children

    Introduction: Since the media is one of the main instruments of communication today, having a strong capacity to influence the construction of eating habits, especially in the children’s audience, we find pertinence in the association of these factors associated to the family nucleus. With regard to the family context, it is seen that children become more vulnerable to this technology because they spend a large part of their day surrounded by various instruments that, in most cases, allow negative access when it comes to conceptions food products, which is a consequence of the constant association of food advertisements with low nutritional content. With regard to the family context, it is seen that children become more vulnerable to this technology because they spend a large part of their day surrounded by various instruments that, in most cases, allow negative access when it comes to unhealthy conceptions food products, which is a consequence of the constant association of food advertisements with low nutritional content. Objective: Therefore, this work aims to correlate the influence of the media in the construction of eating habits in children. Methodology: This is a review study of the literature, with papers in Portuguese, researched in the period from 2011 to 2017 referenced in the Google Scholar database, having the following expressions as descriptors: Influence of Media and Eating Habits. Results and Discussion: We noticed that most publications we found claims that the media has a strong relationship in the construction of children’s eating habits since they are more susceptible to influence and manipulation, because they do not have a critical sense formed yet. Another relevant aspect is the interference of food in the family nucleus, which generates resistance to the adhesion of new healthy eating habits. Thus, we consider the importance of discussions involving media power in the…

  • To establish protocols of multiprofessional team for oncology service in the Hospital das Clínicas of Pernambuco

    Introduction: Multiprofessional team is the joining of efforts and interests of professionals who recognize the interdependence with other components in a cooperative work, to achieve synchronized and coordinated activity. Objectives: To establish protocols for patient care through discussion and construction of a plan of care for each patient admitted to the ward of the Oncology Service of the Hospital das Clínicas of Pernambuco (HC-PE); Promote security for the professional performance and integration between them; Stimulate the updating and constant training of the Multiprofessional Team. Methodology: Within 72 hours of hospitalization, we constructed the care guidelines for patients, in addition to preparing them for care after hospital discharge. The components of this team are social worker, doctor, nurse, speech therapist, nutritionist, psychologist, occupational therapist and pharmacist. Meetings are held on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays at 10:30 am in the ward on the eleventh floor of the HC-PE. The instruments of work are forms where we record the goals of care for the current hospitalization of each patient, planning after the discharge and another where the meetings with relatives and the respective referrals are registered. Communication and dissemination takes place through an email group and drive for document sharing. Every week, each member of staff presents aspects of their area of expertise. Results and Discussion: The formation of the group started on 09/08/17 and in each meeting we divided the time in referrals and discussion of a case with registration of the therapeutic plan. The future perspective will be to present the work of the multidisciplinary group to all employees of the HC-PE Oncology Service and later to every hospital. Conclusion: The performance of this group in the oncology ward has ensured an integral care for the patients and unifying the working language of all the team, besides bringing more safety to…

  • Humanized Care to the Elderly with alzheimer: Nanda Nursing Diagnosis

    Introduction: Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by multiple cognitive decline involving memory impairment and progressive loss of functional capacity, where the client needs multidisciplinary care. Objective: to evaluate the actions of caring for the elderly with Alzheimer’s disease from the perspective of the nurse. Methodology: Integrative review, where 7 articles published in the last five years that composed the study sample were identified from the Lilacs, SciELO, PubMed, Medline and Bdenf databases. Results and Discussions: The main nursing diagnoses found by Nanda patients experienced by Alzheimer patients were: chronic confusion, risk of injury, impaired communication, activity intolerance, self – care deficit, impaired social interaction and interrupted family processes. However, in one of the studies on nursing diagnoses, it was possible to identify improvement of the cognition of the patient with (DA) through the application of the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), which is a cognitive evaluation scale that exercises immediate memory, incidental and late. In other studies, poor knowledge was observed, assisting the recognition of learning figures and early identification of depression, aiding in the pattern of impaired sleep, the risk of loneliness and chronic sadness. The nurse, through his theoretical and technical resources, should provide means to facilitate care, among them, establish communication strategies between him and the patient, in order to delay the evolution of the disease. Conclusion: Study showed the importance of implementing the nursing process for this focus, which allows comprehensive care to the Alzheimer’s patient

  • Challenges in patient care assistance in palliative care

    Introduction: Palliative care is an approach to improve the quality of life of patients and their families facing a life-threatening illness.1 To achieve this goal, the interdisciplinary team needs to work in the process of mourning, prevention and relief of suffering, impeccable treatment of pain and other symptoms, be they physical, psychosocial and spiritual. It is a complex approach and needs a strengthened health care team that provides holistic care without value judgments, respecting the diverse beliefs and ways of coping with illness. Objective: To describe the experience of a resident nurse within the multidisciplinary team in the care of a patient in palliative care. Methodology: This is an experience report of a resident nurse during the assistance to palliative care in the inpatient unit of a university hospital in northeastern Brazil. The nurse worked with a multiprofessional team, in the first year of residence, consisting of psychologist, physiotherapist, speech therapist, nutritionist, pharmacist, social worker and dentist. Results and Discussion: There were several challenges encountered during the care, noting: The non-existence of a specialized team in palliative care or guidelines of the institution to conduct the case; Insecurity and inexperience of the professionals who make up the team, newly graduated for the most part and in the first year of residence; Inefficient communication between the interdisciplinary team, making it extremely difficult to make decisions regarding the establishment of palliative care and specific procedures for the case; and finally, difficulty empower the family for decision-making. Conclusion: It is necessary, in this way, to promote discussions and / or training on the subject, to make the population aware of palliative care, to establish guidelines and protocols for conducting cases, and especially to improve communication among medical, multidisciplinary and family teams, so that decisions are made in a shared way.

  • To improve the communication between companion and patient, companion and team

    Introduction: Multidisciplinary intervention with a group of followers of the oncology ward of a school hospital in Recife. During the internment, the anxieties that emerge are broad and complex, permeated by intense feelings like fear, insecurity, anger, revolt and sadness. This symptomatology is natural from the moment of crisis, rupture, (re) adaptation, which exposes the human being in his greatest weaknesses, anxieties and anxieties. Objectives: To provide a space of collective care through the exchange of experience, expression and resignification; to improve the communication between companion and patient, companion and team; provide information and guidance that facilitates the organization of the care routine. Methodology: The meeting took place weekly from the invitation made by the team. The group started with the presentation of the facilitators and then the presentation of the companions who said their name, the patient who was accompanying and had some degree of kinship with the same. This group was open, heterogeneous, educational and therapeutic, depending on the demand brought by the companions during the individual visits during the week. Results: Emotional strengthening of the rights and duties of the companions, and choice of coping strategies more effective. Conclusion: Extended and interdisciplinary care based on the knowledge of the needs of the companions for better patient care.