International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews


Myths and Misconceptions about Communication Disorders: A Survey in North Karnataka region

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Myths and Misconceptions about Communication Disorders: A Survey in North Karnataka region K. Sandhya, S.Akshata, , K.Meghana, N. Sushmitha JSS Institute of Speech and Hearing, Dharwad Introduction: Communication disorders are highly prevalent in India especially in children. Early identification and treatment can prevent children from falling behind academically, socially, and in other key areas. However, identifying children with communication disorders and providing rehabilitation at an early stage is challenging in Indian scenario. Though 21st century has progressed drastically towards the rehabilitation of various communication disorders effectively, not all the regions in India are accepting the scientific rehabilitation. Due of lack of awareness, ignorance and stigma related to communication disorders, some open prejudices still persist in our country, making it difficult for people with communication disorders to have their condition recognized and to seek rehabilitation. However beforehand it is important to know the origin and degree of the problem so that appropriate remedy can be sought. Hence the present study makes one such effort, to study the extent of myths widely spread over north Karnataka region. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire consisting of 10 questions which focus on myths and misbelieves regarding communication disorders was administered on a total of Six hundred participants in the age range of 18 to 80 years. Results: Results indicted presence of myths in rural population with respect to communication disorders compared to urban population. Compared to younger group older group showed more misconceptions. Conclusion: From the results it can be concluded that further necessary programs needs to be implemented in rural areas and for older age groups of North Karnataka region to create awareness in this regard. Keywords: Myths, misbelieves, communication disorders, North Karnataka, Survey ...

Identification Of Parasitic Infections In Food Handlers And The Imminent Risks Of Transmission To School-Aged Children

Review Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Identification Of Parasitic Infections In Food Handlers And The Imminent Risks Of Transmission To School-Aged Children PEREIRA, I. S.*; LIMA NETO, J. B.; SAMPAIO, M. G. V. CENTRO UNIVERSITÁRIO CATÓLICA DE QUIXADÁ Introduction: Most diseases transmitted by food contaminated by protozoa and/or helminths are originated from food improper handling. This fact is related to poor hygiene conditions in the food handling environment or the practices of food handlers. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify parasitic diseases in food handlers, as well as the risk of transmission to school-aged children. Methods: This is a literature review accomplished through researchers in Pubmed, Academic OneFile, SciELO and Google Scholar. The review comprised 40 articles published in the period from 2009 to 2019. In order effect the review, were included in this study literature reviews and original articles, identified in the aforementioned databases and which met the inclusion criteria: having their publication in indexed journals, articles with abstracts and full texts available online, articles published in Portuguese, English or Spanish in the last ten years. Studies whose year of publication was less than 2009 were excluded. Results: Enteroparasitosis are a serious public health problem that affects the world population. This fact is mainly related to the ingestion of contaminated food, having a direct connection with those who handle it. Conclusion: Therefore, food handlers have an important role in the transmissibility of diseases and food security. Keywords: Food handlers. Children. Enteroparasitosis ...

Brazilian Infectious and Parasitic Diseases Child Mortality between 2014 and 2018

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Brazilian Infectious and Parasitic Diseases Child Mortality between 2014 and 2018 Gabriela Vasconcelos de Moura*; Vitor Pereira Contini; Laura de Lima Bigolin; Julia Perito Alfredo Universidade Católica de Pelotas Objectives: Determinate which children are more likely to die due to infectious and parasitic diseases in order to indicate which groups require more attention from the health system. Methods: Data from the Mortality Information System (SIM) by the Informatics Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS) regarding deaths from infectious and parasitic diseases were collected. All records by year and region of death and race and sex of children between 0 and 19 years were considered. Results: In the 5 years, 14,659 infant deaths due to infectious and parasitic diseases were recorded in Brazil, an average of 2,931.8 (± 323.8) per year. There is a 19.5% reduction between 2018 and 2014, that is, 5 years. The highest concentration of records is in the Northeast region, close to Southeast, with 33.2% and 32.4% respectively. Children under 1 year old are majority, with 52.1% while 5 to 9 years old are minority, 7.2%. As for sex, there is a small difference, 54.8% of the records are male. Most children are brow, 49.7%, followed by white, with considerably less, 34%. Conclusions: Brown children, under 1 year old and residents of the Northeast or Southeast are, according to statistics, more prone to fatal outcome of infectious and parasitic diseases. From this profile, it can be inferred that race and age are determining factors for child survival. Measures such as guidance to parents during prenatal care on preventing infections and parasites should be instituted, as well as childcare control and child vaccination in primary care. Keywords: Infectious Diseases. Parasitic Diseases. Death. Infectious Disease Medicine ...

Preparing A University Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for Covid-19 Pandemic and Country Lockdown

Review Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Preparing A University Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for Covid-19 Pandemic and Country Lockdown Manar Al-lawama1, Eman Badran1, Enas Al-Zyadneh1, Montaha Al-ede1, Amira H Daher1, Ayah Irsheid1, Hiba Qtaishat1, Noor Ghanim1, Fares G Bakri2,3 1Pediatric Department, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan 2Devision of infectious diseases, Department of Medicine, Jordan University Hospital 3Infectious disease and vaccine center, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan Jordan is one of the earliest countries that took a very strict approach to contain COVID-19 pandemic by declaring a country lock down. Our neonatal intensive care unit is a level three 30 beds unit. The shortage of neonatal nurses, doctors, and of respiratory support devices are the major existing challenges. During COVID-19 pandemic, those two issues were magnified. This paper will shortly discuss the measures taken as a preparedness for COVID-19 Pandemic in our unit. Team development and work schedule: The medical knowledge about COVID-19 was foggy, however; teamwork is the only ev-ident thing. Our team included, the neonatologists, pediatric intensivist, pediatric pul-monologists, in addition to the infectious disease specialist. The team also included three of our senior residents, and the neonatal unit head nurse. To enhance communication, we created a WhatsApp group (Peds COVID -19). Among this group, unidentified Patients’ information, in addition to recent publications and sci-entific opinions, were shared. Meeting with the obstetric department was done to famil-iarize both teams with the measures taken on both sides. The neonatal care is provided by two neonatologists. The in-house care providers are the pediatric residents. Senior residents are well-trained on neonatal resuscitation, endotra-cheal intubation, and umbilical venous catheterization. During COVID-19 lock down, residents were split into separate teams. Neonatal team, the pediatric floor team, and the emergency room team, each team had their sleeping room ...

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2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-4978; DOI: 10.28933/IJOPRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Pediatric Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of Pediatric research and reviews

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