International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews


Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews THE HOSPITAL TOY LIBRARY AS A HUMANIZATION PLACE IN PEDIATRICS Letícia Pimentel Duarte1*, Gabrielle Gouveia da Silva Florencio¹, Lara Martins Dias¹, Mariana Valentim Aguiar¹, Marina Paixão e Melo Bezerra¹, Nathaly Maria Ferreira-Novaes2 1 Estudante de Graduação em Psicologia na Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde - FPS 2 Psicóloga do Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP) Objetives: This work aims to discuss the importance of the hospital toy library as a place of humanization in pediatrics. Methodology: This discussion was constructed from a reported experience in the toy library of a general hospital in Recife/PE. Results: Through the practice in the hospital toy library, it could be noticed that the companions are agents who also need to be taken care during the process of hospitalization in pediatrics. In this context, the toy library is a place that can favor the integral care of hospitalized children and their companions, through playful, musical, theatrical, sharing experiences. Final considerations: The toy library can be a humanized care environment not only for the children, but also for their companions, because, through various possibilities of play, it is a place that facilitates the social interactions between these individuals, as well as their autonomy and creativity, which are so important in the process of seeking the reestablishment of patients’ health as biopsychosocial subjects. Keywords: Humanization; Hospital toy library; Pediatrics ...


Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews INTERDISCIPLINARY WORK IN CARE OF CHILDREN IN ONCOLOGICAL TREATMENT Itamara Barbosa Souza1*; Everaldo de Lima Gomes Junior2; Hulda Alves de Araújo Tenório3; Luciana da Silva Viana4; Raíssa Fernanda Evangelista Pires dos Santos5. Introduction: Cancer is currently considered a worldwide public health problem. In addition, studies have shown that it is one of the most prevalent diseases in children, and its impact on children and their families. To take care of this scenario, the interdisciplinarity that is character-ized by the exchange of knowledges among the professionals in search of a common objective stands out. General objective: To report the experience of nursing students during the care giv-en to children with cancer with an interdisciplinary team in a hospital unit. Methodology: This is an experience report that emerged from participation in a social project that provides assistance to children with cancer and degenerative diseases in a hospital unit. Results: Attendance initially occurred with the presentation of the subjects with the perspective of favoring the formation of bond, where dialogue and listening were the instrument of this reception. The activities, later, were composed of consultations and the development of play activities from the interdisciplinary context. Conclusion: In view of the impact that cancer causes in children and in the family, such as psychological and physical, it is believed that the resources of interdisciplinary work can con-tribute to the improvement of physical, social and mental condition in the search for adaptation to treatment and conditions. Keywords: Cancer, Interdisciplinary Communication, Confrontation ...

Empowering Local Primary Health Care to Improve Antiepileptic Drugs (AEDs) Adherence among Children with Epilepsy in Outreach District of Pakistan

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Empowering Local Primary Health Care to Improve Antiepileptic Drugs (AEDs) Adherence among Children with Epilepsy in Outreach District of Pakistan Muhammad Akbar Malik, Arshad Rafiq, Omar Virk The Brain Associates Lahore, Pakistan Introduction: There is a dearth of data on effectiveness-assessment of community interventions regarding the adherence improvement among children with epilepsy (CWE) in outreach financially-poor settings. This study was therefore designed to determine impact of integration of childhood epilepsy into primary care to improve the level of adherence to antiepileptic drugs and the factors that are associated with non adherence. Objectives: This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of interventions through free community childhood epilepsy center aimed at improving adherence to antiepileptic medication in CWE in an outreach financially constrained district. Methods: During this interventional study, 240 children (160 children being treated and followed in the free community primary care childhood epilepsy center and 80 children not being treated at this center) aged 4 months to 18years, diagnosed with epilepsy and treatment initiated with at least 1 AED for the past 3 months, were selected for data collection. The childhood epilepsy camps were held at local community centres provided open access, and no user fees or charges for medication were made. Local physicians, who were provided with special training and visiting paediatric neurology fellows carried out screening to help the three visiting paediatric neurologists confirming the diagnoses for data collection. Data was collected by a questionnaire divided into three parts: 1) demographical information about patients 2) information about medication adherence profile using the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8), and 3) data on intervention-effectiveness of the community childhood epilepsy center (CCEC) on antiepileptic drug adherence. Ethical approval was obtained from the institutional ethics committee. Results: Among the 240 children and ...

Clinical Manifestations of Chikungunya in Children

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Clinical Manifestations of Chikungunya in Children Florentino S.A¹; Matos A.V.M²; Braga D.P³; Siqueira V.M4; Ramos R.C.F5 1,2,3,4Academics of the Medical School of the Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (UNICAP); 5Lecturer / Medical Advisor of the Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (UNICAP) Introduction:The Chikungunya Fever is a febrile, non-contagious infectious disease caused by the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), transmitted by Aedes aegypti and, more rarely, by Aedes albopictus. It presents a picture similar to dengue. The first confirmed case in Brazil was in 2014. The signs and symptoms can last for months, and the treatment is symptomatological. Objective: To describe the most common signs and symptoms presented by children infected by CHIKV in Brazil. Methodology: It was used in this project the PubMed base data, with the following search terms: Chikungunya in children in Brazil, Relatos de casos de Chikungunya em crianças no Brazil. It was obtained a total of 20 articles, of which 17 were excluded and 3 analyzed. Inclusion criteria: case report of chikungunya in childs in Brazil, from January 2014 to July 2017. Results and Discussion: Was observed on the related cases: sudden onset fever not explained by other conditions, and may progress to convulsion or not, macular rash with onset of lower limbs and chest, irritability, hypoactivity, vomiting, arthralgia/arthritis, and anemia. Besides that, it was reported signs of ocular and central nervous system disorders in neonates due to CHIKV virus contamination via birth canal. Conclusion: Based on the work observed, it is evident that there are few case reports in children affected by CHIKV. It is necessary to expand research and notifications in this age group as well as in the more frequent clinical occurrences. We emphasize the importance of early care and diagnosis in pediatrics in countries affected by outbreaks ...

Dr. Sameh Shehata
Emeritus Professor of pediatric surgery, University of Alexandria Children’s Hospital

Dr. Pallavi Kamra
Pediatrician, Clinicas del Camino Real, Camarillo, CA

Dr. Hany Abo-Haded
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine – Mansoura University – Mansoura – Egypt

Dr. Ifeadike Chigozie Ozoemena
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University

International journal of Pediatric research and reviews

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-4978; DOI: 10.28933/IJOPRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Pediatric Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of Pediatric research and reviews