International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews

Importance of Psychoanalysis of Childhood Drawings for Prediagnosis of Mental Diseases

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Importance of Psychoanalysis of Childhood Drawings for Prediagnosis of Mental Diseases Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção1, Francisco Henrique da Silva2, Evandro Valentim da Silva3, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos4 1Graduates of the Biological Sciences course - Bachelor's Degree, Biological Sciences Center, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE); 2Department of Biochemistry, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 3Clinical Hospital (UFPE); 4Professor Doctor of the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE). Psychoanalysis and its application in the biological area. The area of Psychology already presents a lot of research in the context, looking for artificial and laboratory situations; however, the importance of contextual analysis of the individual as a whole, of their daily activities and, from this, the understanding of their perceptions. Through psychoanalysis it is possible to observe widely the subject as a whole, not focusing on the presence of organic or genetic disorders, Ansermet (2003) addresses this problem by stating that “We cannot see the subject only as someone who manifests an organic or mental defect, according to the logic of disability”. The systems that compose and organize the environment, according to Bronfenbrenner (1996), are constituted by the fitting of concentric structures called microsystem, what presents itself as the most active and direct contact environments, such as family, school or social work relationships; mesosystem referring to two or more environments of active social participation; exosystem, understood as environments that influence events that take place in the immediate environment of social relationship; and macrosystem, which comprise, in addition to the behavior of individuals, the connections between other people, the nature of bonds and the direct or indirect influence on the developing individual in the contexts in which they live and act actively. The use of psychoanalysis as a tool to decipher possible ...

Consequences of Covid 19 Pandemic on Children

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Consequences of Covid 19 Pandemic on Children Suresh K* Public Health Consultant, India The Pandemic of SARS COV 2 popularly known as ‘Corona Virus19’ has affected 213 countries and territories around the world since the beginning of year 2020. All the countries have focused their attention acutely on the higher fatality rate the virus has caused among the elderly and launched a scientific enquiry on why children have emerged relatively unaffected. This pandemic has already amplified existing social fractures and inequalities and it is expected that all most all countries may take 5-10 years to return to their socio-economic status of 2019. Most importantly people are losing trust in healthcare system. As the Global tally of cases crosses 28 million cases and nearly 0.9 million deaths on 10th September 2020, with the highest daily case of 300,683 on 4 September 2020 and deaths of 8513 on 17 April 2020. However, the proportion or absolute number of cases and deaths in children is not readily available at Global, National, or even at local levels. In the beginning it was estimated that the children under 14 years contributed less than 0.5% and therefore the Children were not the face of this pandemic. The sub-national data in states reporting desegregated data in USA and India indicate that the children contribute between 0.1% to 10% in the recent weeks. The pandemic of COVID-19 initially appeared to cause only a mild illness in children and immediate health impact, or mortality rates were not alarming. A few weeks following the peak of COVID-19 epidemic in the US and the European Union, a novel systemic illness called Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) has been reported with devastating effect. Most importantly children’s risk being among its biggest ...

The Use of a Rapid Fluid Infusion System in Children

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews The Use of a Rapid Fluid Infusion System in Children Sai Surapa Raju, MD1; Judy Fuller, RN2; Stacy L. Gaither, MSN, RN1; Hui-Chien Kuo, MS3; Inmaculada Aban, PhD3; Nancy M. Tofil, MD, MEd1 1University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Pediatrics 2Children’s Hospital of Alabama, Emergency Department 3University of Alabama at Birmingham, Pediatric Research Office Fluid resuscitation is the cornerstone of treatment for pediatric shock caused by conditions such as sepsis, dehydration, trauma, and anaphylaxis. Children presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) in shock have a high risk of mortality, and each hour of delay in shock reversal doubles the odds of death1,2. Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) guidelines emphasize the importance of providing rapid fluid resuscitation to prevent the progression to hypotensive or refractory shock3. PALS and other septic shock guidelines recommend that patients receive a 20 mL/kg bolus of crystalloid immediately upon recognition of hypovolemic or distributive shock, with 20 mL/kg to be delivered within 5 minutes and up to 60 mL/kg within the first 15-60 minutes3-6. Studies based on these guidelines show that earlier fluid delivery directed at reversal of shock reversal leads to decreased morbidity7-9, mortality2,7,9-12, and hospital length of stay (LOS)9,11-13.  Unfortunately, timely fluid delivery is often not achieved due to the technical challenges of obtaining adequate vascular access and delivering fluid boluses quickly in patients with shock or hypotension11,14-16. Current methods of fluid bolus delivery in the pediatric emergency care setting include infusion pumps, gravity drip, pressure bags, rapid infusers, and the push-pull syringe technique17,18. Each of these methods are limited by speed, ease of use, or safety concerns. Infusion pumps provide a maximum rate of 999 mL per hour, which for a 25kg child would provide a 60 mL/kg bolus in 90 minutes ...

Maternal obesity and first trimester iodine levels are associated with the risk of congenital malformations in Assam, Northeast India

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Maternal obesity and first trimester iodine levels are associated with the risk of congenital malformations in Assam, Northeast India Mauchumi Baruah1, Hemonta Kr. Dutta 2*,   Debasish Borbora3.  1Department of Physiology, Assam Medical College & Hospital, Dibrugarh 786002, Assam, India. 2Department of Pediatric Surgery, Assam Medical College & Hospital, Dibrugarh 786002, Assam, India. 3Department of Biotechnology, Gauhati University, Guwahati 781014, Assam, India. Purpose of the study: To assess body mass index (BMI) and trimester specific iodine status among pregnant women of Assam and study their association with congenital malformations (CM). Methods: Anthropometric, obstetric and socioeconomic data was obtained from pregnant women and apparently healthy women attending Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh. Urinary iodine (UI) level was estimated in each trimester. BMI was classified based on Asian criteria suggested by WHO and the iodine intake was classified using WHO reference medians. Student’s t-test and univariate logistic regression analysis were used to determine the risk factors. Results: 156 pregnant women (age 18-35 years) and 160 controls were enrolled in the study. 55.8% pregnant women were underweight and 3.8% were overweight. Malformations were observed in 16 babies. The median urinary iodine concentration (MUIC) of pregnant women in their 1st trimester was 170 µg/l (IQR 100 µg/l) which increased to 275 µg/l (IQR 166 µg/l) during the 2nd trimester and decreased to 265 µg/l (IQR 160 µg/l) at the 3rd trimester. In the univariate analysis, maternal BMI > 23 kg/m2 (OR 3.67, 95% CI 0.20-67.65) and MUIC <150 µg/l during the 1st trimester (OR 3.59, 95% CI: 1.20-10.79) were associated with an increased risk of CM. Within the cohort, maternal BMI <18.5 (OR 2.68, CI: 1.25-5.74), age <20 years (OR 1.39, CI: 0.22-8.70), iodine unawareness (OR 1.68, CI: 0.72-3.95) and illiteracy (OR 1.12, CI: ...

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International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-4978; DOI: 10.28933/IJOPRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Pediatric Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of Pediatric research and reviews