International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews


When gambling with derivative products can become problematic: a case report of excessive trading

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews When gambling with derivative products can become problematic: a case report of excessive trading Sasha Mathieu*, Isabelle Varescon Université de Paris, Laboratoire de Psychopathologie et Processus de Santé, F-92100 Boulogne Billancourt, France For some individuals, trading can become a problematic activity and be considered a gambling disorder due to its adverse consequences. Because few studies have been conducted to date investigating this issue, the aim of this study is to improve knowledge on this topic by presenting a case study of a participant playing the stock market. A research interview was conducted, transcribed, and analyzed using Alceste®. This case study revealed three classes of meaning: the role of family in trading behavior; trading history, motives, and beliefs; and the tilt. Results shed light on the link between gambling and trading activities, and tend to support the existence of a trading behavior resembling addiction, which may be more significant when trading with high-risk derivative products due to their unique characteristics. Keywords: problem trading; trading motives; trading-related cognitions; qualitative analysis; case study ...

The predictive power of approach and autonomous goal motivation for work engagement among public sector employees

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews The predictive power of approach and autonomous goal motivation for work engagement among public sector employees Christian Ehrlich Oxford Brookes University, UK This paper compares the relative predictive power of approach goal motivation and autonomous goal motivation for work engagement among public sector employees. To do so, it employs the goal-striving reasons framework within which people’s approach goal motivation is measured as well as the self-concordance theory which measures people’s autonomous goal motivation. Findings are based on cross-sectional and longitudinal data of 132 public service employees at time 1 and 78 employees at time 2. Overall, the results show, using multiple regression analysis, that approach goal motivation significantly predicts work engagement whereas autonomous goal motivation is not a significant predictor of work engagement. On an individual goal-reason level, a similar picture emerges. Pleasure and altruism, the two approaching goal-striving reasons, are descriptively more strongly correlated with work engagement than their comparable self-concordance reason of intrinsic and identified goal motivation. When testing the predictive power of pleasure and altruism with intrinsic and identified goal motivation simultaneously, using multiple regression analysis, pleasure remains the only significant predictor of work engagement at time one and time two. The findings suggest that approach motivation is a stronger predictor of work engagement than autonomous goal motivation for public sector employees. Additionally, the findings also indicate that pleasure is more important for the work engagement of public sector employees than their altruistic goal motivation on an individual goal-reason level. Keywords: goal-striving reasons framework, self-concordance, work engagement, public sector employees ...

Social Media, Physical and Mental Health During a COVID-19 Lockdown

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Social Media, Physical and Mental Health During a COVID-19 Lockdown Tiffany Field1,2, Samantha Poling2, Shantay Mines2, Debra Bendell2, Connie Veazey2 1University of Miami/Miller School of Medicine 2Fielding Graduate University Social media including texting, internet use, and Facebook time have differential effects but those have not been studied during the social isolation of lockdowns when they might be more prevalent. In this Survey Monkey study, as many as 98% of 260 respondents reported texting, 100% using the internet, and 91% being on Facebook. The percentiles for those using the different media “a lot” were 45%, 77% and 42% respectively. Correlation analyses suggested that texting and internet use were positively related to Connecting Scale scores. However, internet use was also positively related to scores on Stress, Anxiety and Depression Scales and Facebook use was positively related to not only scores on Stress, Anxiety and Depression Scales but also to scores on Fatigue, Sleep Disturbance and PTSD scales. ANOVAS based on comparisons between groups reporting no to moderate use versus “a lot” of use were confirmatory of the correlation analyses. These results are limited by their being self-reported data from a non-representative, cross-sectional sample. Nonetheless, they highlight the positive and negative effects of different social media during a COVID-19 lockdown. Keywords: Social Media; Physical and Mental Health; COVID-19 Lockdown ...

Social Interaction and Social Media At Airport Departure Gates

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Social Interaction and Social Media At Airport Departure Gates Tiffany Field1, 2*, Shantay Mines2, Samantha Poling2, Annie Luu2 1University of Miami / Miller School of Medicine. 2Fielding Graduate University. An observational study was conducted at airline departure gates in several U.S. and European countries. Thirty-second observations were randomly made of 1360 different individuals ranging in age from infants to the elderly, although 79% of the travelers were adults. Most of the individuals were traveling with someone, except for adults who were more often traveling alone (58% vs. 42% time). Of the different types of social interaction and social media observed, cell phone texting/scrolling was significantly more frequently observed (at 53% time) than cell phone talking (13 % time), face-to-face interaction (13% time), on computer (7%) and touching (4%) which was the least frequently observed behavior. Significantly more cell phone texting/scrolling time occurred when adults were traveling alone (58% time). These data suggest that airline travelers are spending significantly more airport departure gate time on social media (specifically cell phone texting/scrolling) than face-to-face interaction or touching. Unfortunately, the observations that were made by professors and students were from too great a distance (10 feet away) in order to be unobtrusive but unable to code the precise type of cell phone texting/scrolling that was occurring. Keywords: Social Interaction; Social Media ...

Dr. Ragea Mohamed Alqahtani
Dean, College of Education, Najran University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Osama Hasan Gaber
Associate Professor of Psychology, College of Education – Najran University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Putilov, Arcady A.
Chief researcher, Research Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia

Dr. Ana Paula Mendes Correia Couceiro Figueira
Assistant Professor, University of Coimbra , Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

Dr. Sam Vaknin
Professor of Finance and Psychology in Centre for International Advanced and Professional Studies

Dr. M. Kubilay Akman
Associate Professor, Uşak University, Department of Sociology

Dr. Vittorio Lenzo
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Psychology Division, University of Messina, via A. Bivona 1, 98122 Messina

Dr. Salama Aqeel salama Al-mehsin
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology – Prince Sattam University Abdul Aziz -Saudi Arabia

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1.Sousa, R.A; Silva, W.R; Oliveira Melo, I.F.O; Silva, A.C.P.S; Vasconcelos, S.C; Silva, T.P.S. Training in Suicide Prevention for Health Professionals in Pernambuco. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:5
2.Sousa, R.A; Silva, W.R; Fretas Júnior, P.B; Vasconcelos, S.C; Sougey, E.B; Silva, T.P.S. The Association of Psychosocial Factors With Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:4

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Open Access
International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews (ISSN:2639-6041, DOI:10.28933/IJPRR) is a journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, and letters to the editor in Psychological Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of psychological research and reviews

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