International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews

Social Media and Mental Health in Youth During COVID-19: A Narrative Review

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Social Media and Mental Health in Youth During COVID-19: A Narrative Review Tiffany Field, PhD University of Miami/Miller School of Medicine and Fielding Graduate University Social media effects on youth during COVID-19 have been studied in the context of excessive use and mental health. Although some positive effects have been reported including connecting and social support, the COVID-19 research has typically noted negative effects including sedentary behavior, limited social interaction, depression and anxiety. This narrative review of eighteen COVID-19 publications on social media effects on youth includes sections on prevalence, on effects and on mediators/moderators of those effects. The prevalence of social media use by youth during COVID-19 has varied between 5% and 97% across 22 countries as a function of location, quarantine/lockdown, and type of social media, although the overall prevalence has significantly increased by 27% during the pandemic and has averaged 38% across studies. The most popular social media have been Facebook, What’s App, Instagram and Twitter. The prevalence of mental health symptoms has also varied across countries but has averaged 27% for anxiety, 34% for depression and 35% for stress. Mediators for the relationships between excessive social media and mental health symptoms have included rumination, psychological capital, sense of control and active use and moderators have included mindfulness, academic burnout and “flow”. Limitations of this literature are its sampling of self-reports from university students via cross-sectional surveys and confounding variables including pre-existing psychopathology, lockdown conditions, and sedentary behavior. Research is needed on the specific reasons for excessive social media use (e. g. information seeking, social interaction and escape from negative feelings including loneliness and touch deprivation) to inform intervention protocols for reducing this addictive behavior and its negative consequences on mental health symptoms in youth. Keywords: Social ...

Self-Efficacy and Political Deviant Behaviour in the Cameroonian Public Service

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Self-Efficacy and Political Deviant Behaviour in the Cameroonian Public Service MENGOUA PLACIDE Ph.D in occupationnal and organisational psychology. Lecturer/Researcher/Assistant at the Faculty of Education of the University of Yaounde I This paper investigates the relationship between self-efficacy and deviant behaviour at work by cameroonian civil servants. The problem raised by this research is that of the practice of deviant political behavior at work by public officials in Cameroon. According to Robinson & Bennett (1997), this is administrative gossip; administrative favoritism, spreading rumors and blaming colleagues and / or users unnecessarily and without reason. The objective of this research is to show that a self-efficient employee does not practice deviant political behaviors at work. Such an objective is part of the research axis of the psychological and developmental sciences, precisely in the field of organizational and occupationnal psychology. The data collection method is the survey and the tool is the questionnary in the form of measurement scales. Simple random sampling yielded the sample of 500 participants. The self-efficacy scale is that of Sherer and Coll (2005) translated and adapted by Chambon (2013) and the deviance scale is that of Bennett and Robinson (2000). Data collection took place in Yaoundé and the analysis was descriptive and regressive. 70% of the participants in this research believe that the practice of deviant political behavior is a reality in public service Cameroon. HRI: β = 0.25; HR2: β = 0.21; HR3: β =0.22: these results show that the three hypotheses are not validated. P = 0.000 the hypothesis is significant. Our regression result based on data collected on a sample of 500 civil servants shows that a self-efficient employee can produce deviant political behavior at work. A self-efficient employee can also produce deviant political behavior ...

Spirituality and Meditation During a COVID-19 Lockdown

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Spirituality and Meditation During a COVID-19 Lockdown Tiffany Field1, 2, Samantha Poling2, Shantay Mines2, Debra Bendell2, Connie Veazey2 1University of Miami/Miller School of Medicine; 2Fielding Graduate University Spirituality and meditation have been associated with emotional and physical well-being, but studies on their relationships are surprisingly missing from the COVID-19 lockdown literature. In this Survey Monkey study conducted during a COVID-19 lockdown, 72% of 260 respondents reported feeling spiritual and 48% meditated. Correlation analyses suggested that spirituality and meditation were positively correlated. Spirituality was also positively related to health practices and working on projects and negatively correlated with COVID-related stress, anxiety, depression, fatigue, and sleep disturbances. And, meditation was positively correlated with health and working scale scores. Spirituality and meditation may be buffers for these COVID-19 related stressors. Keywords: Spirituality, Meditation, COVID-19 Lockdown, Stress, Depression; Spirituality and Meditation During a COVID-19 Lockdown ...

Use of Ketamine as a Date Rape Drug: a Systematic Scoping Review

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Use of Ketamine as a Date Rape Drug: a Systematic Scoping Review Stefania Dermitzaki1, Maria Nystazaki 2 1RN, Faculty of Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece; 2PhD, MSc, RN, 2nd University Psychiatric Clinic, General University Hospital Attikon, Athens, Greece Background and Objectives: The interdependence of ketamine and rape represent an emerging issue for both the developed and the developing countries. Ketamine is rarely used in human surgery nowadays, but there is a range of traits concerning the aforementioned drug making it the most appropriate one for committing a sexual assault. Methods: An advanced search in Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Scopus and Cohrane Library and ScienceDirect was conducted. Identified articles were published between 2005 and 2020. Results: Eight empirical studies were included that comprised the number of victims who had consumed unwillingly ketamine leading to rape. Conclusion: Ketamine as a rape drug is an emerging issue, the extent of which we do not yet acknowledge. Community based informative programs for the public should be implemented, concerning the hazards following the consumption of ketamine. Keywords: ketamine, rape, date rape drugs, drug facilitated sexual assault ...

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International journal of psychological research and reviews