International Journal of Social Research


On the Nature of the French Verbal Forms in the Code-Switching of Songhay, Bamanan and Fulah Speakers of French

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research On the Nature of the French Verbal Forms in the Code-Switching of Songhay, Bamanan and Fulah Speakers of French Ibrahima ABDOULAYE1*, Mohamed MINKAILOU1 1Université des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines de Bamako. Code-Switching is a process of bilingualism that involves the alternation of two languages in the course of a single conversation as a result of language contact phenomenon. This paper is about the conjugation of the verbal forms in the switches of bilingual Songhay-French, Bamanankan-French and Fulfulde-French speakers as pointed out in several studies by I. Abdoulaye (2013, 2016), M. Minkailou and I. Abdoulaye (2016, 2018), I. Abdoulaye and M. Minkailou (2017, 2019). The main objective of the present paper is to describe the verbal paradigm in the switches of these three different groups of francophone speakers according to the existing theories and models on Code-Switching and Code-Mixing constraints. Based on the Matrix Language Frame Model of C. Myers-Scotton (1993a, b), the paper aims at proposing and analysing a francophone alternative of grammatical constraint in code switching. The study uses secondary data collected from the research works cited above in which spontaneous and fresh conversations have been recorded, transcribed and translated into English in an oral corpus. The population of these three different investigations is heterogeneous consisting of bilingual Songhay, Bamanan and Fulah civil servants and university students. Examining the nature of the switches, the study purposely focuses on the intra-sentential code-switching, in which the participants alternate the two codes, inserting words from French into their respective native languages. Analysing the inflected forms of the French verbs embedded in Songhay, Bamanankan or Fulfulde codes, the study has revealed that all the switched verbs belong to the same verb form, the French past participle of the three verb groups (first, second and third) ...

Alternative Family Forms or Social / Emotional Exploitation

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Alternative Family Forms or Social / Emotional Exploitation Steven Gerardi. Ph. D Professor Emeritus for Sociology, New York City College of Technology (CUNY), Social Science Department. Throughout recent history there has been progress toward social equality specifically within the nuclear family. Unfortunately, occurring currently with this social progress has been a movement which has exploited woman and fostered the total rationalization of the emotional family member’s psyco-social emotional being. This effort will exam the Nuclear family from opposite Sociological perspectives: Marx’s Alienated Labor and Parsons’ Functionalist view of the nuclear family. Keywords:  social equality specifically; social equality specifically ...

Women With Regenerative Potential As Against Women With Destructive Potential (The Case Study Of Amma Darko’s “Faceless”)

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Women With Regenerative Potential As Against Women With Destructive Potential (The Case Study Of Amma Darko's "Faceless") Georgina Brookman-Andoh1, Philomena Okyeso Abaka2, Martin Gyekye Ampofo3 1St. Louis College Of Education, Department Of Languages; 2Department of English, KNUST; 3Faculty of Education, KNUST. The research looked at the woman with regenerative potentials and how reliable mentors they are to the benefit of society using Ama Darko’s Faceless. The purpose of the study was to use Ama Darko’s Faceless to showcase the position of the woman with regenerative potential irrespective education because though Education empowers women to have regenerative potentials other women who are uneducated also exhibit such traits in our societies. A qualitative approach was employed to look at views related to the African woman with regenerative potential and also adopted the traditional library research approach through the use of books, articles, journals and publications in as much as they contribute to the worth of the study. It was in-formed by the stiwanist theory. The main findings of the study indicate that the woes of irresponsible mothers who do not responsibly take care of the results of their pleasure with men are being disapproved. This disapproval is as a result of the pitiful portrayal of women with destructive potential as against positive up lifting portrayal of women with regenerative potential and making them reliable mentors of society. This change has come about as a result of women’s quest to assert themselves through education and contribute towards freeing their families from cultural and societal dogmas in which women were treated to subjugation and marginalization. A remarkable observation was the intentionality of ascribing to female characters more respectable roles in novels by various writers as the years go by. A conclusion drawn from the study is ...

Gendered Inequalities in HIV/AIDS: Investigating Linkages between Degradation, Disenfranchisement, Unemployment and Disease

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Gendered Inequalities in HIV/AIDS: Investigating Linkages between Degradation, Disenfranchisement, Unemployment and Disease Kelly F. Austin1*, Laura A. McKinney2 1Lehigh University. 2Tulane University. The purpose of this paper is to examine the social, political, economic, and environmental forces that shape disproportionate HIV rates among women in less-developed countries. Specifically, we analyze how environmental degradation and women’s property rights condition female unemployment rates in poor nations and ultimately, patterns of disease. Using data from 105 less-developed nations, we construct a structural equation model to analyze influences on the proportion of HIV cases among women. We find that environmental degradation is an important, though often overlooked factor contributing to the female HIV burden across nations, through mechanisms such as female unemployment, disenfranchisement, and poor access to socio-health services. We also find that restrictions on property rights for women impact female unemployment and access to health services. Conclusions point to the efficacy of incorporating ecofeminist frameworks that emphasize ecological conditions alongside political, economic, and social forces to explain global health and gender inequalities in HIV/AIDS. Keywords: HIV/AIDS; Gender; Environment; Unemployment; Ecofeminism ...

Prof. (DR) O. P. MONGA
Freelance Professor of Sociology, OB &HR and United Nations Volunteer (Online)

Dr. Gapsalamov Almaz Rafisovich
PhD in Economics, the head of department of economics and management, Kazan Federal University, Elabuga Institute of Kazan Federal University.

Dr. Ronaldo Pierre Cavalcanti Lundgren
Professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Dr. Teodoro Hernandez de Frutos

Professor of Sociology, Department of Sociology, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain, Member board Sociology Mind, Expert ANECA

Dr. Boychenko Mykhailo Ivanovych

Professor, Department of Theoretic and Practical Philosophy at Taras Shevchenko National university of Kyiv

Dr. Dennis J. Mazur
Senior Scholar, Center for Ethics in Health Care, and Professor of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon USA

Dr. Santosh Kumar Behera

Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University

Dr. Mehmet EROĞLU
Firat University Education Faculty, Educational Science Department, 23119, Elazig, Turkey

Dr. Sedat Karadavut
Assistant Professor, Agricultural Structers and İrrigation (Biosystems Engineering), Trakya University/TURKEY

Prof. Agney G K
Assistant Professor, Mar Thoma College, Thiruvalla

Dr. Neamtu Adina Claudia
Full professor, University “Constantin Brancusi” Targu-Jiu, Republicii Street, NO.1, JUD. GORJ

Dr. Milena Palczewska
Vice Dean for student affairs, Military Faculty, War Studies University, al. gen. Antoniego Chruściela “Montera” 10300-910 Warszawa

Dr. Santosh Kumar Jha
Senior Faculty, School of Fashion Leather Accessories Design, Footwear Design & Development Institute (Government of India)

Dr. Alireza Miremadi
Dean & Assistant Marketing Professor, Graduate School of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology-International Campus

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Bibhuti Bhusan Sahoo
Scientist, Regional Research & Technology Transfer Station, (OUAT), Semiliguda

Dr. Sagar Chandrakant Jirapure
Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department, Jawaharlal Darda Institute of Engg and Technology.Yavatmal

Dr. Eşi Marius- Costel
 “Stefan cel Mare” University of Suceava

Dr. Zinchenko Viktor Viktorovich
Principal research scientist of the Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine;Professor of the department of management and innovative technologies of social and cultural activities of the National Pedagogical Dragomanov University; Head of the Department of Management of the Ukrainian Institute of Arts and Sciences;

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1.Rebecca S. Powers and Monica Calderon Pinedo. Comparing Places on Types of Internet Use. International Journal of Social Research, 2018; 2:19. DOI: 10.28933/ijsr-2018-06-2001 
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International Journal of social research

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