International Journal of Virology and Diseases

Epidemiological Profile Of Congenital Syphilis In Alagoas

Research Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases Epidemiological Profile Of Congenital Syphilis In Alagoas Douglas Ferreira Rocha Barbosa1 *, Ediane Gonçalves2, Elias Neves do Nascimento Filho3, Dara Moraes de Almeida4, Roberta Urtiga Malta5, Rosane Pereira dos Reis6. 1,2,5 6Faculdade Estácio de Alagoas FAL; 3Associação Pestalozzi, 4Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas - UNCISAL Objective: To analyze the epidemiological profile of congenital syphilis in the state of Alagoas from 2015 to 2019. Methods: Epidemiological study characterized as descriptive, observational, retrospective and cross-sectional, carried out based on data collected from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN) and made available by the Department of Chronic Conditions and Sexually Transmitted Infections. Results and Discussions: When observing the cases of congenital syphilis, 2019 saw a significant drop in cases compared to the years 2015 to 2018. Conclusion: It is concluded that the epidemiological profile of DES demonstrates that the number of cases is higher among children under 7 days of age, the mother's age range between 20 and 29 years, the mother's education level from 5th to 8th grade incomplete and race / color of the mother, brown. This reflects for health professionals to seek more strategies to eradicate the disease in the state and in Brazil. Keywords: Congenital syphilis, Epidemiology, Interdisciplinary Research ...

The Pandemic In Prison: Dissemination Of Covid-19 Infection Among The Population Without Freedom: A Cut In The State Of Pernambuco

Research Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases The Pandemic In Prison: Dissemination Of Covid-19 Infection Among The Population Without Freedom: A Cut In The State Of Pernambuco Pericles Bezerra de Freitas Júnior1 *, Maria Eulália Gomes de Sá2, Tatiana de Paula Santana da Silva3 1FUNESO; 2FITS; 3FITS Objectives: To conduct a retrospective analysis on the distribution of cases of COVID-19 in the population deprived of liberty belonging to the state of Pernambuco. Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted on secondary electronic databases in the public domain, exempted from the need for an appreciation by the Ethics Committee. The database consulted was of the Center for Strategic Information on Health Surveillance (CIEVS) in the State of Pernambuco. The reference period for collection was from April 1 to September 28, 2020. Epidemiological bulletins and virtual monitoring reports, available on the CIEVS website, were analyzed. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques based on obtaining absolute and percentage frequencies. Results: The State of Pernambuco has the sixth largest prison population in the country. There are 25,564 prisoners, 24,657 men and 907 women. Related to the distribution of cases of infection by the new coronavirus, of the 5,926 suspected cases, 1,476 were confirmed, 46 are still under investigation and 37 had inconclusive tests, which represents an infection rate of 5.77% of the prison population. These results reflect that the scenario of COVID-19 infection in Pernambuco is a cause for concern, both for the general population and among the prisioners. Conclusion: The results suggest that although only 5.7% of the prison population has been infected, prison units are spaces with a potential risk for the spread of COVID-19 infection. In addition, many of the prisioners are an effective risk group and, accordingly, they should be monitored with greater intensity. Keywords: Coronavirus ...

Metabolic Alterations Of Patients With Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Research Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases Metabolic Alterations Of Patients With Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Giulia Paula Alves Cruz1*, Hannah Fernandes Cavalcanti Brandão1, Bruna Oliveira de Medeiros1,2, Marília Tokiko Oliveira Tomiya1,2, Bruno Soares de Sousa1,2 1Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde; 2Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira Objective: To evaluate the metabolic changes in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Methods: This is an observational analytical cross-sectional study that was carried out with 120 patients on regular use of antiretroviral therapy, from May to July 2018. The metabolic changes were determined through the collection of biochemical parameters: CD4, CD4 absolute, CD8, absolute CD8, hemoglobin, High-Density Lipoprotein, Low-Density Lipoprotein, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose. Results: The lipid profile, in most individuals, showed serum values ​​of total cholesterol, triglycerides, and Low-Density Lipoprotein, within the normal range, while the serum levels of High-Density Lipoprotein were decreased by 53.6%, being related to the mean time disease of 8.7 years (± 6.1). As for hematological indices, 62 and 60 (80.5% and 77.9%) of the patients had adequate serum hemoglobin and hematocrit values, however, it was observed that those who had anemia lived with the virus for a longer time (9.27 years ± 6.89). When observing the parameters related to the immune system, it was seen that CD4 levels were low in 38% of patients, adequate absolute CD4 in 56.5%, increased CD8 in 90.7%, and absolute CD8 in 63%. Conclusion: It is known that metabolic changes, such as the decrease in serum levels of High-Density Lipoprotein are common in patients with the virus, as well as, it is known that the survival of these individuals is being prolonged by antiretroviral therapy, which can result in exposure important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Emphasizing the importance of nutritional monitoring in this population. Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Acquired ...

Socioeconomic Profile Of Patients Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Followed In A School Hospital In Recife-PE

Research Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases Socioeconomic Profile Of Patients Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Followed In A School Hospital In Recife-Pe Hérika de Cássia Alves de Brito¹*; Hannah Fernandes Cavalcanti Brandão1; Ana Karolyna Rodrigues Silva dos Santos2; Letycia Paraiso Brandão de Miranda1; Emerson Alves Oliveira de Melo1; Paola Frassinette de Oliveira Albuquerque Silva1,2 1.Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde - FPS; 2.Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira – IMIP Objective: Describe the socioeconomic profile of patients living with the human immunodeficiency virus in a Teaching Hospital in Recife-PE. Methodology: A cross-sectional study, carried out between April and November 2019. Identification, demographic and socioeconomic data were collected. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira, under CAAE: 10262919.7.0000.5201. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 13.0. Results: The sample consisted of 81 patients, with an average age of 37 years ± 11.3 years and 56.8% of females. The family income was 1714.9 ± 1533.5 reais and 46.8% of the individuals had some type of income. It was also possible to verify that, most of the patients had electric light (98.8%), water source by the public network (79.0%), mineral water (71.6%), television (95.1%), and internet (82.4%). Almost half of the individuals (46.9%) used the pit as a sanitary sewer. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the human immunodeficiency virus affects both individuals with low purchasing power and those who have better socioeconomic conditions. Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus; Sexually transmitted infections; Socioeconomic status ...

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International Journal of Virology and Diseases