International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism


Intermittent Fasting and Adding More days to Life

Review Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism Intermittent Fasting and Adding More days to Life AK MOHIUDDIN Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh Intermittent fasting (IF) is currently one of the world’s most popular health and fitness trends. Several IF patterns have been studied. Not all were shown to be equally effective. Also, each person’s experience of intermittent fasting is individual, and different styles will suit different people. The potential health benefit list of IF is long: accelerated weight loss, reduced inflammation, lower cholesterol, longer lifespan, blood sugar stabilization, and prevention of type 2 diabetes. Emerging research suggests IF may also lead to a healthier brain, longer life, and even aid cancer treatment. Placing time restrictions on feeding has been shown to have broad systemic effects and trigger similar biological pathways as caloric restriction. One key mechanism responsible for many of these beneficial effects appears to be “flipping” of the metabolic switch. The metabolic switch typically occurs in the third phase of fasting when glycogen stores in hepatocytes are depleted and accelerated adipose tissue lipolysis produces increased fatty acids and glycerol. Just changing the timing of meals, by eating earlier in the day and extending the overnight fast, significantly benefited metabolism even in people who didn’t lose a single pound. Keywords:  weight loss; caloric restriction; fasting; circadian rhythm; metabolic switch ...

Diabetes Fact: Bangladesh Perspective

Review Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism Diabetes Fact: Bangladesh Perspective AK MOHIUDDIN Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh Bangladesh is a developing country where 75% of total population lives in rural area. Subsequently they have poor healthcare access as 26% of rural professionals remain vacant and nearly 40%, absent. Although official documents indicate that 80% of the population has access to affordable essential drugs, there is plenty of evidence of a scarcity of essential drugs in government healthcare facilities. Nearly 45% rural people take medical assessment from unqualified health workers including medical assistants, mid-wives, village doctors, community health workers in comparison to that by qualified medical graduates (only 10%-20%). More than 75% women having complications sought treatment from an unqualified provider. These are mostly because concern over medical costs, and pronounced socioeconomic disparities found for care-seeking behavior in both urban and rural Bangladesh. However, the government’s expenditure on health is the third largest in the country, after education and defense. Diabetes is a complicated chronic disease; non-compliant patients are in a risk of moderate to severe complications, to much extent unexplored to maximum people of Bangladesh. Annually diabetes is responsible for 5% of all deaths globally, and its prevalence is increasing steadily. As reported by International Diabetes Federation (IDF), approximately 75–80% of people with diabetes die due to cardiovascular complications. Keywords:  Bangladesh; Diabetes; Prevalence; Glycemic Control; Obesity; Stroke ...

Emerging Nephrotic Problems among Diabetic Patients of Bangladesh

Review Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism Emerging Nephrotic Problems among Diabetic Patients of Bangladesh AK MOHIUDDIN Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh Nearly 80% of people with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries. It increases healthcare expenditure and imposes a huge economic burden on the healthcare systems. The International Diabetes Federation estimated more than 7 million people with diabetes in Bangladesh and almost an equal number with unexplored diabetes. This number is estimated to double by 2025. It is a costly condition and may cause stroke, heart attack, chronic kidney diseases, neuropathy, visual impairment and amputations. Bangladesh is a developing country where 75% of total population lives in rural area. Subsequently they have poor healthcare access as 26% of rural professionals remain vacant and nearly 40%, absent. Nearly 45% rural people take medical assessment from unqualified health workers including medical assistants, mid-wives, village doctors, community health workers in comparison to that by qualified medical graduates (only 10%-20%). More than 75% women having complications taken treatment from an unqualified provider. These are mostly because concern over medical costs, and pronounced socioeconomic disparities found for care-seeking behavior in both urban and rural Bangladesh. Keywords:  Diabetic Patient; Glycemic Control; kidney Function; Stroke; Blood Sugar; Albuminuria ...

To characterize the sociodemographic, clinical, therapeutic and quality of life of users of the Unified Health System with Diabetes mellitus

Research Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism To characterize the sociodemographic, clinical, therapeutic and quality of life of users of the Unified Health System with Diabetes mellitus Silva L.L.S.B.¹; Gonzaga I.A.A.S.²; Santos E.K.M.³; Silva L.N.M.4; Santos E.C.B.5 ¹Acadêmica do Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Brasil; 2 ,3Enfermeiras pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Brasil. 4Acadêmica do Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 5Doutora em Enfermagem pela USP. Professora Adjunta da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Brasil. Orientadora. Introduction: Descriptive study with a quantitative approach carried out between October 2015 and October 2016. Sampling was about 100 people with diabetes. Objective: To characterize the sociodemographic, clinical, therapeutic and quality of life of users of the Unified Health System with Diabetes mellitus in a Basic Health Unit (BHU) of the Rural Zone of the city of Vitória de Santo Antão. Methods: Two questionnaires, sociodemographic, clinical and therapeutic, and DQUOL-BRASIL, both validated, were used. Results and discussion: Higher prevalence of female people (75%). Of the investigators (51%) were not able to report their type of diabetes, the medication was obtained in the BHU (44%) as well as the follow-up (78%). (44%) did not receive the blood glucose strips, and (92%) did not participate in educational programs. Regarding the quality of life or impact domain, the highest mean was obtained (32.05) and the lowest for the sale of diabetes problems (6.66). Conclusion: It is concluded that the results obtained contribute to increase the knowledge about the factors studied, since knowing a population makes possible the development of effective health actions, considering the local specificities. Keywords:   Diabetes Mellitus, Health Profile, Quality of Life, Rural Areas ...

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism (ISSN:2637-6717;10.28933/IRJDM) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Diabetes and Metabolism.

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