International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology


Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology STUDY OF PLACENTAS OF HYPERTENSIVE MOTHERS ASSISTED IN TWO PUBLIC MATERNITIES OF RECIFE-PE Karinne Gomes Mendonça1*, Evandro Valentim da Silva2, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos3 1UFPE, 2Pathology Laboratory of Hospital das ClínicasHC/UFPE, 3Professor / Researcher at the Department of Histology and Embryology – UFPE Objective: Perform the histomorphometric study of the following regions: areas of perivillous fibrin deposition; thickness of the endothelial layer of the vessels; analysis of Tenney-Parker changes. Analyze the Placental Index (IP). Results: It was seen that the weight of the placentas increased according to the weight of the newborn, however, when the variable PI was analyzed as being decisive for the development of a risk-free pregnancy, it was found that this parameter was not significant between the groups studied. (p <0.05). It was found that there is a significant difference in relation to the areas of fibrin deposition (P <0.05) between the groups and that it possibly converges with the data found in the literature in which it could be established that in the GrH there is a different relationship in this pattern. The findings of the thickness of the middle layer were significant in the GrH when compared to the GrN (p <0.05), when this parameter is compared between the Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy (HDP) groups, microscopically the PE cases showed prominent changes. I n the present study, Tenney-Parker changes were prominent and discreet in 75% of the GrH placentas versus 20% in the GrN. However, there are contradictions in the literature regarding the consideration of this finding seen only in Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. Conclusion: Given the above, the presence of syncytial knots, the difference between vessel thickness and areas of fibrin deposition are possibly involved in the pathogenesis of Hypertensive Syndromes, regardless of age and ...


Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology PROFILE OF PREGNANT WOMEN COLONIZED BY GROUP B Streptococcus SERVED BY THE UNIQUE HEALTH SYSTEM IN A LABORATORY OF MEDIANEIRA / PARANÁ Solange Matias Heinzen*, Isabel Fernandes de Souza, Sheila Caroline Vendrame Maikot, Aline Preve da Silva, Paola Fernanda Fedatto, Ana Carolina Martins Gomes Higher Education Institute of Foz do Iguaçu (IESFI), Foz do Iguaçu, PR. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of pregnant colonization by group B Streptococcus (GBS) and to verify whether socioeconomic and demographic conditions are risk factors for colonization by this bacterium. Method: This cross-sectional study included the collection of sociodemographic data through a questionnaire and authorization to access the result of the cultivation of vaginal swabs for the investigation of GBS of 50 women treated at the Unified Health System (SUS) in a laboratory in the municipality of Medianeira, PR, between august and september 2020. Results: The population studied showed a 14% prevalence of colonization by GBS, within national and world standards. Among the factors analyzed, the only significant and protective association was living with fewer people in the same house, up to two people, reducing the risk of developing a positive culture for GBS by more than 5 times (5.54) when compared to pregnant women who live with more than 3 people in the same residence (p <0.1; RR = 0.181, CI 90% 0.04-0.82). There was no association between colonization by GBS with age, skin color, school education, occupation and type of housing, income, fixed partner, parity and gestational symptoms. Conclusion: This study requires greater sampling for statistical strengthening, however it indicates basic data for the creation of GBS disease prevention protocols based on the applied community. Keywords: Streptococcus agalactiae. Group B Streptococcus (GBS). Vaginal swabs. Maternal colonization. Maternal-fetal ...


Review Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Pregnancy in Adolescence and Health Education for the Exercise of Responsible Sexuality: an Integrative Review Vanessa Carla dos Santos Neco1*, Carlos Henrique Souza Andrade2, Danielle Patrícia Mendonça da Silva3. 1UNICAP. 2UNISÃOMIGUEL; 3UNISÃOMIGUEL Objective: This review aims to investigate the scientific production aboute the health education in adolescence for the responsible sexual practice. Methods: This is an integrative review, using scientific articles indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL). We searched for articles in the databases LILACS, SCIELO and BDENF and the following descriptors were used: Pregnancy in Adolescence; Nurse; Health Education. In the search, 20 articles were found, of which, only 14 met the objective of the study. Inclusion criteria: full text available, original article, publication between 2014 and 2019 available in Portuguese and included in the proposed theme. Results: Adolescent pregnancy is considered a relevant public health problem, due the high prevalence across the country. The profile of pregnant adolescents is between 12 and 19 years, most of them single, low education, mixed race, housewives. The literature shows that early pregnancy impairs the female emancipation, results the school dropout, early entry into the labor market, disqualification, violence, decreased opportunities and also being associated with the spread of IST’s. Due to this situation and the future repercussions, unplanned pregnancy among adolescents requires holistic approaches to promote health and prevention measures. Conclusion: The nurse is essential in the development of preventive and educational skills with adolescents, establishing a strategy aimed at preventing teenage pregnancy, creating groups with purposes in the promotion of health and prevention of IST’s/early pregnancy, with the objective of making young people aware of the importance of active participation in health education actions. Keywords: Pregnancy, Nursing, Health Education ...


Review Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology HPV-Negative Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a 21-year-old Patient Dânia Ferreira1*, Paulina Corgo2, Vanda Patrício3, Amelia de Almeida4 1Hospital de Braga. 2Centro Hospitalar Medio Ave, Famalicão. 3Instituto Português de Oncologia do Porto. 4Centro Hospitalar Medio Ave, Famalicão. Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinoma usually occurs among women in their 60s or 70s. There are a limited number of reports of vulvar cancer cases younger than 30 years. These patients have usually risk factors such as human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. In this report, the authors present a rare case of invasive vulvar squamous cell carcinoma in a 21-year-old patient without HPV infection. Surgical treatment was performed, followed by adjuvant radiation therapy. Keywords: HPV; Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinoma ...

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International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology