American Journal of Agricultural Research


Agricultural Land Use Pattern and Socioeconomic Study of Taluk Dharmadas Mouza

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Agricultural Land Use Pattern and Socioeconomic Study of Taluk Dharmadas Mouza, Rangpur, Bangladesh. Md. Naimur Rahman Begum Rokeya University The Taluk Dharmadas Mouza is situated at the sadar upozilla of the Rangpur city under 32 number ward. This study was conducted for acquiring knowledge and analyzing of land pattern on agricultural phenomenon as well as the socioeconomic condition. For this mechanism was the socioeconomic questionnaire method, fractional code method, GIS and RS techniques were also used. GIS and RS are used for mapping land pattern, land surface temperature calculation where a fractional code method was used for obtaining and analyzing specific Jurisdiction List (JL) Number and plot number based cultural and physical characteristics. Furthermore the questionnaire helped for studying the overall land use, environmental, socioeconomic and agricultural description. The study found that the study area contains 40 percent agricultural land where 91 percent soil is sandy, against it 30 percent of proper irrigation prevails and temperature pattern is suitable, but the flooding 28 percent and water logging 24 percent is the excessive for agricultural activities instead of this most profitable crop found in only paddy production of 36 percent. In addition, three or multiple crop cultivation gets 45.15 percent agricultural land which revels the increased amount of production. The individual unwillingness for cultivation is 88 percent by considering several aspects including economic condition which is a threat to food safety. In addition urbanization is rapidly forming, but settlement pattern is not developed as their socioeconomic condition where the old age pattern for male is excessive instead of youth female age group of 13 percent which provides the efficiency of the female is larger than male portion. Economic condition is in the lower middle and upper middle level as it is compared with ...

Space breeding in modern agriculture

Review Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Space breeding in modern agriculture Liling Jiang, Baochang Zhang, Weipeng Chen, Tianyuan Qiu,Linlin Wang, Shandong Yang* School of Agricultural Engineer and Food Science, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China Space breeding, also known as aviation breeding or space technology breeding, is a new type of breeding technology developed in recent decades, which combines space technology, modern agricultural technology and biotechnology. Compared with traditional breeding technology, it can greatly improve the quality of agricultural products in a short period of time, create many high-quality provenances, well solve the problem of food shortage, and bring endless benefits to the world. Therefore, space breeding technology will play an important role in the rapid development of modern agriculture. In this paper, the principles and characteristics of space breeding, development status and future prospects at home and abroad are introduced. Keywords: Space breeding; mutagenic; Modern agriculture ...

Combining Ability and Gene Action of Tomato Hybrids (Lucopersicum Esculantum L.) Genotypes in Azerbaijan

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Combining Ability and Gene Action of Tomato Hybrids (Lucopersicum Esculantum L.) Genotypes in Azerbaijan Gulare Huseynzade, Zeynal Akperov, Sabir Hasanov Genetic Recources İnstitute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 155 Azadlig Avenue, Baku Az1106, Azerbaijan This work identifies the combining ability of 10 tomato (Lucopersicon esculantum) parents and 45 F1 hybrids obtained from 10 × 10 half diallel. The work aims to identify the parents with the best general combining ability (gca) and crosses with high specific combining ability (sca) for yield, quality and nature of gene action involved. The study was conducted within 2014 and 2017 at Absheron condition in Azerbaijan using randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The combined analysis of variance showed that variance for gca and sca was highly significant for all the traits studied. This indicates that both additive and non-additive gene actions were operating in the inheritance of these traits. Parental level of gca revealed that introduced genotype (Masalli variety-form) had highest (5843.87) effect followed by Belarusian variety ‘Qarant’ (1930.97) for fresh pod yield and other related traits. The highest sca for hybrids was exhibited by Masalli variety-form x Ilkin, ‘Leyla x Masalli variety-form, ‘Shahin’ x Volqoqrad and Zorka x Shakar for yield and quality traits. This indicates the existence of immense potential for population improvement and heterosis breeding for enhancing productivity and qualities. The ratios of gca mean square to sca mean square were higher than unity for traits, indicating that additive gene action plays a predominant role in the inheritance of most of the traits. Keywords: combining ability, gene action, hybrid, traits, parents, quality, yield ...

Evaluation of some sugar beet varieties under different irrigation intervals

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Evaluation of some sugar beet varieties under different irrigation intervals Abdelaty,M.D1, Elshafay,A.m2 and Abu-Hussien,El.Kh3 1, 3: Faculty of Agriculture, Kafr Elshiekh University. 2: Sugars crops research institute, agriculture research center. The present study was conducted in at the experimental farm of the Sakha Agriculture Research Station, Kafr Elsheikh, Egypt during two growth seasons, 2015/16 and 2016/17 using split plot design to evaluate five of sugar beet varieties (Gloria, Toro, Almaz, Betamax and Demapoly) under different irrigation regimes (4 ,6 and 8 irrigations) in north delta. The treatments significantly affected on different characters, irrigation the plants six irrigations were superior than other ones in root length, root diameter, root weight , root yield and sucrose % values. On the other side, Betamax variety was the best for studied characters compared with other varieties. Keywords: sugar beet varieties, different irrigation intervals ...

Effects of Compaction at Different Moisture Contents on Selected Soil Properties and Sugarcane Growth and Sugar Yield at Metahara Sugar Estate

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Effects of Compaction at Different Moisture Contents on Selected Soil Properties and Sugarcane Growth and Sugar Yield at Metahara Sugar Estate Tesfaye Wakgari,1 Kibebew Kibret,2 Bobe Bedadi,2 Melesse Temesgen,3, Teklu Erikossa,4 1College of Natural Resource Management and Veterinary Science, Ambo University; 2School of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University; 3Engineering faculty, Addis Ababa University; 4Integrated Water Management Institute Although soil compaction has been reported as one of the most serious problems in mechanized sugar cane production, its impacts on soil physicochemical properties and plant growth and sugar yield have not been quantified in the Ethiopian Sugar Estates. A field experiment was conducted in 2016 at Metahara Sugar Estate with the objective of evaluating the effects of initial soil moisture content and number of tractor passes on compaction and resulting impact on selected soil physicochemical properties and sugarcane growth parameters and sugar yield. The field experiment consisted of factorial combinations of compacted soils at three different soil moisture levels (on 4th, 8th and 12th days after irrigation) and six tractor traffic passes (0, 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 passes) which were replicated three times. The result of the study showed that the highest mean values of dry bulk density and penetration resistance were recorded in plots compacted by twenty to and fro passes of tractor. Both bulk density and penetration resistance showed non-linearly increasing pattern with increasing number of passes. The tallest (196 cm) and shortest (171 cm) cane at the age of 8 months were recorded, respectively, in plots with zero and 20 passes of tractor. Significantly higher values of sugar yield were recorded in plots with zero number of passes (control). Imposing of different number of passes on 4th and 8th days after irrigation gave significantly lower yield than ...

Dr. Ajai Kumar Srivastav
Emeritus Professor, Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University

Dr. Osman Tiryaki
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Department, Terzioglu Campus, 17020, ÇANAKKALE, TURKEY

Prof.Dr. Süleyman Taban
Professor, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Ankara University, Ankara-TURKEY

Dr. Nikolay Dimitrov Panayotov
Professor & Head, Department of Horticulture, Agricultural University

Dr.  Samuel Ohikhena Agele 
Lecture/Researcher, Department of Crop, Soil & Pest Management, Federal University of Technology

Dr. Ghousia Begum
Principal Scientist, Toxicology Unit, Biology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology

Dr. Sirisha Adamala
Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Engineering, Vignan's University

Dr. Mala Trivedi
Professor, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, AUUP, Lucknow-226028

Dr Ambreesh Singh Yadav
Scientific Officer, U.P. Council of Agricultural Research, Lucknow, U.P., India

Dr. Abd El-Aleem Saad Soliman Desoky
Professor, Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University

Dr. Chang-Hong Liu
Professor, School of life sciences, Nanjing University, P.R. China

Dr. İrfan Özberk
Professor & Head, Dept. of Field Crops, Fac. of Agri, The Univ. of Harran, Sanliurfa, Turkey

Dr. Papadakis Ioannis
Assistant Professor, Laboratory of Pomology, Agricultural University of Athens

Dr. KAPTAIN KISHOR BAJPAYEE
Associate Professor & Head, Center for Research in Ethno & Medico Botany Dr. R.M.L. PG. College ( C.S.J.M. UNIVERSITY)

Dr. Ayman EL Sabagh
Assistant professor, agronomy department, faculty of agriculture, kafresheikh university, Egypt; Visiting scientist at Field Crops Department ,Faculty of Agriculture , Cukurova University, Turkey

Dr. Alaa Jabbar Abd Al-Manhel
Assistant Professor, Agriculture college /Basra University

Dr. Bibhuti Bhusan Sahoo
Scientist, Regional Research & Technology Transfer Station, (OUAT), Semiliguda

Dr. Sedat Karadavut
Assistant Professor, Agricultural Structers and İrrigation (Biosystems Engineering), Trakya University/TURKEY

Dr. Abhishek Naik
Area Manager, Technology development department

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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American Journal of Agricultural Research

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