American Journal of Agricultural Research

Development and Test of Grain Mass Flow Monitoring System Based on Pressure Sensor

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Development and Test of Grain Mass Flow Monitoring System Based on Pressure Sensor Delei Tan1, Duanyang Geng1*, Huabiao Li1, Haolin Yang1, Yanchun Yao1, Yangmeng Zhang2 1School of Agricultural Engineer and Food Science, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China; 2Shandong Agricultural Machinery Technology Promotion Station, Ji’nan 250100, China. In view of the technical development requirements of digital agriculture and the requirement of operation parameter regulation in the operation process of grain harvester. An on-board grain mass flow monitoring system based on pressure sensor was developed. The mathematical model of grain mass and grain flow pressure was established, which realized the real-time measurement, display, and storage of grain dry/wet quality information during the operation of grain harvester. An indoor bench test was carried out with the independently developed grain flow monitoring test bench. The results showed that the output error of the grain mass flow monitoring system was less than 4.25% under the conditions of indoor bench test, which meets the accuracy requirements of grain flow monitoring and provides the decision basis for variable seeding and variable fertilization. Keywords: Flow monitoring; Pressure sensor; Monitoring system; Grain flow; Digital agriculture ...

Identifying the Topographic Slope Characteristics Most Preferred By Wild Olive Trees in Al-Bahah Region, Saudi Arabia

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Identifying the Topographic Slope Characteristics Most Preferred By Wild Olive Trees in Al-Bahah Region, Saudi Arabia Abdullah Saleh Al-Ghamdi Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Al-Bahah University, P.O. Box 400, Al-Baha 31982, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The aims of this research were to identify the topographical slope characteristics most preferred by wild olive trees in the Al-Bahah region. This study successfully identified the degree of the slope preferred for wild olive groves. The findings revealed that the majority (72.9%) of wild olive trees in Al-Bahah region occupy slopes of 5–30°. However, the patterns in Qelwa and Al-Mekhwah districts are a bit different where most of the wild olives were found on steeper slopes of 20–40°. This is probably because these sub-regions have a medium to steep slope, descending gradually toward the west, the altitudes ranging from 200 (400) to 2001 and 2200 m west of Al¬-Bahah city and Uwera, and between 2000 and 2100 m west of Baljurashi. The results further depicted that the wild olive with the medium-large crown diameter mostly occupied the gentler slopes of 0–25° compared to those with small crown diameters at steeper slopes of 5–35°. This indicates that the wild olive trees grow better on gentler slopes. These findings can be regarded as theoretically revealing the potential landform suitable for olive plantation. As a basis for olive plantation site suitability, these factors are the essential prerequisites to be considered. However. In addition, it is obvious that site suitability is subject to the temporal dynamics of environmental variables. Keywords:Wild olive tree; Mapping; Extent; Distribution; Al-Bahah region; Remote sensing; Crown size; Slope; Neighboring Species ...

Research Status of Power Allocation of Combine Harvester

Review Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Research Status of Power Allocation of Combine Harvester Ping Jiang, Aoqi Zhang, Yujie Deng, Huawei Liu, Haoze Li, Guohai Zhang* School of Agricultural Engineering And Food Science, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo, 255000, China. The development of combine harvester has greatly promoted the development of global agricultural mechanization, In this paper, a large number of research results related to power allocation of combine harvesters were collected, The development status of combined harvester transmission system and power test system is summarized through analysis and selection, It is found that there are few researches on the power distribution of the combine harvester, so it is necessary to further study the related research of the combine harvester. Keywords: Combine harvester; Transmission system; Power test system ...

Construction of GIS-based Agricultural Machinery IoT Service Platform

Review Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Construction of GIS-based Agricultural Machinery IoT Service Platform Haibo Sun1, Huawei Liu1, Keying Li1, Ping Zhang1, Yujie Deng1, Guohai Zhang1* 1School of Agricultural Engineering And Food Science, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo, 255000, China. In recent years, as the information technology becomes mature gradually and the modernized agriculture develops rapidly, the important role of agricultural mechanization in the development of the Internet era has gradually become prominent. As an important part of modernized agriculture development, the agricultural mechanization is also facing management problems caused by the information technology in the Internet era. The information shows new characteristics in the development of agricultural mechanization in the Internet era, such as rapid increase in the amount of information, faster data transmission and processing, more diverse data acquisition and processing methods, more and more complex technologies involved in information processing, and more and more extensive fields. As the information becomes diversified, complex and massive, the traditional agricultural machinery service management model shows greater limitations, such as low management efficiency, backward management methods, and low quality levels, etc.. The GIS technology has brought unprecedented development opportunities for the development of agricultural informatization. It plays an important role in promoting the improvement of agricultural machinery informatization to develop the agricultural machinery IoT service system by using the GIS technology. Keywords: agricultural mechanization; IoT; GIS; service platform ...

In-vitro Antioxidant Capacities and Genetic Classification of Indonesian Selected Pigmented Rice

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research In-vitro Antioxidant Capacities and Genetic Classification of Indonesian Selected Pigmented Rice Erlin Susilowati1, Addieni Zulfa Karimah1, Sandy Pradipta2, Bella Rhea Lavifa Sanjaya2, Mohammad Ubaidillah1,2,3, Tri Agus Siswoyo1,2,3* 1Graduate School of Biotechnology, University of Jember, Jember-68121, Indonesia. 2The Center of Excellence on Crop Industrial Biotechnology (PUI-PT BioTIn), University of Jember, Jember-68121, Indonesia. 3Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jember, Jember 68121, Indonesia Rice is a world-famous cereal food divided into pigmented and non-pigmented rice. Pigmented rice is popular as healthier food than non-pigmented rice due to its potency as an antioxidant. Nevertheless, the potential of pigmented rice has not been widely studied. Indonesian selected pigmented rice protein’s antioxidant potential and the non-protein compound were in-vitro studied. The antioxidant potencies were evaluated by extracting fresh seeds of nine pigmented rice (Aek Sibundong, Beureum Taleus, Gogo Niti-2, Lamongan-1, Merah SP, Merah Wangi, Mota, Ketan Hitam-2, and Super Manggis) and non-pigmented rice (IR-64) as control. Various free radical scavenging methods to determine the antioxidant activity (ABTS•+, DPPH•, OH• and O2-) were conducted. Meanwhile, the genetic classification was performed by a simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker to determine the relationship between varieties. The results showed that protein of Ketan Hitam-2 had the highest ABTS•+ radical scavenging (98.06%), followed by Beureum Taleus (42.54%). Ketan Hitam-2 protein also showed the highest OH• and O2- activities (43.49% and 6.02%, respectively). The highest DPPH• potency of the non-protein compounds also shown by Ketan Hitam-2 (32.23%) with the activity of OH• and O2- (20.63% and 14.56%, respectively). These results showed that Ketan Hitam-2 has the highest potency as an antioxidant, which could be recommended as a nutraceuticals compound. Keywords: Antioxidant; Pigmented rice; SSR marker ...

Dr. Ajai Kumar Srivastav
Emeritus Professor, Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University

Dr. Osman Tiryaki
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Department, Terzioglu Campus, 17020, ÇANAKKALE, TURKEY

Prof.Dr. Süleyman Taban
Professor, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Ankara University, Ankara-TURKEY

Dr. Nikolay Dimitrov Panayotov
Professor & Head, Department of Horticulture, Agricultural University

Dr.  Samuel Ohikhena Agele 
Lecture/Researcher, Department of Crop, Soil & Pest Management, Federal University of Technology

Dr. Ghousia Begum
Principal Scientist, Toxicology Unit, Biology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology

Dr. Sirisha Adamala
Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Engineering, Vignan's University

Dr. Mala Trivedi
Professor, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, AUUP, Lucknow-226028

Dr Ambreesh Singh Yadav
Scientific Officer, U.P. Council of Agricultural Research, Lucknow, U.P., India

Dr. Abd El-Aleem Saad Soliman Desoky
Professor, Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University

Dr. Chang-Hong Liu
Professor, School of life sciences, Nanjing University, P.R. China

Dr. İrfan Özberk
Professor & Head, Dept. of Field Crops, Fac. of Agri, The Univ. of Harran, Sanliurfa, Turkey

Dr. Papadakis Ioannis
Assistant Professor, Laboratory of Pomology, Agricultural University of Athens

Associate Professor & Head, Center for Research in Ethno & Medico Botany Dr. R.M.L. PG. College ( C.S.J.M. UNIVERSITY)

Dr. Ayman EL Sabagh
Assistant professor, agronomy department, faculty of agriculture, kafresheikh university, Egypt; Visiting scientist at Field Crops Department ,Faculty of Agriculture , Cukurova University, Turkey

Dr. Alaa Jabbar Abd Al-Manhel
Assistant Professor, Agriculture college /Basra University

Dr. Bibhuti Bhusan Sahoo
Scientist, Regional Research & Technology Transfer Station, (OUAT), Semiliguda

Dr. Sedat Karadavut
Assistant Professor, Agricultural Structers and İrrigation (Biosystems Engineering), Trakya University/TURKEY

Dr. Abhishek Naik
Area Manager, Technology development department

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

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American Journal of Agricultural Research