American Journal of History and Culture

Diplomatic Victory of the Kosovo Liberation Army

Review Article of American Journal of History and Culture Diplomatic Victory of the Kosovo Liberation Army Dr. Lulzim Nika Member of the Organization of American Historians In the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Serbian nationalism played a crucial role with the project of creating a greater Serbia, using military violence to achieve the goal of this project. The northern republics such as Slovenes, Croats and Kosovo Albanians had the strongest reaction against this project, since after the first pluralist elections in Yugoslavia, political parties seeking independence from Belgrade came to the helm of these republics. The actions of national movements of the Slovenians, Croats, Bosnians, Kosovo Albanians, Macedonians and Montenegrins for independence, have been a reaction to the project of Serbian nationalism for the creation of a greater Serbia. In these new circumstances created in the Yugoslav federation, Kosovo Albanians profiled the demands for a sovereign and independent state of Kosovo, legitimizing it with the referendum held under conditions of occupation and with a sovereign vote for the independence of Kosovo. Despite the creation of some parallel institutions such as education and the obedience of Western diplomacy for a peaceful solution to the Kosovo issue. This was not achieved until an armed resistance from Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) started in Kosovo, that the Kosovo issue was imposed on the diplomacies with international influence to start taking important decisions towards the solution to the Kosovo issue. Due to the KLA war, the contact group took the historical decision to organize an international conference in Rambouillet of France, with a concrete peaceful plan for Kosovo. Rambouillet’s decisions were rejected by the Yugoslav government, thus forcing NATO military intervention to stop crimes against Albanian civilians by Serb forces. The efforts of the Kosovo Albanians to get out of the Serbian occupation had been imposed, even ...

Introduction to the study of Ibn Qutayba´s ‘Uyūn al-Akhbār

Review Article of American Journal of History and Culture Introduction to the study of Ibn Qutayba´s ‘Uyūn al-Akhbār Prof.Dr.Luisa Maria Arvide Cambra University of Almeria, Spain Ibn Qutayba (828-889) is one of the most important writers of medieval Arabic literature. He is the author of several books of Adab, a classic genre of prose cultivated among the Arabs in the Middle Ages. This paper refers to this outstanding figure of medieval times and is an approach to the study of one of his main works: the compendium of Adab (belles-lettres) entitled as ‘Uyūn al-Akhbār (Sources of information). It includes some preliminary notes by way of introduction about the life and the work of the author, a special reference to the cited book, and an appendix with the English translation of an Arabic text selected and taken from the ‘Uyūn al-Akhbār. Keywords: Ibn Qutayba. Adab. Medieval Arabic Literature. Classical Arabic Prose. Abbasid times ...

Documenting The History Of Segadi Michael Monastery

Review Article of American Journal of History and Culture Documenting The History Of Segadi Michael Monastery Bogale Aligaiz Agalu Department of History, Injibara The aim of this research is dealing with the documenting the history of Segadi Michael monastery. Monastery is very great in size when we compare with church. The monastery established in the 17th century by the founder Abune Tetemke- Medehin at the Awi Administrative Zone, Guangua Woreda. The presence of Segadi Michael monastery in the Guangua Woreda plays a significant role for development of Christianity religion for the local people and people of Ethiopia in general. The income of the church come not only from the contribution of the believers and agricultural product of its own land, grinding variety of crops by the use of mill as well as rearing the cattle, but also when performing religious activities such as child baptizing, gift during celebration (holiday) and in the form of cereals from local people. Keywords: Monastery, Segadi Michael, Orthodox, Guangua, Segadi ...


Review Article of American Journal of History and Culture THE UNVEILING OF TWO MONUMENTS OF THE LIBERATOR: SIMÓN BOLÍVAR IN NEW YORK CITY (1921), AND SIMÓN BOLÍVAR IN BOLÍVAR, MISSOURI (1948) Rafael Arreaza Scrocchi Troy University This study explores two important moments in Bolívar’s image and cultural history: first, president Warren G. Harding’s speech during the ceremony of the unveiling of the equestrian statue of the Latin American Liberator, Simón Bolívar, in the city of New York in April 19, 1921, narrating the facts behind the story of the monument created by the American artist, Mrs. Sally James Farnham. Furthermore, this investigation includes original photographs that were taken during the ceremony and that were disseminated by the Addresses Delivered on the Occasion of the Unveiling of the Statue of the Liberator Simón Bolívar Presented to the City of New York by the Government of Venezuela; The American Magazine of Art, and The Colombian Review. Second, this investigation analyzes the unveiling of the statue of the Latin-American Liberator, Simón Bolívar in 1948 in the city of Bolívar in the State of Missouri, including information from the speeches given by the president of the United States of America, Harry Truman, and the Venezuelan president, Rómulo Gallegos. This study also includes a set of eight original photographs that were taken and disseminated during both ceremonies in New York City and in the city of Bolívar in the State of Missouri. Keywords: President Warren G Harding; Simón Bolívar; Sally James Farnham; Equestrian Monument; Liberator; President Harry Truman; President Rómulo Gallegos; Missouri; City of Bolívar; Venezuela; Statue of Simón Bolívar ...

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American Journal of History and Culture